Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (S.C. 1996, c. 19)

Act current to 2014-06-12 and last amended on 2012-11-06. Previous Versions

SCHEDULE I(Sections 2 to 7, 29, 55 and 60)

  • 1. 
    Opium Poppy (Papaver somniferum), its preparations, derivatives, alkaloids and salts, including:
    • (1) 
      Opium
    • (2) 
      Codeine (methylmorphine)
    • (3) 
      Morphine (7,8–didehydro–4,5–epoxy–17–methylmorphinan–3,6–diol)
    • (4) 
      Thebaine (paramorphine)

    and the salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives of the substances set out in subitems (1) to (4), including:

    • (5) 
      Acetorphine (acetyletorphine)
    • (6) 
      Acetyldihydrocodeine (4,5–epoxy–3–methoxy–17–methylmorphinan–6–ol acetate)
    • (7) 
      Benzylmorphine (7,8–didehydro–4,5–epoxy–17–methyl–3–(phenylmethoxy) morphinan–6–ol)
    • (8) 
      Codoxime (dihydrocodeinone O–(carboxymethyl) oxime)
    • (9) 
      Desomorphine (dihydrodeoxymorphine)
    • (10) 
      Diacetylmorphine (heroin)
    • (11) 
      Dihydrocodeine (4,5–epoxy–3–methoxy–17–methylmorphinan–6–ol)
    • (12) 
      Dihydromorphine (4,5–epoxy–17–methylmorphinan–3,6–diol)
    • (13) 
      Ethylmorphine (7,8–didehydro–4,5–epoxy–3–ethoxy–17–methylmorphinan–6–ol)
    • (14) 
      Etorphine (tetrahydro–7α–(1–hydroxy–1–methyl-butyl)–6,14–endo–ethenooripavine)
    • (15) 
      Hydrocodone (dihydrocodeinone)
    • (16) 
      Hydromorphinol (dihydro–14–hydroxymorphine)
    • (17) 
      Hydromorphone (dihydromorphinone)
    • (18) 
      Methyldesorphine (Δ6–deoxy–6–methylmorphine)
    • (19) 
      Methyldihydromorphine (dihydro–6–methylmorphine)
    • (20) 
      Metopon (dihydromethylmorphinone)
    • (21) 
      Morphine–N–oxide (morphine oxide)
    • (22) 
      Myrophine (benzylmorphine myristate)
    • (23) 
      Nalorphine (N–allylnormorphine)
    • (24) 
      Nicocodine (6–nicotinylcodeine)
    • (25) 
      Nicomorphine (dinicotinylmorphine)
    • (26) 
      Norcodeine (N–desmethylcodeine)
    • (27) 
      Normorphine (N–desmethylmorphine)
    • (28) 
      Oxycodone (dihydrohydroxycodeinone)
    • (29) 
      Oxymorphone (dihydrohydroxymorphinone)
    • (30) 
      Pholcodine (3–[2–(4–morpholinyl)ethyl]morphine)
    • (31) 
      Thebacon (acetyldihydrocodeinone)

