Marginal note:Altering transmission data
  •  (1) It is prohibited, in the course of a commercial activity, to alter or cause to be altered the transmission data in an electronic message so that the message is delivered to a destination other than or in addition to that specified by the sender, unless

    • (a) the alteration is made with the express consent of the sender or the person to whom the message is sent, and the person altering or causing to be altered the data complies with subsection 11(4); or

    • (b) the alteration is made in accordance with a court order.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply if the alteration is made by a telecommunications service provider for the purposes of network management.

Marginal note:Installation of computer program
  •  (1) A person must not, in the course of a commercial activity, install or cause to be installed a computer program on any other person’s computer system or, having so installed or caused to be installed a computer program, cause an electronic message to be sent from that computer system, unless

    • (a) the person has obtained the express consent of the owner or an authorized user of the computer system and complies with subsection 11(5); or

    • (b) the person is acting in accordance with a court order.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) A person contravenes subsection (1) only if the computer system is located in Canada at the relevant time or if the person either is in Canada at the relevant time or is acting under the direction of a person who is in Canada at the time when they give the directions.

Marginal note:Contravention of sections 6 to 8

 It is prohibited to aid, induce, procure or cause to be procured the doing of any act contrary to any of sections 6 to 8.

Marginal note:Express consent — sections 6 to 8
  •  (1) A person who seeks express consent for the doing of an act described in any of sections 6 to 8 must, when requesting consent, set out clearly and simply the following information:

    • (a) the purpose or purposes for which the consent is being sought;

    • (b) prescribed information that identifies the person seeking consent and, if the person is seeking consent on behalf of another person, prescribed information that identifies that other person; and

    • (c) any other prescribed information.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Despite paragraph (1)(b), for the purposes of section 6, if a person is seeking express consent on behalf of a person whose identity is not known,

    • (a) the only information that is required to be provided under that paragraph is prescribed information that identifies the person seeking consent; and

    • (b) the person seeking consent must comply with the regulations in respect of the use that may be made of the consent and the conditions on which the consent may be used.

  • Marginal note:Additional requirement — section 8

    (3) A person who seeks express consent for the doing of any act described in section 8 must, when requesting consent, also, in addition to setting out any other prescribed information, clearly and simply describe, in general terms, the function and purpose of the computer program that is to be installed if the consent is given.

  • Marginal note:Additional requirements associated with certain functions

    (4) In addition to the requirements set out in subsections (1) and (3), if the computer program that is to be installed performs one or more of the functions described in subsection (5), the person who seeks express consent must, when requesting consent, clearly and prominently, and separately and apart from the licence agreement,

    • (a) describe the program’s material elements that perform the function or functions, including the nature and purpose of those elements and their reasonably foreseeable impact on the operation of the computer system; and

    • (b) bring those elements to the attention of the person from whom consent is being sought in the prescribed manner.

  • Marginal note:Description of functions

    (5) A function referred to in subsection (4) is any of the following functions that the person who seeks express consent knows and intends will cause the computer system to operate in a manner that is contrary to the reasonable expectations of the owner or an authorized user of the computer system:

    • (a) collecting personal information stored on the computer system;

    • (b) interfering with the owner’s or an authorized user’s control of the computer system;

    • (c) changing or interfering with settings, preferences or commands already installed or stored on the computer system without the knowledge of the owner or an authorized user of the computer system;

    • (d) changing or interfering with data that is stored on the computer system in a manner that obstructs, interrupts or interferes with lawful access to or use of that data by the owner or an authorized user of the computer system;

    • (e) causing the computer system to communicate with another computer system, or other device, without the authorization of the owner or an authorized user of the computer system;

    • (f) installing a computer program that may be activated by a third party without the knowledge of the owner or an authorized user of the computer system; and

    • (g) performing any other function specified in the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (6) Subsection (4) does not apply in respect of a computer program that performs a function described in subsection (5) if that function only collects, uses or communicates transmission data or performs an operation specified in the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Updates and upgrades

    (7) Subsections (1) and (3) do not apply in respect of the installation of an update or upgrade to a computer program the installation or use of which was expressly consented to in accordance with subsections (1) and (3) if the person who gave the consent is entitled to receive the update or upgrade under the terms of the express consent and the update or upgrade is installed in accordance with those terms.

