Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (S.C. 1999, c. 33)

Act current to 2016-05-12 and last amended on 2015-02-26. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Voluntary report
  •  (1) If a person knows about an environmental emergency but the person is not required to report the matter under this Act, the person may report any information about the environmental emergency to an enforcement officer or to a person designated by regulation or interim order.

  • Marginal note:Request for confidentiality

    (2) The person making the report may request that their identity and any information that could reasonably reveal their identity not be released.

  • Marginal note:Requirement of confidentiality

    (3) No person shall disclose, or have disclosed, the identity of the person making the request or any information that could reasonably be expected to reveal their identity unless the person making the request authorizes the disclosure in writing.

  • Marginal note:Employee protection

    (4) Despite any other Act of Parliament, no employer shall dismiss, suspend, demote, discipline, harass or otherwise disadvantage an employee, or deny an employee a benefit of employment, by reason that

    • (a) the employee has made a report under subsection (1);

    • (b) the employee, acting in good faith and on the basis of reasonable belief, has refused or stated an intention of refusing to do anything that is an offence under this Act; or

    • (c) the employee, acting in good faith and on the basis of reasonable belief, has done or stated an intention of doing anything that is required to be done by or under this Act.

  • 1999, c. 33, s. 202;
  • 2004, c. 15, s. 29.
Marginal note:Recovery of costs and expenses
  •  (1) Her Majesty in right of Canada may recover the costs and expenses of and incidental to taking any measures under subsection 201(4) from

    • (a) any person referred to in paragraph 201(2)(a); and

    • (b) any person referred to in paragraph 201(2)(b) to the extent of their negligence or wilful conduct in causing or contributing to the environmental emergency.

  • Marginal note:Reasonably incurred

    (2) The costs and expenses referred to in subsection (1) shall only be recovered to the extent that they can be established to have been reasonably incurred in the circumstances.

  • Marginal note:Liability

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), the persons referred to in subsection (1) are jointly and severally liable or solidarily liable for the costs and expenses referred to in that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (4) A person referred to in paragraph 201(2)(b) shall not be held liable under subsection (3) to an extent greater than the extent of their negligence or wilful conduct in causing or contributing to the environmental emergency.

  • Marginal note:Procedure

    (5) A claim under this section may be sued for and recovered by Her Majesty in right of Canada with costs in proceedings brought or taken therefor in the name of Her Majesty in right of Canada in any court of competent jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Recourse or indemnity

    (6) This section does not limit or restrict any right of recourse or indemnity that a person may have against any other person.

  • Marginal note:Limitation period

    (7) Where events giving rise to a claim under this section occur, no proceedings in respect of the claim may be instituted after five years from the date on which the events occur or become evident to the Minister, whichever is later.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s certificate

    (8) A document purporting to have been issued by the Minister certifying the day on which the events giving rise to a claim under this section came to the knowledge of the Minister shall be received in evidence and, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, the document shall be considered as proof of that fact without proof of the signature or of the official character of the person appearing to have signed the document and without further proof.

Marginal note:National notification and reporting system
  •  (1) The Minister may establish, in cooperation with the governments of the provinces and aboriginal governments and government departments or agencies, a national system for the notification and reporting of environmental emergencies.

  • Marginal note:Copies

    (2) Subject to section 314, any person may have access to and a copy of any information contained in the national system established under subsection (1).

Marginal note:Liability of owner of substance
  •  (1) Subject to this Part, the person who owns or has the charge, management or control of a substance immediately before an environmental emergency is liable

    • (a) for restoring any part of the environment damaged by or during the emergency;

    • (b) for costs and expenses incurred by a public department within the meaning of the Criminal Code or other public authority in Canada in respect of measures taken to prevent, repair, remedy or minimize the damage to the environment resulting from the emergency, including measures taken in anticipation of the environmental emergency, to the extent that the measures taken and the costs and expenses are reasonable, and for any loss or damage caused by such measures; and

    • (c) for costs and expenses incurred by the Minister in respect of measures taken to prevent, repair, remedy or minimize the environmental emergency to the extent that the measures taken and the costs and expenses are reasonable, and for any loss or damage caused by such measures.

  • Definition of public authority in Canada

    (2) In subsection (1), public authority in Canada means Her Majesty in right of a province, an aboriginal government or any other body designated by the Governor in Council for the purposes of that subsection as a public authority in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Strict liability subject to certain defences

    (3) The person’s liability under subsection (1) does not depend on proof of fault or negligence, but the owner is not liable under that subsection if the owner establishes that the environmental emergency

    • (a) resulted from an act of war, hostilities or insurrection or from a natural phenomenon of an exceptional, inevitable and irresistible character;

    • (b) was wholly caused by an act or omission of a third party with intent to cause damage; or

    • (c) was wholly caused by the negligence or other wrongful act of government, public department or public authority.

  • Marginal note:Reduced liability

    (4) Where the person who is liable under subsection (1) establishes that the environmental emergency resulted wholly or partially from

    • (a) an act or omission done by the person who suffered the damage with intent to cause damage, or

    • (b) the negligence or wilful conduct of that person,

    the liability of the person referred to in subsection (1) to that other person is reduced or nullified in proportion to the degree to which the environmental emergency resulted from the factors mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b).

  • Marginal note:Person’s rights against third parties preserved

    (5) Nothing in this Part shall be construed as limiting or restricting any right of recourse that the person who is liable under subsection (1) may have against any other person.

  • Marginal note:Person’s own claim for costs and expenses

    (6) Costs and expenses incurred by the person referred to in subsection (1) in respect of measures voluntarily taken to prevent, repair, remedy or minimize damage from the environmental emergency, including measures taken in anticipation of an environmental emergency, to the extent that the measures taken and the costs and expenses are reasonable, rank equally with other claims against any security given by that person in respect of that person’s liability under this section.

PART 9Government Operations and Federal and Aboriginal Land

Interpretation

Definition of regulations

 In this Part, regulations means regulations made under this Part.

Application

Marginal note:Application to Government, etc.
  •  (1) This Part applies to

    • (a) departments, boards and agencies of the Government of Canada;

    • (b) federal works and undertakings;

    • (c) aboriginal land, federal land, persons on that land and other persons in so far as their activities involve that land; and

    • (d) Crown corporations, as defined in subsection 83(1) of the Financial Administration Act.

  • Marginal note:Yukon

    (1.1) This Part does not apply to public real property under the administration and control of the Commissioner of Yukon pursuant to the Yukon Act.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) This Part does not restrict any of the following powers in so far as they may be exercised in relation to air and all layers of the atmosphere above federal land or aboriginal land:

    • (a) powers under the Aeronautics Act or a provision of any other Act of Parliament relating to aeronautics or air transportation; or

    • (b) powers under the National Defence Act or a provision of any other Act of Parliament relating to national defence and security.

  • 1999, c. 33, s. 207;
  • 2002, c. 7, s. 125.
 
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