Offences and Punishment
Marginal note:Contravention of Act or regulations
164. (1) Every person commits an offence who contravenes
(a) paragraph 155(1)(a) (report wreck);
(b) paragraph 155(1)(b) (take directed measures regarding wreck);
(c) section 157 (possessing, concealing, destroying or disposing of wreck); or
(d) a provision of the regulations made under this Part.
(2) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $100,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both.
(3) In a prosecution under this Part, it is not necessary to identify the wreck as the property of a particular person or as coming from a particular vessel.
POLLUTION PREVENTION AND RESPONSE — DEPARTMENT OF FISHERIES AND OCEANS
165. The definitions in this section apply in this Part.
« rejet »
“discharge” means a discharge of a pollutant from a vessel, or a discharge of oil from an oil handling facility engaged in loading to or unloading from a vessel, that directly or indirectly results in the pollutant entering the water, and includes spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, throwing and dumping.
« ministre »
“Minister” means the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans.
« hydrocarbures »
“oil” means petroleum in any form, including crude oil, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse and refined products.
“oil pollution incident”
« événement de pollution par les hydrocarbures »
“oil pollution incident” means an occurrence, or a series of occurrences having the same origin, that results or is likely to result in a discharge of oil.
« polluant »
(a) a substance that, if added to any waters, would degrade or alter or form part of a process of degradation or alteration of the quality of the waters to an extent that is detrimental to their use by humans or by an animal or a plant that is useful to humans; and
(b) any water that contains a substance in such a quantity or concentration, or that has been so treated, processed or changed, by heat or other means, from a natural state, that it would, if added to any waters, degrade or alter or form part of a process of degradation or alteration of the quality of the waters to an extent that is detrimental to their use by humans or by an animal or a plant that is useful to humans.
It includes oil and any substance or class of substances that is prescribed for the purpose of this Part to be a pollutant.
« dommages dus à la pollution »
“pollution damage”, in relation to a vessel or an oil handling facility, means loss or damage outside the vessel or oil handling facility caused by contamination resulting from a discharge from the vessel or facility.
« organisme d’intervention »
“response organization” means a qualified person to whom the Minister issues a certificate of designation under subsection 169(1).
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