Corrections and Conditional Release Act (S.C. 1992, c. 20)

Act current to 2016-04-12 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Urine sample positive or not provided

 If an offender has been granted parole under section 122 or 123 but has not yet been released and the offender fails or refuses to provide a urine sample when demanded to provide one under section 54, or provides under that section a urine sample for which the result of the urinalysis is positive, as that term is defined in the regulations, then the Service shall inform the Board of the failure or refusal or the test result.

  • 2015, c. 30, s. 2.
Marginal note:Offenders unlawfully at large
  •  (1) The Board is not required to review the case of an offender who is unlawfully at large during the period prescribed by the regulations for a review under section 122 or 123 but it shall review the case as soon as possible after being informed of the offender’s return to custody.

  • Marginal note:Timing of release

    (2) Where an offender is granted parole but no date is fixed for the offender’s release, the parole shall take effect, and the offender shall be released, forthwith after such period as is necessary to implement the decision to grant parole.

  • Marginal note:Cancellation of parole

    (3) If an offender has been granted parole under section 122 or 123, the Board may, after a review of the case based on information that could not reasonably have been provided to it at the time parole was granted, cancel the parole if the offender has not been released or terminate the parole if the offender has been released.

  • Marginal note:Cancellation of parole — drug test

    (3.1) If the Board is informed of the matters under section 123.1 and the offender has still not yet been released, the Board shall can- cel the parole if, in its opinion, based on the information received under that section, the criteria set out in paragraphs 102(a) and (b) are no longer met.

  • Marginal note:Review

    (4) If the Board exercises its power under subsection (3), it shall, within the period prescribed by the regulations, review its decision and either confirm or cancel it.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 124;
  • 1995, c. 42, s. 38;
  • 2011, c. 11, s. 4;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 80, c. 19, s. 526;
  • 2015, c. 30, s. 3.

 [Repealed, 2011, c. 11, s. 5]

 [Repealed, 2011, c. 11, s. 5]

 [Repealed, 2011, c. 11, s. 5]

Statutory Release

Marginal note:Entitlement
  •  (1) Subject to any provision of this Act, an offender sentenced, committed or transferred to penitentiary is entitled to be released on the date determined in accordance with this section and to remain at large until the expiration of the sentence according to law.

  • Marginal note:Sentence for past offences

    (2) Subject to this section, the statutory release date of an offender sentenced before November 1, 1992 to imprisonment for one or more offences shall be determined by crediting against the sentence

    • (a) any remission, statutory or earned, standing to the offender’s credit on that day; and

    • (b) the maximum remission that could have been earned on the balance of the sentence pursuant to the Penitentiary Act or the Prisons and Reformatories Act, as those Acts read immediately before that day.

  • Marginal note:Sentence for future offences

    (3) Subject to this section, the statutory release date of an offender sentenced on or after November 1, 1992 to imprisonment for one or more offences is the day on which the offender completes two thirds of the sentence.

  • Marginal note:Sentences for past and future offences

    (4) Subject to this section, the statutory release date of an offender sentenced before November 1, 1992 to imprisonment for one or more offences and sentenced on or after November 1, 1992 to imprisonment for one or more offences is the later of the dates determined in accordance with subsections (2) and (3).

  • Marginal note:If parole or statutory release revoked

    (5) Subject to subsections 130(4) and (6), the statutory release date of an offender whose parole or statutory release is revoked is

    • (a) the day on which they have served two thirds of the unexpired portion of the sentence after being recommitted to custody as a result of a suspension or revocation under section 135; or

    • (b) if an additional sentence is imposed after the offender is recommitted to custody as a result of a suspension or revocation under section 135, the day on which they have served two thirds of the portion of the sentence — including the additional sentence — that begins on the day on which they are recommitted and ends on the day on which the sentence expires.