    but not including

    • (32) 
      Apomorphine (5,6,6a,7–tetrahydro–6–methyl–4H–dibenzo[de,g]quinoline–10,11–diol)
    • (33) 
      Cyprenorphine (N–(cyclopropylmethyl)–6,7,8,14–tetrahydro–7α–(1–hydroxy–1–methylethyl)–6,14–endo–ethenonororipavine)
    • (34) 
      Nalmefene (17-(cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5α-epoxy-6-methylenemorphinan-3,14-diol)
    • (34.1) 
      Naloxone (4,5α-epoxy-3,14-dihydroxy-17-(2-propenyl)morphinan-6-one)
    • (34.2) 
      Naltrexone (17-(cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5α-epoxy-3,14-dihydroxymorphinan-6-one)
    • (35) 
      Narcotine (6,7–dimethoxy–3–(5,6,7,8–tetra-hydro–4–methoxy–6–methyl–1,3–dioxolos [4,5–g]isoquinolin–5–yl)–1(3H)–isobenzofuranone)
    • (36) 
      Papaverine (1–[(3,4–dimethoxyphenyl)methyl]–6,7–dimethoxyisoquinoline)
    • (37) 
      Poppy seed
  • 2. 
    Coca (Erythroxylon), its preparations, derivatives, alkaloids and salts, including:
    • (1) 
      Coca leaves
    • (2) 
      Cocaine (benzoylmethylecgonine)
    • (3) 
      Ecgonine (3–hydroxy–2–tropane carboxylic acid)
  • 3. 
    Phenylpiperidines, their intermediates, salts, derivatives and analogues and salts of intermediates, derivatives and analogues, including:
    • (1) 
      Allylprodine (3–allyl–1–methyl–4–phenyl–4–piperidinol propionate)
    • (2) 
      Alphameprodine (α–3–ethyl–1–methyl–4–phenyl–4–piperidinol propionate)
    • (3) 
      Alphaprodine (α–1,3–dimethyl–4–phenyl–4–piperidinol propionate)
    • (4) 
      Anileridine (ethyl 1–[2–(p–aminophenyl)ethyl]–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (5) 
      Betameprodine (ß–3–ethyl–1–methyl–4–phenyl–4–piperidinol propionate)
    • (6) 
      Betaprodine (ß–1,3–dimethyl–4–phenyl–4–piperidinol propionate)
    • (7) 
      Benzethidine (ethyl 1–(2–benzyloxyethyl)–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (8) 
      Diphenoxylate (ethyl 1–(3–cyano–3,3–diphenylpropyl)–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (9) 
      Difenoxin (1–(3–cyano–3,3–diphenylpropyl)–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (10) 
      Etoxeridine (ethyl 1–[2–(2–hydroxyethoxy) ethyl]–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (11) 
      Furethidine (ethyl 1–(2–tetrahydrofurfury loxyethyl)–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (12) 
      Hydroxypethidine (ethyl 4–(m–hydroxyphenyl)–1–methylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (13) 
      Ketobemidone (1–[4–(m–hydroxyphenyl)–1–methyl–4–piperidyl]–1–propanone)
    • (14) 
      Methylphenylisonipecotonitrile (4–cyano–1–methyl–4–phenylpiperidine)
    • (15) 
      Morpheridine (ethyl 1–(2–morpholinoethyl)–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (16) 
      Norpethidine (ethyl 4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (17) 
      Pethidine (ethyl 1–methyl–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (18) 
      Phenoperidine (ethyl 1–(3–hydroxy–3–phenylpropyl)–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (19) 
      Piminodine (ethyl 1–[3–(phenylamino)propyl]–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (20) 
      Properidine (isopropyl 1–methyl–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (21) 
      Trimeperidine (1,2,5–trimethyl–4–phenyl–4–piperidinol propionate)
    • (22) 
      Pethidine Intermediate C (1–methyl–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)

    but not including

    • (23) 
      Carbamethidine (ethyl 1–(2–carbamylethyl)–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
    • (24) 
      Oxpheneridine (ethyl 1–(2–hydroxy–2–phenylethyl)–4–phenylpiperidine–4–carboxylate)
  • 4. 
    Phenazepines, their salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives including:
    • (1) 
      Proheptazine (hexahydro–1,3–dimethyl–4–phenyl–1H–azepin–4–ol propionate)

