Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (S.C. 2010, c. 21)

Act current to 2017-10-13 and last amended on 2016-12-12. Previous Versions

Offences

Marginal note:Offence
  •  (1) A person who contravenes a provision of this Act, other than section 8, 10, 11 or 20, a provision of the regulations or an order made under this Act is guilty of an offence and is liable

    • (a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $5,000,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or to both; or

    • (b) on summary conviction, for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $250,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months or to both and, for a subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months or to both.

  • Marginal note:Defence of due diligence

    (2) Due diligence is a defence in a prosecution for an offence under subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Offence — fault

    (3) A person who contravenes section 8, 10, 11 or 20 or who knowingly or recklessly contravenes another provision of this Act, a provision of the regulations or an order made under this Act is guilty of an offence and is liable

    • (a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine in an amount that is at the discretion of the court or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years or to both; or

    • (b) on summary conviction, for a first offence, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than 18 months or to both and, for a subsequent offence, to a fine of not more than $1,000,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years or to both.

  • Marginal note:Sentencing considerations

    (4) A court that imposes a sentence shall take into account, in addition to any other principles that it is required to consider, the harm or risk of harm caused by the commission of the offence and the vulnerability of individuals who use the consumer product.

Marginal note:Offences by corporate officers, etc.

 If a person other than an individual commits an offence under this Act, any of the person’s directors, officers, agents or mandataries who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the offence is a party to the offence and is liable on conviction to the punishment provided for by this Act, even if the person is not prosecuted for the offence.

Marginal note:Offences by employees, agents or mandataries

 In a prosecution for an offence under this Act, it is sufficient proof of the offence to establish that it was committed by any employee, agent or mandatary of the accused, even if the employee, agent or mandatary is not identified or is not prosecuted for the offence.

Marginal note:Continuing offence

 If an offence under this Act is committed or continued on more than one day, it constitutes a separate offence for each day on which it is committed or continued.

Marginal note:Venue

 A prosecution for an offence under this Act may be instituted, heard and determined

  • (a) in the place where the offence was committed or the subject-matter of the prosecution arose;

  • (b) where the accused was apprehended; or

  • (c) where the accused happens to be or is carrying on business.

Marginal note:Limitation period

 Proceedings by way of summary conviction in respect of an offence under this Act may be instituted at any time within two years after the time the Minister becomes aware of the acts or omissions that constitute the alleged offence.

Marginal note:Admissibility of evidence
  •  (1) In proceedings for an offence under this Act, a declaration, certificate, report or other document of the Minister or an inspector, analyst or review officer purporting to have been signed by that person is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it and, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, is proof of the matters asserted in it.

  • Marginal note:Copies and extracts

    (2) In proceedings for an offence under this Act, a copy of or an extract from any document that is made by the Minister or an inspector, analyst or review officer that appears to have been certified under the signature of that person as a true copy or extract is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it and, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, has the same probative force as the original would have if it were proved in the ordinary way.

  • Marginal note:Presumed date of issue

    (3) A document referred to in this section is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, presumed to have been issued on the date that it bears.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (4) No document referred to in this section may be received in evidence unless the party intending to produce it has provided reasonable notice of that intention on the party against whom it is intended to be produced together with a duplicate of the document.

Marginal note:Self-incrimination

 The information and results contained in the documents that a person provides under an order made under section 12 may not be used or received to incriminate the person in any proceeding against them in respect of an offence under this Act.

Administrative Monetary Penalties

Violation

Marginal note:Commission of violation

 Every person who contravenes an order that is made under section 31 or 32 or reviewed under section 35 commits a violation and is liable to the penalty established in accordance with the regulations.

Powers of the Governor in Council and Minister

Marginal note:Regulations
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) fixing a penalty, or a range of penalties, in respect of each violation;

    • (b) classifying each violation as a minor violation, a serious violation or a very serious violation;

    • (c) respecting the circumstances under which, the criteria by which and the manner in which a penalty may be increased or reduced, including a reduction in the amount that is provided for in a compliance agreement; and

    • (d) respecting the determination of a lesser amount that may be paid as complete satisfaction of a penalty if paid in the prescribed time and manner.

  • Marginal note:Maximum penalties

    (2) The maximum penalty for a violation is $5,000 in the case of a violation committed by a non-profit organization — or by any other person for non-commercial purposes — and $25,000 in any other case.

Marginal note:Notices of violation

 The Minister may

  • (a) designate individuals, or classes of individuals, who are authorized to issue notices of violation; and

  • (b) establish, in respect of each violation, a short-form description to be used in notices of violation.

Proceedings

Marginal note:Issuance of notice of violation
  •  (1) If a person designated under paragraph 51(a) believes on reasonable grounds that a person has committed a violation, the designated person may issue, and shall provide the person with, a notice of violation that

    • (a) sets out the person’s name;

    • (b) identifies the alleged violation;

    • (c) sets out the penalty for the violation that the person is liable to pay;

    • (d) sets out the particulars concerning the time and manner of payment; and

    • (e) subject to the regulations, sets out a lesser amount that may be paid as complete satisfaction of the penalty if paid in the prescribed time and manner.

  • Marginal note:Summary of rights

    (2) A notice of violation must clearly summarize, in plain language, the rights and obligations under this section and sections 53 to 66 of the person named in it, including the right to have the acts or omissions that constitute the alleged violation or the amount of the penalty reviewed and the procedure for requesting that review.

Penalties

Marginal note:Payment
  •  (1) If the person named in the notice pays, in the prescribed time and manner, the amount of the penalty or, subject to the regulations, the lesser amount set out in a notice of violation that may be paid in lieu of the penalty,

    • (a) they are deemed to have committed the violation in respect of which the amount is paid;

    • (b) the Minister shall accept that amount as complete satisfaction of the penalty; and

    • (c) the proceedings commenced in respect of the violation under section 52 are ended.

  • Marginal note:Alternatives to payment

    (2) Instead of paying the penalty set out in a notice of violation or, if applicable, the lesser amount that may be paid in lieu of the penalty, the person named in the notice may, in the prescribed time and manner,

    • (a) if the penalty is $5,000 or more, request to enter into a compliance agreement with the Minister that ensures the person’s compliance with the order to which the violation relates; or

    • (b) request a review by the Minister of the acts or omissions that constitute the alleged violation or the amount of the penalty.

  • Marginal note:Deeming

    (3) If the person named in the notice of violation does not pay the penalty in the prescribed time and manner or, if applicable, the lesser amount that may be paid in lieu of the penalty, and does not exercise any right referred to in subsection (2) in the prescribed time and manner, they are deemed to have committed the violation identified in the notice.

 
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