Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. B-3)

Act current to 2016-01-25 and last amended on 2015-02-26. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Stay on issue of order
  •  (1) An order of discharge or annulment shall be dated on the day on which it is made, but it shall not be issued or delivered until the expiration of the time allowed for an appeal, and, if an appeal is entered, not until the appeal has been finally disposed of.

  • (2) [Repealed, 1992, c. 27, s. 65]

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 182;
  • 1992, c. 27, s. 65.

PART VIICourts and Procedure

Jurisdiction of Courts

Marginal note:Courts vested with jurisdiction
  •  (1) The following courts are invested with such jurisdiction at law and in equity as will enable them to exercise original, auxiliary and ancillary jurisdiction in bankruptcy and in other proceedings authorized by this Act during their respective terms, as they are now, or may be hereafter, held, and in vacation and in chambers:

    • (a) in the Province of Ontario, the Superior Court of Justice;

    • (b) [Repealed, 2001, c. 4, s. 33]

    • (c) in the Provinces of Nova Scotia and British Columbia, the Supreme Court;

    • (d) in the Provinces of New Brunswick and Alberta, the Court of Queen’s Bench;

    • (e) in the Province of Prince Edward Island, the Supreme Court of the Province;

    • (f) in the Provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, the Court of Queen’s Bench;

    • (g) in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, the Trial Division of the Supreme Court; and

    • (h) in Yukon, the Supreme Court of Yukon, in the Northwest Territories, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories, and in Nunavut, the Nunavut Court of Justice.

  • Marginal note:Superior Court jurisdiction in the Province of Quebec

    (1.1) In the Province of Quebec, the Superior Court is invested with the jurisdiction that will enable it to exercise original, auxiliary and ancillary jurisdiction in bankruptcy and in other proceedings authorized by this Act during its term, as it is now, or may be hereafter, held, and in vacation and in chambers.

  • Marginal note:Courts of appeal — common law provinces

    (2) Subject to subsection (2.1), the courts of appeal throughout Canada, within their respective jurisdictions, are invested with power and jurisdiction at law and in equity, according to their ordinary procedures, except as varied by this Act or the General Rules, to hear and determine appeals from the courts vested with original jurisdiction under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Court of Appeal of the Province of Quebec

    (2.1) In the Province of Quebec, the Court of Appeal, within its jurisdiction, is invested with power and jurisdiction, according to its ordinary procedures, except as varied by this Act or the General Rules, to hear and determine appeals from the Superior Court.

  • Marginal note:Supreme Court of Canada

    (3) The Supreme Court of Canada has jurisdiction to hear and to decide according to its ordinary procedure any appeal so permitted and to award costs.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 183;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 10;
  • 1990, c. 17, s. 3;
  • 1998, c. 30, s. 14;
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 15;
  • 2001, c. 4, s. 33;
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 83;
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 9.
Marginal note:Appointment of officers

 Each of the following persons, namely,

  • (a) the Chief Justice of the court,

  • (b) in Quebec, the Chief Justice or the Associate Chief Justice in the district to which the Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice was appointed,

  • (c) in Yukon, the Commissioner of Yukon,

  • (d) in the Northwest Territories, the Commissioner of the Northwest Territories, and

  • (e) in Nunavut, the Commissioner of Nunavut,

shall appoint and assign such registrars, clerks and other officers in bankruptcy as deemed necessary for the transaction or disposal of matters in respect of which power or jurisdiction is given by this Act and may specify or limit the territorial jurisdiction of any such officer.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 184;
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78;
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 84.
Marginal note:Assignment of judges to bankruptcy work by Chief Justice
  •  (1) The Chief Justice of the court, and in the Province of Quebec the Chief Justice or the Associate Chief Justice in the district to which he was appointed, may, if in his opinion it is advisable or necessary for the good administration of this Act, nominate or assign one or more of the judges of the court to exercise the judicial powers and jurisdiction conferred by this Act that may be exercised by a single judge, and the judgment, decision or order of a judge so nominated or assigned shall be deemed to be the judgment, decision or order of the court, and a reference in this Act to the court applies to any judge exercising the powers and jurisdiction of the court.

  • Marginal note:No diminution of powers

    (2) Nothing in this section diminishes or affects the powers or jurisdiction of the court or of any of the judges thereof not so specially nominated or assigned.

  • R.S., c. B-3, s. 155.
Marginal note:Exercise of power by judges of other courts on appointment by Minister

 The Minister may, if in his opinion it is advisable or necessary for the proper administration of this Act, authorize any district, county or other judge to exercise any or all of the powers and jurisdiction of the court or of a judge or registrar thereof, subject to any limitation or condition, and any judge so authorized shall be deemed a judge or registrar, as the case may be, of the court having jurisdiction in bankruptcy, and references to the court, to the judge of the court or to the registrar apply to that district, county or other judge according to the terms of his authority.

  • R.S., c. B-3, s. 156.

Authority of the Courts

Marginal note:Seal of court
  •  (1) Every court shall have a seal describing the court, and judicial notice shall be taken of the seal and of the signature of the judge or registrar of the court in all legal proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Court not subject to be restrained

    (2) The courts are not subject to be restrained in the execution of their powers under this Act by the order of any other court.

  • Marginal note:Power of judge in chambers

    (3) Subject to this Act and to the General Rules, the judge of a court may exercise in chambers the whole or any part of his jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Periodical sittings

    (4) Periodical sittings for the transaction of the business of courts shall be held at such times and places and at such intervals as the court directs.

  • Marginal note:Court may review, etc.

    (5) Every court may review, rescind or vary any order made by it under its bankruptcy jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement of orders

    (6) Every order of a court may be enforced as if it were a judgment of the court.

  • Marginal note:Transfer of proceedings to another division

    (7) The court, on satisfactory proof that the affairs of the bankrupt can be more economically administered within another bankruptcy district or division, or for other sufficient cause, may by order transfer any proceedings under this Act that are pending before it to another bankruptcy district or division.

  • Marginal note:Trial of issue, etc.

    (8) The court may direct any issue to be tried or inquiry to be made by any judge or officer of any of the courts of the province, and the decision of that judge or officer is subject to appeal to a judge in bankruptcy, unless the judge is a judge of a superior court when the appeal shall, subject to section 193, be to the Court of Appeal.

  • Marginal note:Formal defect not to invalidate proceedings

    (9) No proceeding in bankruptcy shall be invalidated by any formal defect or by any irregularity, unless the court before which an objection is made to the proceeding is of opinion that substantial injustice has been caused by the defect or irregularity and that the injustice cannot be remedied by any order of that court.

  • Marginal note:Proceedings taken in wrong court

    (10) Nothing in this section invalidates any proceedings by reason of their having been commenced, taken or carried on in the wrong court, but the court may at any time transfer the proceedings to the proper court.

  • Marginal note:Court may extend time

    (11) Where by this Act the time for doing any act or thing is limited, the court may extend the time either before or after the expiration thereof on such terms, if any, as it thinks fit to impose.

  • Marginal note:Court may dispense with certain requirements respecting notices

    (12) Where in the opinion of the court the cost of preparing statements, lists of creditors or other material required by this Act to be sent with notices to creditors, or the cost of sending the material or notices, is unjustified in the circumstances, the court may give leave to omit the material or any part thereof or to send the material or notices in such manner as the court may direct.

  • R.S., 1985, c. B-3, s. 187;
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 20, c. 27, s. 66;
  • 2004, c. 25, s. 87.
 
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