    but not including

    • (2) 
      Ethoheptazine (ethyl hexahydro–1–methyl–4–phenyl–azepine–4–carboxylate)
    • (3) 
      Metethoheptazine (ethyl hexahydro–1,3–dimethyl–4–phenylazepine–4–carboxylate)
    • (4) 
      Metheptazine (ethyl hexahydro–1,2–dimethyl–4–phenylazepine–4–carboxylate)
  • 5. 
    Amidones, their intermediates, salts, derivatives and salts of intermediates and derivatives including:
    • (1) 
      Dimethylaminodiphenylbutanonitrile (4–cyano–2–dimethylamino–4,4–diphenylbutane)
    • (2) 
      Dipipanone (4,4–diphenyl–6–piperidino–3–heptanone)
    • (3) 
      Isomethadone (6–dimethylamino–5–methyl–4,4–diphenyl–3–hexanone)
    • (4) 
      Methadone (6–dimethylamino–4,4–diphenyl–3–heptanone)
    • (5) 
      Normethadone (6–dimethylamino–4,4–diphenyl–3–hexanone)
    • (6) 
      Norpipanone (4,4–diphenyl–6–piperidino–3–hexanone)
    • (7) 
      Phenadoxone (6–morpholino–4,4–diphenyl–3–heptanone)
  • 6. 
    Methadols, their salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives including:
    • (1) 
      Acetylmethadol (6–dimethylamino–4,4–diphenyl–3–heptanol acetate)
    • (2) 
      Alphacetylmethadol (α–6–dimethylamino–4,4–diphenyl–3–heptanol acetate)
    • (3) 
      Alphamethadol (α–6–dimethylamino–4,4–diphenyl–3–heptanol)
    • (4) 
      Betacetylmethadol (ß–6–dimethylamino–4,4–diphenyl–3–heptanol acetate)
    • (5) 
      Betamethadol (ß–6–dimethylamino–4,4–diphenyl–3–heptanol)
    • (6) 
      Dimepheptanol (6–dimethylamino–4,4–diphenyl–3–heptanol)
    • (7) 
      Noracymethadol (α–6–methylamino–4,4–diphenyl–3–heptanol acetate)
  • 7. 
    Phenalkoxams, their salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives including:
    • (1) 
      Dimenoxadol (dimethylaminoethyl 1–ethoxy–1,1–diphenylacetate)
    • (2) 
      Dioxaphetyl butyrate (ethyl 2,2–diphenyl–4–morpholinobutyrate)
    • (3) 
      Dextropropoxyphene ([S–(R*,S*)]–α–[2–(dimethylamino)–1–methylethyl]–α–phenylbenzeneethanol, propanoate ester)
  • 8. 
    Thiambutenes, their salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives including:
    • (1) 
      Diethylthiambutene (N,N–diethyl–1–methyl–3,3–di–2–thienylallylamine)
    • (2) 
      Dimethylthiambutene (N,N,1–trimethyl–3,3–di–2–thienylallylamine)
    • (3) 
      Ethylmethylthiambutene (N–ethyl–N,1–dimethyl–3,3–di–2–thienylallylamine)
  • 9. 
    Moramides, their intermediates, salts, derivatives and salts of intermediates and derivatives including:
    • (1) 
      Dextromoramide (d–1–(3–methyl–4–morpholino–2,2–diphenylbutyryl)pyrrolidine)
    • (2) 
      Diphenylmorpholinoisovaleric acid (2–methyl–3–morpholino–1,1–diphenylpropionic acid)
    • (3) 
      Levomoramide (l–1–(3–methyl–4–morpholino–2,2–diphenylbutyryl)pyrrolidine)
    • (4) 
      Racemoramide (d,l–1–(3–methyl–4–morpholino–2,2–diphenylbutyryl) pyrrolidine)
  • 10. 
    Morphinans, their salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives including:
    • (1) 
      Buprenorphine (17–(cyclopropylmethyl)–α–(1,1–dimethylethyl)–4,5–epoxy–18,19–dihydro–3–hydroxy–6–methoxy–α–methyl–6,14–ethenomorphinan–7–methanol)
    • (2) 
      Drotebanol (6ß,14–dihydroxy–3,4–dimethoxy–17–methylmorphinan)
    • (3) 
      Levomethorphan (l–3–methoxy–17–methylmorphinan)
    • (4) 
      Levorphanol (l–3–hydroxy–17–methylmorphinan)
    • (5) 
      Levophenacylmorphan (l–3–hydroxy–17–phenacylmorphinan)
    • (6) 
      Norlevorphanol (l–3–hydroxymorphinan)
    • (7) 
      Phenomorphan (3–hydroxy–17–(2–phenylethyl)morphinan)
    • (8) 
      Racemethorphan (d,1–3–methoxy–17–methylmorphinan)
    • (9) 
      Racemorphan (d,l–3–hydroxy–N–methylmorphinan)