  • Marginal note:If additional sentence

    (5.1) If an offender receives an additional sentence for an offence under an Act of Parliament and their parole or statutory release is not revoked, their statutory release date is the day on which they have served, from the earlier of the day on which they are recommitted to custody as a result of the suspension of their parole or statutory release and the day on which they are recommitted to custody as a result of the additional sentence,

    • (a) any time remaining before the statutory release date in respect of the sentence they are serving when the additional sentence is imposed; and

    • (b) two thirds of the period that equals the difference between the length of the sentence that includes the additional sentence and the length of the sentence that they are serving when the additional sentence is imposed.

  • Marginal note:Failure to earn and forfeiture of remission

    (6) Where an offender receives a sentence to be served in a provincial correctional facility and fails to earn or forfeits any remission under the Prisons and Reformatories Act and is transferred to penitentiary, otherwise than pursuant to an agreement entered into under paragraph 16(1)(b), the offender is not entitled to be released until the day on which the offender has served

    • (a) the period of imprisonment that the offender would have been required to serve under this section if the offender had not failed to earn or had not forfeited the remission; and

    • (b) the period of imprisonment equal to the remission that the offender failed to earn or forfeited and that was not recredited under that Act.

  • Marginal note:Supervision after release

    (7) An offender sentenced, committed or transferred (otherwise than pursuant to an agreement entered into under subsection 16(1)) to penitentiary on or after August 1, 1970 who is released on statutory release is subject to supervision in accordance with this Act, but no other offender released under this section is subject to supervision.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 127;
  • 1995, c. 42, s. 41;
  • 1999, c. 31, s. 66(E);
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 81.
Marginal note:Youth Criminal Justice Act

 Subject to this Act, a young person in respect of whom a youth sentence is imposed under paragraph 42(2)(n), (o), (q) or (r) of the Youth Criminal Justice Act and who is transferred to a penitentiary under subsection 89(2), 92(2) or 93(2) of that Act is entitled to be released from the penitentiary by virtue of statutory release on the day on which the custodial portion of their youth sentence would have expired.

  • 2012, c. 1, s. 82.

Effect of Parole, Statutory Release or Unescorted Temporary Absence

Marginal note:Continuation of sentence
  •  (1) An offender who is released on parole, statutory release or unescorted temporary absence continues, while entitled to be at large, to serve the sentence until its expiration according to law.

  • Marginal note:Freedom to be at large

    (2) Except to the extent required by the conditions of any day parole, an offender who is released on parole, statutory release or unescorted temporary absence is entitled, subject to this Part, to remain at large in accordance with the conditions of the parole, statutory release or unescorted temporary absence and is not liable to be returned to custody by reason of the sentence unless the parole, statutory release or unescorted temporary absence is suspended, cancelled, terminated or revoked.

  • Marginal note:Sentence deemed to be completed

    (3) Despite subsection (1), for the purposes of paragraph 50(b) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and section 64 of the Extradition Act, the sentence of an offender who has been released on parole, statutory release or an unescorted temporary absence is deemed to be completed unless the parole or statutory release has been suspended, terminated or revoked, the unescorted temporary absence is suspended or cancelled or the offender has returned to Canada before the expiration of the sentence according to law.

  • Marginal note:Removal order

    (4) Despite this Act, the Prisons and Reformatories Act and the Criminal Code, an offender against whom a removal order has been made under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act is not eligible for day parole or an unescorted temporary absence until they are eligible for full parole.

  • Marginal note:Parole inoperative where parole eligibility date in future

    (5) If, before the full parole eligibility date, a removal order is made under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act against an offender who has received day parole or an unescorted temporary absence, on the day that the removal order is made, the day parole or unescorted temporary absence becomes inoperative and the offender shall be reincarcerated.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (6) An offender referred to in subsection (4) is eligible for day parole or an unescorted temporary absence if the removal order is stayed under paragraph 50(a), 66(b) or 114(1)(b) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (7) Where the removal order of an offender referred to in subsection (5) is stayed under paragraph 50(a), 66(b) or 114(1)(b) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act on a day prior to the full parole eligibility of the offender, the unescorted temporary absence or day parole of that offender is resumed as of the day of the stay.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 128;
  • 1995, c. 42, ss. 42, 69(E), 71(F);
  • 1999, c. 18, s. 87;
  • 2001, c. 27, s. 242;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 83.
 
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