Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Act current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2015-06-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Assurance of endorsements
  •  (1) An issuer may require an assurance that each necessary endorsement on a security is genuine and effective by requiring a guarantee of the signature of the person endorsing the security and by requiring

    • (a) if the endorsement is by an agent, reasonable assurance of authority to sign;

    • (b) if the endorsement is by a fiduciary, evidence of appointment or incumbency;

    • (c) if there is more than one fiduciary, reasonable assurance that all who are required to sign have done so; and

    • (d) in any other case, assurance that corresponds as closely as practicable to the foregoing.

  • Definition of “guarantee of the signature”

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), “guarantee of the signature” means a guarantee signed by or on behalf of a person whom the issuer believes, on reasonable grounds, to be a responsible person.

  • Marginal note:Standards

    (3) An issuer may adopt reasonable standards to determine responsible persons for the purposes of subsection (2).

  • Definition of “evidence of appointment or incumbency”

    (4) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b), “evidence of appointment or incumbency” means

    • (a) in the case of a fiduciary appointed by a court and referred to in subsection 96(1), a copy of the certified court order referred to in subsection 96(1) and dated not earlier than sixty days before the day a security is presented for transfer; or

    • (b) in the case of any other fiduciary, a copy of a document showing the appointment or other evidence believed by the issuer to be appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Standards

    (5) An issuer may adopt reasonable standards with respect to evidence referred to in paragraph (4)(b).

  • Marginal note:No notice to issuer

    (6) An issuer is deemed not to have notice of the contents of any document referred to in subsection (4) that is obtained by the issuer except to the extent that the contents relate directly to appointment or incumbency.

Marginal note:Notice from additional documentation

 If an issuer, in relation to a transfer, demands assurance other than an assurance specified in subsection 127(1) and obtains a copy of a will, trust or partnership agreement or a by-law or similar document, the issuer is deemed to have notice of all matters contained therein affecting the transfer.

Marginal note:Limited duty of inquiry
  •  (1) An issuer to whom a security is presented for registration has a duty to inquire into adverse claims if

    • (a) the issuer receives written notice of an adverse claim at a time and in a manner that provides the issuer with a reasonable opportunity to act on it before the issue of a new, reissued or re-registered security and the notice discloses the name and address of the claimant, the registered owner and the issue of which the security is a part; or

    • (b) the issuer is deemed to have notice of an adverse claim from a document that it obtained under section 128.

  • Marginal note:Discharge of duty

    (2) An issuer may discharge a duty of inquiry by any reasonable means, including notifying an adverse claimant by registered mail sent to the address provided by the adverse claimant or, if no such address has been provided, to the adverse claimant’s residence or regular place of business, that a security has been presented for registration of transfer by a named person and that the transfer will be registered unless, within thirty days after the date of mailing of the notice, either

    • (a) the issuer is served with a restraining order or other order of a court, or

    • (b) the issuer is provided with an indemnity bond sufficient in the issuer’s judgment to protect the issuer and any registrar, transfer agent or other agent of the issuer from any loss that may be incurred by any of them as a result of complying with the adverse claim.