Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (S.C. 1999, c. 33)

Act current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2015-02-26. Previous Versions

Model Plans and Guidelines

Marginal note:Model plans

 For the purpose of providing guidance in the preparation of a pollution prevention plan, the Minister may publish in the Canada Gazette or in any other manner that the Minister considers appropriate a model pollution prevention plan or a notice stating where a copy of the plan may be obtained.

Marginal note:Guidelines
  •  (1) The Minister shall, with particular consideration of paragraph 2(1)(m), develop guidelines respecting the circumstances in which and the conditions under which pollution prevention planning is appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (2) In carrying out the duties under subsection (1), the Minister shall offer to consult with the government of a province and the members of the Committee who are representatives of aboriginal governments and may consult with a government department or agency, aboriginal people, representatives of industry and labour and municipal authorities or with persons interested in the quality of the environment.

  • Marginal note:Minister may act

    (3) At any time after the 60th day following the day on which the Minister offers to consult in accordance with subsection (2), the Minister may act under subsection (1) if the offer to consult is not accepted by the government of a province or members of the Committee who are representatives of aboriginal governments.

Other Initiatives

Marginal note:Information clearing-house
  •  (1) The Minister may, for the purposes of encouraging and facilitating pollution prevention, establish and maintain a national pollution prevention information clearing-house in order to collect, exchange and distribute information relating to pollution prevention.

  • Marginal note:Recognition program

    (2) The Minister may establish a program to publicly recognize significant achievements in the area of pollution prevention.

  • Marginal note:Cooperation with other bodies

    (3) The Minister may, in exercising the powers conferred by subsections (1) and (2), act alone or in cooperation with any government in Canada or government of a foreign state or any of its institutions or any person.



Marginal note:Toxic substances

 For the purposes of this Part and Part 6, except where the expression “inherently toxic” appears, a substance is toxic if it is entering or may enter the environment in a quantity or concentration or under conditions that

  • (a) have or may have an immediate or long-term harmful effect on the environment or its biological diversity;

  • (b) constitute or may constitute a danger to the environment on which life depends; or

  • (c) constitute or may constitute a danger in Canada to human life or health.

Definition of “virtual elimination”

  •  (1) In this Part, “virtual elimination” means, in respect of a toxic substance released into the environment as a result of human activity, the ultimate reduction of the quantity or concentration of the substance in the release below the level of quantification specified by the Ministers in the List referred to in subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Virtual Elimination List

    (2) The Ministers shall compile a list to be known as the Virtual Elimination List, and the List shall specify the level of quantification for each substance on the List.

  • Marginal note:Implementing virtual elimination

    (3) When the level of quantification for a substance has been specified on the List referred to in subsection (2), the Ministers shall prescribe the quantity or concentration of the substance that may be released into the environment either alone or in combination with any other substance from any source or type of source, and, in doing so, shall take into account any factor or information provided for in section 91, including, but not limited to, environmental or health risks and any other relevant social, economic or technical matters.