Competition Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-34)

Act current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2015-03-09. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Conspiracy relating to professional sport
  •  (1) Every one who conspires, combines, agrees or arranges with another person

    • (a) to limit unreasonably the opportunities for any other person to participate, as a player or competitor, in professional sport or to impose unreasonable terms or conditions on those persons who so participate, or

    • (b) to limit unreasonably the opportunity for any other person to negotiate with and, if agreement is reached, to play for the team or club of his choice in a professional league

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable on conviction to a fine in the discretion of the court or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both.

  • Marginal note:Matters to be considered

    (2) In determining whether or not an agreement or arrangement contravenes subsection (1), the court before which the contravention is alleged shall have regard to

    • (a) whether the sport in relation to which the contravention is alleged is organized on an international basis and, if so, whether any limitations, terms or conditions alleged should, for that reason, be accepted in Canada; and

    • (b) the desirability of maintaining a reasonable balance among the teams or clubs participating in the same league.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (3) This section applies, and section 45 does not apply, to agreements and arrangements and to provisions of agreements and arrangements between or among teams and clubs engaged in professional sport as members of the same league and between or among directors, officers or employees of those teams and clubs where the agreements, arrangements and provisions relate exclusively to matters described in subsection (1) or to the granting and operation of franchises in the league, and section 45 applies and this section does not apply to all other agreements, arrangements and provisions thereof between or among those teams, clubs and persons.

  • 1974-75-76, c. 76, s. 15.
Marginal note:Agreements or arrangements of federal financial institutions
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every federal financial institution that makes an agreement or arrangement with another federal financial institution with respect to

    • (a) the rate of interest on a deposit,

    • (b) the rate of interest or the charges on a loan,

    • (c) the amount or kind of any charge for a service provided to a customer,

    • (d) the amount or kind of a loan to a customer,

    • (e) the kind of service to be provided to a customer, or

    • (f) the person or classes of persons to whom a loan or other service will be made or provided or from whom a loan or other service will be withheld,

    and every director, officer or employee of the federal financial institution who knowingly makes such an agreement or arrangement on behalf of the federal financial institution is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to a fine not exceeding ten million dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to both.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of an agreement or arrangement

    • (a) with respect to a deposit or loan made or payable outside Canada;

    • (b) applicable only in respect of the dealings of or the services rendered between federal financial institutions or by two or more federal financial institutions as regards a customer of each of those federal financial institutions where the customer has knowledge of the agreement or by a federal financial institution as regards a customer thereof, on behalf of that customer’s customers;

    • (c) with respect to a bid for or purchase, sale or underwriting of securities by federal financial institutions or a group including federal financial institutions;

    • (d) with respect to the exchange of statistics and credit information, the development and utilization of systems, forms, methods, procedures and standards, the utilization of common facilities and joint research and development in connection therewith, and the restriction of advertising;

    • (e) with respect to reasonable terms and conditions of participation in guaranteed or insured loan programs authorized pursuant to an Act of Parliament or of the legislature of a province;

    • (f) with respect to the amount of any charge for a service or with respect to the kind of service provided to a customer outside Canada, payable or performed outside Canada, or payable or performed in Canada on behalf of a person who is outside Canada;

    • (g) with respect to the persons or classes of persons to whom a loan or other service will be made or provided outside Canada;

    • (h) in respect of which the Minister of Finance has certified to the Commissioner that Minister’s request for or approval of the agreement or arrangement for the purposes of financial policy and has certified the names of the parties to the agreement or arrangement; or

    • (i) that is entered into only by financial institutions each of which is an affiliate of each of the others.

  • Definition of “federal financial institution”

    (3) In this section and section 45, “federal financial institution” means a bank or an authorized foreign bank within the meaning of section 2 of the Bank Act, a company to which the Trust and Loan Companies Act applies or a company or society to which the Insurance Companies Act applies.

  • Marginal note:Where proceedings commenced under section 76, 79, 90.1 or 92

    (4) No proceedings may be commenced under this section against a person on the basis of facts that are the same or substantially the same as the facts on the basis of which an order against that person is sought by the Commissioner under section 76, 79, 90.1 or 92.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-34, s. 49;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 19 (2nd Supp.), s. 34;
  • 1991, c. 45, s. 548, c. 46, ss. 591, 593, c. 47, s. 715;
  • 1993, c. 34, s. 51;
  • 1999, c. 2, s. 37, c. 28, s. 153, c. 31, s. 49(F);
  • 2009, c. 2, s. 412.