Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act
Marginal note:Bribing a foreign public official
3 (1) Every person commits an offence who, in order to obtain or retain an advantage in the course of business, directly or indirectly gives, offers or agrees to give or offer a loan, reward, advantage or benefit of any kind to a foreign public official or to any person for the benefit of a foreign public official
(a) as consideration for an act or omission by the official in connection with the performance of the official’s duties or functions; or
(b) to induce the official to use his or her position to influence any acts or decisions of the foreign state or public international organization for which the official performs duties or functions.
(2) Every person who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.
Marginal note:Saving provision
(3) No person is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) if the loan, reward, advantage or benefit
(a) is permitted or required under the laws of the foreign state or public international organization for which the foreign public official performs duties or functions; or
(b) was made to pay the reasonable expenses incurred in good faith by or on behalf of the foreign public official that are directly related to
Marginal note:Facilitation payments
(4) For the purpose of subsection (1), a payment is not a loan, reward, advantage or benefit to obtain or retain an advantage in the course of business, if it is made to expedite or secure the performance by a foreign public official of any act of a routine nature that is part of the foreign public official’s duties or functions, including
(a) the issuance of a permit, licence or other document to qualify a person to do business;
(b) the processing of official documents, such as visas and work permits;
(c) the provision of services normally offered to the public, such as mail pick-up and delivery, telecommunication services and power and water supply; and
(d) the provision of services normally provided as required, such as police protection, loading and unloading of cargo, the protection of perishable products or commodities from deterioration or the scheduling of inspections related to contract performance or transit of goods.
Marginal note:Greater certainty
(5) For greater certainty, an “act of a routine nature” does not include a decision to award new business or to continue business with a particular party, including a decision on the terms of that business, or encouraging another person to make any such decision.
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