  • Marginal note:Person considered to expressly consent

    (8) A person is considered to expressly consent to the installation of a computer program if

    • (a) the program is

      • (i) a cookie,

      • (ii) HTML code,

      • (iii) Java Scripts,

      • (iv) an operating system,

      • (v) any other program that is executable only through the use of another computer program whose installation or use the person has previously expressly consented to, or

      • (vi) any other program specified in the regulations; and

    • (b) the person’s conduct is such that it is reasonable to believe that they consent to the program’s installation.

  • Marginal note:Implied consent — section 6

    (9) Consent is implied for the purpose of section 6 only if

    • (a) the person who sends the message, the person who causes it to be sent or the person who permits it to be sent has an existing business relationship or an existing non-business relationship with the person to whom it is sent;

    • (b) the person to whom the message is sent has conspicuously published, or has caused to be conspicuously published, the electronic address to which the message is sent, the publication is not accompanied by a statement that the person does not wish to receive unsolicited commercial electronic messages at the electronic address and the message is relevant to the person’s business, role, functions or duties in a business or official capacity;

    • (c) the person to whom the message is sent has disclosed, to the person who sends the message, the person who causes it to be sent or the person who permits it to be sent, the electronic address to which the message is sent without indicating a wish not to receive unsolicited commercial electronic messages at the electronic address, and the message is relevant to the person’s business, role, functions or duties in a business or official capacity; or

    • (d) the message is sent in the circumstances set out in the regulations.

  • Definition of “existing business relationship”

    (10) In subsection (9), “existing business relationship” means a business relationship between the person to whom the message is sent and any of the other persons referred to in that subsection — that is, any person who sent or caused or permitted to be sent the message — arising from

    • (a) the purchase or lease of a product, goods, a service, land or an interest or right in land, within the two-year period immediately before the day on which the message was sent, by the person to whom the message is sent from any of those other persons;

    • (b) the acceptance by the person to whom the message is sent, within the period referred to in paragraph (a), of a business, investment or gaming opportunity offered by any of those other persons;

    • (c) the bartering of anything mentioned in paragraph (a) between the person to whom the message is sent and any of those other persons within the period referred to in that paragraph;

    • (d) a written contract entered into between the person to whom the message is sent and any of those other persons in respect of a matter not referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (c), if the contract is currently in existence or expired within the period referred to in paragraph (a); or

    • (e) an inquiry or application, within the six-month period immediately before the day on which the message was sent, made by the person to whom the message is sent to any of those other persons, in respect of anything mentioned in any of paragraphs (a) to (c).

  • Marginal note:Clarification

    (11) For the purposes of subsection (10), the following organizations are considered to be businesses:

  • Marginal note:Clarification

    (12) If a person has an existing business relationship with another person in accordance with subsection (10), and the business is sold, the person who purchases the business is considered to have, in respect of that business, an existing business relationship with that other person.

  • Definition of “existing non-business relationship”

    (13) In subsection (9), “existing non-business relationship” means a non-business relationship between the person to whom the message is sent and any of the other persons referred to in that subsection — that is, any person who sent or caused or permitted to be sent the message — arising from

    • (a) a donation or gift made by the person to whom the message is sent to any of those other persons within the two-year period immediately before the day on which the message was sent, where that other person is a registered charity as defined in subsection 248(1) of the Income Tax Act, a political party or organization, or a person who is a candidate — as defined in an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province — for publicly elected office;

    • (b) volunteer work performed by the person to whom the message is sent for any of those other persons, or attendance at a meeting organized by that other person, within the two-year period immediately before the day on which the message was sent, where that other person is a registered charity as defined in subsection 248(1) of the Income Tax Act, a political party or organization or a person who is a candidate — as defined in an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province — for publicly elected office; or

    • (c) membership, as defined in the regulations, by the person to whom the message is sent, in any of those other persons, within the two-year period immediately before the day on which the message was sent, where that other person is a club, association or voluntary organization, as defined in the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Clarification

    (14) Where a period is specified in subsection (10) or (13) in relation to the purchase or lease of a product, goods, a service, land or an interest or right in land, or in relation to a donation, gift or membership,

    • (a) in the case of a purchase, lease, donation or gift, if it involves an ongoing use or ongoing purchase under a subscription, account, loan or similar relationship, the period is considered to begin on the day that the subscription, account, loan or other relationship terminates; and

    • (b) in the case of a membership, the period is considered to begin on the day that the membership terminates.

 
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