Carriage by Air Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-26)

Act current to 2014-04-02 and last amended on 2003-11-04. Previous Versions

Carriage by Air Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. C-26

An Act to give effect to certain conventions for the unification of certain rules relating to international carriage by air

Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Carriage by Air Act.

  • R.S., c. C-14, s. 1.
Marginal note:Definition of “party”
  •  (1) In this Act, “party” includes a High Contracting Party, as defined in Article 40A of the Convention set out in Schedule I.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (2) For the purposes of this Act, any reference to “agent” in the English version of Schedule I shall be read as a reference to “servant or agent”.

  • 1999, c. 21, s. 1.
Marginal note:Implementing Conventions
  •  (1) Subject to this section, the provisions of the Convention set out in Schedule I and of the Convention set out in Schedule V, in so far as they relate to the rights and liabilities of carriers, carriers’ servants and agents, passengers, consignors, consignees and other persons, have the force of law in Canada in relation to any carriage by air to which the provisions apply, irrespective of the nationality of the aircraft performing that carriage.

  • Marginal note:Implementing amendments to Convention

    (2) Subject to this section, the provisions of the Convention set out in Schedule I, as amended by the Protocol set out in Schedule III or by the Protocols set out in Schedules III and IV, in so far as they relate to the rights and liabilities of carriers, carriers’ servants and agents, passengers, consignors, consignees and other persons, have the force of law in Canada in relation to any carriage by air to which the provisions apply, irrespective of the nationality of the aircraft performing that carriage.

  • Marginal note:Implementing Convention

    (2.1) Subject to this section, the provisions of the Convention set out in Schedule VI, in so far as they relate to the rights and liabilities of carriers, carriers' servants and agents, passengers, consignors, consignees and other persons, have the force of law in Canada in relation to any carriage by air to which the provisions apply, irrespective of the nationality of the aircraft performing that carriage.

  • Marginal note:Proclamation by Governor in Council

    (3) The Governor in Council may from time to time, by proclamation published in the Canada Gazette, certify who are the parties to any convention or protocol set out in a schedule to this Act, in respect of what territories they are respectively parties, to what extent they have availed themselves of the Additional Protocol to the Convention set out in Schedule I, which of those parties have made a declaration under the Protocol set out in Schedule III or IV and which of those parties have made a declaration under the Convention set out in Schedule VI.

  • Marginal note:Reference to territories

    (4) Any reference in Schedule I to the territory of any party shall be construed as a reference to the territories subject to its sovereignty, suzerainty, mandate or authority, in respect of which it is a party.

  • Marginal note:Liability under Convention for death of passenger

    (5) Any liability imposed by Article 17 of Schedule I or Article 17 of Schedule VI on a carrier in respect of the death of a passenger shall be in substitution for any liability of the carrier in respect of the death of that passenger under any law in force in Canada, and the provisions set out in Schedule II shall have effect with respect to the persons by whom and for whose benefit the liability so imposed is enforceable and with respect to the manner in which it may be enforced.

  • Marginal note:Damages in francs to be converted into dollars

    (6) Any sum in francs mentioned in Article 22 of Schedule I shall, for the purposes of any action against a carrier, be converted into Canadian dollars at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date on which the amount of any damage to be paid by the carrier is ascertained by a court.

  • Marginal note:Conversion of francs or SDRs into dollars

    (7) For the purposes of subsection (6), the Canadian dollar equivalents of francs or Special Drawing Rights, as defined in Article 22 of the Convention set out in Schedule I, are determined by

    • (a) converting francs into Special Drawing Rights at the rate of one Special Drawing Right for 15.075 francs; and

    • (b) converting Special Drawing Rights into Canadian dollars at the rate established by the International Monetary Fund.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-26, s. 2;
  • 1999, c. 21, s. 2;
  • 2001, c. 31, s. 2.