Citizenship Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-29)

Act current to 2014-06-12 and last amended on 2014-02-06. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Adoptees — minors
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), the Minister shall on application grant citizenship to a person who was adopted by a citizen on or after January 1, 1947 while the person was a minor child if the adoption

    • (a) was in the best interests of the child;

    • (b) created a genuine relationship of parent and child;

    • (c) was in accordance with the laws of the place where the adoption took place and the laws of the country of residence of the adopting citizen; and

    • (d) was not entered into primarily for the purpose of acquiring a status or privilege in relation to immigration or citizenship.

  • Marginal note:Adoptees — adults

    (2) Subject to subsection (3), the Minister shall on application grant citizenship to a person who was adopted by a citizen on or after January 1, 1947 while the person was at least 18 years of age if

    • (a) there was a genuine relationship of parent and child between the person and the adoptive parent before the person attained the age of 18 years and at the time of the adoption; and

    • (b) the adoption meets the requirements set out in paragraphs (1)(c) and (d).

  • Marginal note:Quebec adoptions

    (3) The Minister shall on application grant citizenship to a person in respect of whose adoption — by a citizen who is subject to Quebec law governing adoptions — a decision was made abroad on or after January 1, 1947 if

    • (a) the Quebec authority responsible for international adoptions advises, in writing, that in its opinion the adoption meets the requirements of Quebec law governing adoptions; and

    • (b) the adoption was not entered into primarily for the purpose of acquiring a status or privilege in relation to immigration or citizenship.

  • 2007, c. 24, s. 2;
  • 2008, c. 14, s. 13.
Marginal note:Rights and obligations

 A citizen, whether or not born in Canada, is entitled to all rights, powers and privileges and is subject to all obligations, duties and liabilities to which a person who is a citizen under paragraph 3(1)(a) is entitled or subject and has a like status to that of such person.

  • 1974-75-76, c. 108, s. 5.

PART IILOSS OF CITIZENSHIP

Marginal note:No loss except as provided

 A person who is a citizen shall not cease to be a citizen except in accordance with this Part or regulations made under paragraph 27(j.1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-29, s. 7;
  • 2008, c. 14, s. 5.

 [Repealed, 2008, c. 14, s. 6]