    but not including

    • (10) 
      Dextromethorphan (d–1,2,3,9,10,10a–hexahydro–6–methoxy–11–methyl–4H–10,4a–iminoethano–phenanthren)
    • (11) 
      Dextrorphan (d–1,2,3,9,10,10a–hexahydro–11–methyl–4H–10,4a–iminoethanophenanthren–6–ol)
    • (12) 
      Levallorphan (l–11–allyl–1,2,3,9,10,10a–hexahydro–4H–10,4a–iminoethanophenanthren–6–ol)
    • (13) 
      Levargorphan (l–11–propargyl–1,2,3,9,10,10a–hexahydro–4H–10,4a–iminoethanophenanthren–6–ol)
    • (14) 
      Butorphanol (17–(cyclobutylmethyl)morphinan–3,14–diol)
    • (15) 
      Nalbuphine (17–(cyclobutylmethyl)–4,5α–epoxymorphinan–3,6α, 14–triol)
  • 11. 
    Benzazocines, their salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives including:
    • (1) 
      Phenazocine (1,2,3,4,5,6–hexahydro–6,11–dimethyl–3–phenethyl–2,6–methano–3–benzazocin–8–ol)
    • (2) 
      Metazocine (1,2,3,4,5,6–hexahydro–3,6,11–trimethyl–2,6–methano–3–benzazocin–8–ol)
    • (3) 
      Pentazocine (1,2,3,4,5,6–hexahydro–6,11–dimethyl–3–(3–methyl–2–butenyl)–2,6–methano–3–benzazocin–8–ol)

