Bank Act (S.C. 1991, c. 46)

Act current to 2016-05-12 and last amended on 2016-03-05. Previous Versions

Approval Process

Marginal note:Application for approval
  •  (1) An application for an approval of the Minister required under this Part must be filed with the Superintendent and contain the information, material and evidence that the Superintendent may require.

  • Marginal note:Applicant

    (2) If, with respect to any particular transaction, this Part applies to more than one person, any one of those persons may make the application to the Minister for approval on behalf of all of those persons.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 395;
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 98.
Marginal note:Matters for consideration
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if an application for an approval under section 373 is made, the Minister, in determining whether or not to approve the transaction, shall take into account all matters that the Minister considers relevant to the application, including

    • (a) the nature and sufficiency of the financial resources of the applicant or applicants as a source of continuing financial support for the bank;

    • (b) the soundness and feasibility of the plans of the applicant or applicants for the future conduct and development of the business of the bank;

    • (c) the business record and experience of the applicant or applicants;

    • (d) the character and integrity of the applicant or applicants or, if the applicant or any of the applicants is a body corporate, its reputation for being operated in a manner that is consistent with the standards of good character and integrity;

    • (e) whether the bank will be operated responsibly by persons with the competence and experience suitable for involvement in the operation of a financial institution;

    • (f) the impact of any integration of the businesses and operations of the applicant or applicants with those of the bank on the conduct of those businesses and operations;

    • (g) the opinion of the Superintendent regarding the extent to which the proposed corporate structure of the applicant or applicants and their affiliates may affect the supervision and regulation of the bank, having regard to

      • (i) the nature and extent of the proposed financial services activities to be carried out by the bank and its affiliates, and

      • (ii) the nature and degree of supervision and regulation applying to the proposed financial services activities to be carried out by the affiliates of the bank; and

    • (h) the best interests of the financial system in Canada, including, if the bank is a federal credit union, the best interests of the cooperative financial system in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Except for an application by an eligible agent for an approval under section 373, and subject to subsection 377(1), the Minister shall take into account only paragraph (1)(d) if the application is in respect of a transaction that would result in the applicant or applicants holding

    • (a) more than 10 per cent but no more than 20 per cent of any class of the outstanding voting shares of a widely held bank with equity of twelve billion dollars or more that is not a federal credit union; or

    • (b) more than 10 per cent but no more than 30 per cent of any class of the outstanding non-voting shares of such a bank.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2.1) Subject to subsection 377.2(1), the Minister is to take into account only paragraph (1)(d) if the application is in respect of a transaction that would result in the applicant or applicants holding more than 10 per cent but no more than 30 per cent of any class of the outstanding shares, or of membership shares, of a federal credit union.

  • Marginal note:Favourable treatment

    (3) The Minister shall not approve a transaction that would cause a bank to become a subsidiary of a foreign bank within the meaning of any of paragraphs (a) to (f) of the definition foreign bank in section 2 that is a non-WTO Member foreign bank unless the Minister is satisfied that treatment as favourable for banks to which this Act applies exists or will be provided in the jurisdiction in which the foreign bank principally carries on business, either directly or through a subsidiary.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 396;
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 98;
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 132;
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 2069;
  • 2012, c. 5, ss. 31, 223, c. 31, s. 113.

 [Repealed, 1994, c. 47, s. 19]

Marginal note:Terms and conditions

 The Minister may impose any terms and conditions in respect of an approval given under this Part that the Minister considers necessary to ensure compliance with any provision of this Act.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 397, c. 47, s. 757;
  • 1993, c. 44, s. 26;
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 19;
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 98.
Marginal note:Certifying receipt of application
  •  (1) If, in the opinion of the Superintendent, an application filed under this Part contains all the required information, the Superintendent shall without delay refer the application to the Minister and send a receipt to the applicant certifying the date on which the completed application was received by the Superintendent.

  • Marginal note:Incomplete application

    (2) If, in the opinion of the Superintendent, an application filed under this Part is incomplete, the Superintendent shall send a notice to the applicant specifying the information required by the Superintendent to complete the application.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 398;
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 98;
  • 2007, c. 6, s. 21(F).
Marginal note:Notice of decision
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) and 400(1), the Minister shall, within a period of thirty days after the certified date referred to in subsection 398(1), send to the applicant

    • (a) a notice approving the transaction to which the application relates; or

    • (b) if the Minister is not satisfied that the transaction to which the application relates should be approved, a notice to that effect, advising the applicant of the right to make representations to the Minister in respect of the matter.

  • Marginal note:Notice of decision

    (2) Subject to subsections (4) and 400(2), the notice referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) shall be sent by the Minister within a period of 45 days after the certified date referred to in subsection 398(1) in the following cases:

    • (a) the application involves the acquisition of control of a bank;

    • (b) the application is made by an eligible agent or an entity controlled by an eligible agent; or

    • (c) an application is made for the approval referred to in subsection 401.2(3).

  • Marginal note:Extension of period for notice

    (3) If the Minister is unable to complete the consideration of an application within the period referred to in subsection (1), the Minister shall

    • (a) within that period, send a notice to that effect to the applicant; and

    • (b) within a further period of thirty days after the date of the sending of the notice referred to in paragraph (a) or within any other further period that may be agreed on by the applicant and the Minister, send a notice referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (b) to the applicant.

  • Marginal note:Further extensions

    (4) If the Minister considers it appropriate to do so, the Minister may extend the period referred to in subsection (2) for one or more periods of forty-five days.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 399;
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 20;
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 98;
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 114.
Marginal note:Reasonable opportunity to make representations
  •  (1) If, after receipt of the notice referred to in paragraph 399(1)(b), the applicant advises the Minister that the applicant wishes to make representations, the Minister must provide the applicant with a reasonable opportunity within a period of thirty days after the date of the notice, or within any further period that may be agreed on by the applicant and the Minister, to make representations in respect of the matter.

  • Marginal note:Reasonable opportunity to make representations

    (2) If, after receipt of the notice sent in accordance with subsection 399(2) that the Minister is not satisfied that the transaction to which the application relates should be approved, the applicant advises the Minister that the applicant wishes to make representations, the Minister must provide the applicant with a reasonable opportunity within a period of 45 days after the date of the notice, or within any further period that may be agreed on by the applicant and the Minister, to make representations in respect of the matter.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 400;
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 21;
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 98;
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 115(E).
Marginal note:Notice of decision
  •  (1) Within a period of thirty days after the expiration of the period for making representations referred to in subsection 400(1), the Minister shall, in the light of any such representations and having regard to the matters to be taken into account, send a notice to the applicant indicating whether or not the Minister approves the transaction to which the application relates.

  • Marginal note:Notice of decision

    (2) Within a period of forty-five days after the expiration of the period for making representations referred to in subsection 400(2), the Minister shall, in the light of any such representations and having regard to the matters to be taken into account, send a notice to the applicant indicating whether or not the Minister approves the transaction to which the application relates.

  • 1991, c. 46, s. 401;
  • 1994, c. 47, s. 22;
  • 2001, c. 9, s. 98.
 
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