Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. B-3)

Act current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2015-02-26. Previous Versions

General Provisions

Marginal note:Precedence of bankruptcy orders and assignments
  •  (1) Every bankruptcy order and every assignment made under this Act takes precedence over all judicial or other attachments, garnishments, certificates having the effect of judgments, judgments, certificates of judgment, legal hypothecs of judgment creditors, executions or other process against the property of a bankrupt, except those that have been completely executed by payment to the creditor or the creditor’s representative, and except the rights of a secured creditor.

  • Marginal note:Costs

    (2) Despite subsection (1), one bill of costs of a barrister or solicitor or, in the Province of Quebec, an advocate, including the executing officer’s fees and land registration fees, shall be payable to the creditor who has first attached by way of garnishment or filed with the executing officer an attachment, execution or other process against the property of the bankrupt.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 70;
  • 1992, c. 27, s. 37;
  • 1997, c. 12, s. 66(F);
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 44;
  • 2005, c. 47, s. 63(E).
Marginal note:Vesting of property in trustee

 On a bankruptcy order being made or an assignment being filed with an official receiver, a bankrupt ceases to have any capacity to dispose of or otherwise deal with their property, which shall, subject to this Act and to the rights of secured creditors, immediately pass to and vest in the trustee named in the bankruptcy order or assignment, and in any case of change of trustee the property shall pass from trustee to trustee without any assignment or transfer.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 71;
  • 1997, c. 12, s. 67;
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 44.
Marginal note:Application of other substantive law
  •  (1) The provisions of this Act shall not be deemed to abrogate or supersede the substantive provisions of any other law or statute relating to property and civil rights that are not in conflict with this Act, and the trustee is entitled to avail himself of all rights and remedies provided by that law or statute as supplementary to and in addition to the rights and remedies provided by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Operation of provincial law re documents executed under Act

    (2) No bankruptcy order, assignment or other document made or executed under the authority of this Act shall, except as otherwise provided in this Act, be within the operation of any legislative enactment in force at any time in any province relating to deeds, mortgages, hypothecs, judgments, bills of sale, chattel mortgages, property or registration of documents affecting title to or liens or charges on real or personal property or immovables or movables.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 72;
  • 1997, c. 12, s. 68(F);
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 45.
Marginal note:Purchaser in good faith at sale protected
  •  (1) An execution levied by seizure and sale of the property of a bankrupt is not invalid by reason only of its being an act of bankruptcy, and a person who purchases the property in good faith under a sale by the executing officer acquires a good title to the property against the trustee.

  • Marginal note:Executing officer to deliver property of bankrupt to trustee

    (2) If an assignment or a bankruptcy order has been made, the executing officer or other officer of any court or any other person having seized property of the bankrupt under execution or attachment or any other process shall, on receiving a copy of the assignment or the bankruptcy order certified by the trustee as a true copy, immediately deliver to the trustee all the property of the bankrupt in their hands.

  • Marginal note:In case of executing officer’s sale

    (3) If the executing officer has sold the property or any part of the property of a bankrupt, the executing officer shall deliver to the trustee the money so realized less the executing officer’s fees and the costs referred to in subsection 70(2).

  • Marginal note:Effect of bankruptcy on seizure of property for rent or taxes

    (4) Any property of a bankrupt under seizure for rent or taxes shall on production of a copy of the bankruptcy order or the assignment certified by the trustee as a true copy be delivered without delay to the trustee, but the payment of the costs of distress or, in the Province of Quebec, the costs of seizure, is secured by a security on the property ranking ahead of any other security on it, and, if the property or any part of it has been sold, the money realized from the sale less the costs of distress, or seizure, and sale shall be paid to the trustee.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 73;
  • 1997, c. 12, s. 69(F);
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 46;
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 8.