Canada Shipping Act, 2001 (S.C. 2001, c. 26)

Act current to 2016-08-15 and last amended on 2015-02-26. Previous Versions

Liens and Claims

Marginal note:Liens
  •  (1) The master, and each crew member, of a Canadian vessel has a maritime lien against the vessel for claims that arise in respect of their employment on the vessel, including in respect of wages and costs of repatriation that are payable to the master or crew member under any law or custom.

  • Marginal note:Foreign liens

    (2) The master and each crew member of a vessel on whom a maritime lien against the vessel is conferred by a jurisdiction other than Canada in respect of employment on the vessel has a maritime lien against the vessel.

  • Marginal note:Liens for necessaries

    (2.1) The master of a Canadian vessel has a maritime lien against the vessel for claims that arise in respect of disbursements made or liabilities incurred by the master for necessaries on account of the vessel.

  • Marginal note:Claims

    (3) The master, and each crew member, of a vessel may maintain an action against the vessel in the Federal Court, or any court of competent jurisdiction whose rules provide for in rem procedure in respect of vessels, for claims in respect of which a lien is conferred by subsection (1), (2) or (2.1).

  • Marginal note:Priority

    (4) Liens conferred by subsection (1) or (2) rank in priority to all other claims, secured or unsecured, against the vessel, other than

    • (a) claims for costs relating to the arrest and the judicial sale of the vessel; or

    • (b) any lien arising from a claim for salvage in respect of the vessel.

  • Marginal note:Priority — liens for necessaries

    (5) Liens conferred by subsection (2.1) rank in priority to all other claims, secured or unsecured, against the vessel, other than

    • (a) liens conferred by subsection (1) or (2);

    • (b) claims for costs relating to the arrest and the judicial sale of the vessel; or

    • (c) any lien arising from a claim for salvage in respect of the vessel.

Certificates

Marginal note:Positions on board Canadian vessels

 Every person who is employed on board a Canadian vessel in a position in respect of which a certificate is required under this Part shall hold the certificate and comply with its terms and conditions.

Marginal note:Eligibility
  •  (1) Only a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident within the meaning of subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act may hold a certificate of competency that is issued under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Foreign certificates of competency

    (2) The Minister may, on application by a person described in subsection (1), issue a certificate of competency in respect of certain requirements under this Act to the holder of a certificate of competency that was issued under the laws of a foreign state if the Minister is satisfied that the requirements under those laws for the foreign certificate meet or exceed the requirements under this Act. Before issuing the certificate, the Minister may require that the holder take an examination set by the Minister.

  • 2001, c. 26, ss. 88, 323.
Marginal note:Acceptance of foreign certificates
  •  (1) If the government of a foreign state has entered into a reciprocal arrangement with the Government of Canada to accept certificates of competency issued under this Part in lieu of certificates of competency of that state and if the Minister is satisfied that the requirements under the laws of the foreign state for a certificate of competency meet or exceed the requirements under this Act, the Minister may direct, subject to any conditions that the Minister specifies, that the foreign certificate may be accepted in lieu of a certificate of competency issued under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Suspension or cancellation

    (2) A foreign certificate that is accepted under subsection (1) may, in so far only as concerns its validity in Canada, be suspended or cancelled by the Minister as though it were a Canadian maritime document, and the holder of any certificate so suspended or cancelled must deliver it to the Minister, who must then return it to the authority that issued it.

Medical or Optometric Information

Marginal note:Minister to be provided with information
  •  (1) If a physician or an optometrist believes on reasonable grounds that the holder of a certificate issued under this Part has a medical or optometric condition that is likely to constitute a hazard to maritime safety, the physician or optometrist shall inform the Minister without delay of that opinion and the reasons for it.

  • Marginal note:Patient to advise

    (2) The holder of a certificate issued under this Part in respect of which standards of medical or optometric fitness are required shall, before being examined by a physician or an optometrist, advise the physician or optometrist that they hold the certificate.

  • Marginal note:Use by Minister

    (3) The Minister may use any information provided under subsection (1) for the purpose of determining whether the holder of a certificate meets the requirements in respect of that certificate.

  • Marginal note:No proceedings shall lie

    (4) No legal, disciplinary or other proceedings lie against a physician or optometrist for anything they do in good faith in compliance with this section.

  • Marginal note:Deemed consent

    (5) The holder of a certificate is deemed, for the purposes of this section, to have consented to the Minister being informed under subsection (1) in the circumstances referred to in that subsection.

Articles of Agreement, Discharge and Record of Sea Service

Marginal note:Articles of agreement
  •  (1) The master of a vessel who is required by the regulations made under this Part to enter into articles of agreement shall

    • (a) ensure that every crew member has entered into and received articles of agreement, in the form and manner specified by the Minister, with respect to their position on the vessel; and

    • (b) display, in a location that is accessible to the crew, the provisions of the articles of agreement that are common to each crew member.

  • Marginal note:Information

    (2) The articles of agreement between the master and a crew member must state the surname and other names of the crew member, the respective rights and obligations of each of the parties and any other information required by the regulations made under this Part.

Marginal note:Discharge

 When a crew member of a Canadian vessel is discharged, the authorized representative shall provide the member with a certificate of discharge in the form and manner specified by the Minister.

Marginal note:Record of sea service
  •  (1) The authorized representative and every crew member of a Canadian vessel shall each maintain, in the form and manner and for the period specified by the Minister, a record of sea service of the member.

  • Marginal note:Copies to the Minister

    (2) On request, the authorized representative shall provide the Minister with a copy of, or an extract from, a crew member’s record of sea service.

Return of Crew Members

Marginal note:Return and payment of expenses
  •  (1) Subject to the regulations and except in the case of desertion or mutual agreement, if a crew member is left behind when a Canadian vessel sails or is shipwrecked, the authorized representative shall ensure that arrangements are made to return the crew member to the place where they first came on board or to another place to which they have agreed, and pay the expenses of returning the crew member as well as all expenses, including medical expenses, that the crew member reasonably incurs before being returned.

  • Marginal note:Exception if insurance

    (2) The authorized representative is not responsible to pay any expenses covered by insurance for which the authorized representative paid.

  • Marginal note:If authorized representative does not comply

    (3) If the authorized representative does not comply with subsection (1), the Minister may act in place of the authorized representative and any expenses incurred by the Minister constitute a debt due to Her Majesty in right of Canada by the authorized representative and may be recovered as such in a court of competent jurisdiction.

Marginal note:Desertion or serious violation of contract

 If a crew member deserts a Canadian vessel or has committed a serious violation of their contract of employment, the authorized representative or, if the authorized representative entered into an agreement with another person to provide the crew member, that person may return the crew member to the place where they first came on board or to another place on which they and the authorized representative or the other person, as the case may be, have agreed. The expenses of returning the crew member may be deducted from any remuneration due to them.

Births and Deaths

Marginal note:Informing the Minister

 The authorized representative of a Canadian vessel must, in the form and manner specified by the Minister, inform the Minister of every birth or death on board.

 
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