    but not including

    • (4) 
      Cyclazocine (1,2,3,4,5,6–hexahydro–6,11–dimethyl–3–(cyclopropylmethyl)–2,6–methano–3–benzazocin–8–ol)
  • 12. 
    Ampromides, their salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives including:
    • (1) 
      Diampromide (N–[2–(methylphenethylamino)propyl] propionanilide)
    • (2) 
      Phenampromide (N–(1–methyl–2–piperidino) ethyl) propionanilide)
    • (3) 
      Propiram (N–(1–methyl–2–piperidinoethyl)–N–2–pyridylpropionamide)
  • 13. 
    Benzimidazoles, their salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives including:
    • (1) 
      Clonitazene (2–(p–chlorobenzyl)–1–diethylaminoethyl–5–nitrobenzimidazole)
    • (2) 
      Etonitazene (2–(p–ethoxybenzyl)–1–diethylaminoethyl–5–nitrobenzimidazole)
    • (3) 
      Bezitramide (1–(3–cyano–3,3–diphenylpropyl)–4–(2–oxo–3–propionyl–1–benzimidazolinyl)–piperidine)
  • 14. 
    Phencyclidine (1-(1-phenylcyclohexyl)piperidine), its salts, derivatives and analogues and salts of derivatives and analogues, including:
    • (1) 
      Ketamine (2-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino)cyclohexanone)
  • 15. 
    Piritramide (1–(3–cyano–3,3–diphenylpropyl)–4–(1–piperidino)piperidine–4–carboxylic acid amide), its salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives
  • 16. 
    Fentanyls, their salts, derivatives, and analogues and salts of derivatives and analogues, including:
    • (1) 
      Acetyl–α–methylfentanyl (N–[1–(α–methylphenethyl)–4–piperidyl] acetanilide)
    • (2) 
      Alfentanil (N–[1–[2–(4–ethyl–4,5–dihydro–5–oxo–1H–tetrazol–1–yl)ethyl]–4–(methoxymethyl)–4–piperidyl]propionanilide)
    • (3) 
      Carfentanil (methyl 4–[(1–oxopropyl)phenylamino]–1–(2–phenethyl)–4–piperidinecarboxylate)
    • (4) 
      p–Fluorofentanyl (4′fluoro–N–(1–phenethyl–4–piperidyl) propionanilide)
    • (5) 
      Fentanyl (N–(1–phenethyl–4–piperidyl) propionanilide)
    • (6) 
      ß–Hydroxyfentanyl (N–[1–(ß–hydroxyphenethyl)–4–piperidyl] propionanilide)
    • (7) 
      ß–Hydroxy–3–methylfentanyl (N–[1–(ß–hydroxyphenethyl)–3–methyl–4–piperidyl] propionanilide)
    • (8) 
      α–Methylfentanyl (N–[1–(α–methylphenethyl)–4–piperidyl] propionanilide)
    • (9) 
      α–Methylthiofentanyl (N–[1–[1–methyl–2–(2–thienyl) ethyl]–4–piperidyl] propionanilide)
    • (10) 
      3–Methylfentanyl (N–(3–methyl–1–phenethyl–4–piperidyl) propionanilide)
    • (11) 
      3–Methylthiofentanyl (N–[3–methyl–1–[2–(2–thienyl) ethyl]–4–piperidyl] propionanilide)
    • (11.1) 
      Remifentanil (dimethyl 4-carboxy-4-(N-phenylpropionamido)-1-piperidinepropionate)
    • (12) 
      Sufentanil (N–[4–(methoxymethyl)–1–[2–(2–thienyl)ethyl]–4–piperidyl] propionanilide)
    • (13) 
      Thiofentanyl (N–[1–[2–(2–thienyl)ethyl]–4–piperidyl] propionanilide)
  • 17. 
    Tilidine (ethyl2–(dimethylamino)–1–phenyl–3–cyclohexene–1–carboxylate), its salts, derivatives and salts of derivatives
  • 17.1 
    Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV), its salts, derivatives, isomers and analogues and salts of derivatives, isomers and analogues
  • 18. 
    Methamphetamine (N,α-dimethylbenzeneethanamine), its salts, derivatives, isomers and analogues and salts of derivatives, isomers and analogues
  • 19. 
    Amphetamines, their salts, derivatives, isomers and analogues and salts of derivatives, isomers and analogues including:
    • (1) 
      amphetamine (α-methylbenzene-ethanamine)
    • (2) 
      N-ethylamphetamine (N-ethyl-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
    • (3) 
      4-methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (STP) (2,5-dimethoxy-4,α-dimethylbenzeneethanamine)
    • (4) 
      3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) (α-methyl-1,3-benzodioxole-5-ethanamine)
    • (5) 
      2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (2,5-dimethoxy-α-methylbenzene-ethanamine)
    • (6) 
      4-methoxyamphetamine (4-methoxy-α-methylbenzene­ethanamine)
    • (7) 
      2,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine (2,4,5-trimethoxy-α-methylbenzene­ethanamine)
    • (8) 
      N-methyl-3,4-methylenedioxy- amphetamine (N,α-dimethyl-1,3-benzodioxole-5-ethanamine)
    • (9) 
      4-ethoxy-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (4-ethoxy-2,5-dimethoxy-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
    • (10) 
      5-methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxy- amphetamine (7-methoxy-α-methyl-1,3-benzo­dioxole-5-ethanamine)
    • (11) 
      N,N-dimethyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (N,N, α-trimethyl-1,3-benzodioxole-5-ethanamine)
    • (12) 
      N-ethyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (N-ethyl-α-methyl-1,3-benzo­dioxole-5-ethanamine)
    • (13) 
      4-ethyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOET) (4-ethyl-2,5-dimethoxy-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
    • (14) 
      4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxy-α-methylbenzeneethanamine)
    • (15) 
      4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (4-chloro-2,5-dimethoxy-α-methyl-benzeneethanamine)
    • (16) 
      4-ethoxyamphetamine (4-ethoxy-α-methylbenzene­ethanamine)
    • (17) 
      Benzphetamine (N-benzyl-N,α-dimethylbenzene­ethanamine)
    • (18) 
      N-Propyl-3,4-methylenedioxy- amphetamine (α-methyl-N-propyl-1,3-benzo­dioxole-5-ethanamine)
    • (19) 
      N-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-α-meth-ylbenzene­ethanamine
    • (20) 
      N-hydroxy-3,4-methylenedioxy- amphetamine (N-[α-methyl-3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenethyl]hydroxyla­mine)
    • (21) 
      3,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine (3,4,5-trimethoxy-α-methylbenzene­ethanamine)
  • 20. 
    Flunitrazepam (5-(o-fluorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one) and any of its salts or derivatives
  • 21. 
    4-hydroxybutanoic acid (GHB) and any of its salts
  • 1996, c. 19, Sch. I;
  • SOR/97-230, ss. 1 to 6;
  • SOR/99-371, ss. 1, 2;
  • SOR/99-421, s. 1(E);
  • SOR/2005-235, s. 1;
  • SOR/2005-271, 337;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 44;
  • SOR/2012-176.