Appeal to Federal Court
Marginal note:Right of appeal
24. (1) A person on whom a notice under subsection 23(4) is served may, within 30 days after the notice is served, or within any longer period that the Court allows, appeal the decision to the Federal Court.
Marginal note:Court to take precautions against disclosing
(2) In an appeal, the Court shall take every reasonable precaution, including, when appropriate, conducting hearings in private, to avoid the disclosure by the Court or any person of confidential information referred to in subsection 17(1).
Marginal note:Powers of Court
(3) On an appeal, the Court may confirm, set aside or, subject to any regulations made under paragraph 19(1)(b), vary the decision of the Commissioner.
Marginal note:Debts to Her Majesty
25. (1) A penalty constitutes a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada that may be recovered as such in the Federal Court.
Marginal note:Time limit
(2) No proceedings to recover a debt referred to in subsection (1) may be commenced later than five years after the debt became payable.
Marginal note:Proceeds payable to Receiver General
(3) A penalty paid or recovered under sections 19 to 24, this section and sections 26 to 31 is payable to and shall be remitted to the Receiver General.
Marginal note:Certificate of default
26. (1) The unpaid amount of any debt referred to in subsection 25(1) may be certified by the Commissioner.
Marginal note:Registration in Federal Court
(2) Registration in the Federal Court of a certificate made under subsection (1) has the same effect as a judgment of that Court for a debt of the amount specified in the certificate and all related registration costs.
Rules about Violations
Marginal note:Violations not offences
Marginal note:Due diligence available
28. (1) Due diligence is a defence in a proceeding in relation to a violation.
Marginal note:Common law principles
(2) Every rule and principle of the common law that renders any circumstance a justification or excuse in relation to a charge for an offence in relation to a consumer provision applies in respect of a violation to the extent that it is not inconsistent with this Act.
29. In a proceeding in respect of a violation or a prosecution for an offence, a notice purporting to be issued under subsection 22(2) or 23(4) or a certificate purporting to be made under subsection 26(1) is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it.
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