Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (S.C. 1998, c. 34)

Act current to 2014-08-05 and last amended on 2013-06-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Accounting
  •  (1) Every person commits an offence who, for the purpose of bribing a foreign public official in order to obtain or retain an advantage in the course of business or for the purpose of hiding that bribery,

    • (a) establishes or maintains accounts which do not appear in any of the books and records that they are required to keep in accordance with applicable accounting and auditing standards;

    • (b) makes transactions that are not recorded in those books and records or that are inadequately identified in them;

    • (c) records non-existent expenditures in those books and records;

    • (d) enters liabilities with incorrect identification of their object in those books and records;

    • (e) knowingly uses false documents; or

    • (f) intentionally destroys accounting books and records earlier than permitted by law.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every person who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 14 years.

  • 1998, c. 34, s. 4;
  • 2001, c. 32, s. 58;
  • 2013, c. 26, s. 4.
Marginal note:Offence committed outside Canada
  •  (1) Every person who commits an act or omission outside Canada that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an offence under section 3 or 4 — or a conspiracy to commit, an attempt to commit, being an accessory after the fact in relation to, or any counselling in relation to, an offence under that section — is deemed to have committed that act or omission in Canada if the person is

    • (a) a Canadian citizen;

    • (b) a permanent resident as defined in subsection 2(1) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act who, after the commission of the act or omission, is present in Canada; or

    • (c) a public body, corporation, society, company, firm or partnership that is incorporated, formed or otherwise organized under the laws of Canada or a province.

  • Marginal note:Jurisdiction

    (2) If a person is alleged to have committed an act or omission that is deemed to have been committed in Canada under subsection (1), proceedings for an offence in respect of that act or omission may, whether or not that person is in Canada, be commenced in any territorial division in Canada. The person may be tried and punished for that offence as if the offence had been committed in that territorial division.

  • Marginal note:Appearance of accused at trial

    (3) For greater certainty, the provisions of the Criminal Code relating to the requirements that an accused appear at and be present during proceedings and the exceptions to those requirements apply to proceedings commenced in any territorial division under subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Person previously tried outside Canada

    (4) If a person is alleged to have committed an act or omission that is deemed to have been committed in Canada under subsection (1) and they have been tried and dealt with outside Canada for an offence in respect of the act or omission so that, if they had been tried and dealt with in Canada, they would be able to plead autrefois acquit, autrefois convict or pardon, they are deemed to have been so tried and dealt with in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Exception for foreign trials in absentia

    (5) Despite subsection (4), a person may not plead autrefois convict to a count that charges an offence in respect of the act or omission if

    • (a) the person was not present and was not represented by counsel acting under the person’s instructions at the trial outside Canada; and

    • (b) the person was not punished in accordance with the sentence imposed on conviction in respect of the act or omission.

  • 1998, c. 34, s. 5;
  • 2001, c. 32, s. 58;
  • 2013, c. 26, s. 4.