Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-10-15 and last amended on 2014-09-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Instruments for copying credit card data or forging or falsifying credit cards
  •  (1) Every person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years, or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction, who, without lawful justification or excuse, makes, repairs, buys, sells, exports from Canada, imports into Canada or possesses any instrument, device, apparatus, material or thing that they know has been used or know is adapted or intended for use

    • (a) in the copying of credit card data for use in the commission of an offence under subsection 342(3); or

    • (b) in the forging or falsifying of credit cards.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture

    (2) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1), any instrument, device, apparatus, material or thing in relation to which the offence was committed or the possession of which constituted the offence may, in addition to any other punishment that may be imposed, be ordered forfeited to Her Majesty, whereupon it may be disposed of as the Attorney General directs.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (3) No order of forfeiture may be made under subsection (2) in respect of any thing that is the property of a person who was not a party to the offence under subsection (1).

  • 1997, c. 18, s. 17;
  • 2009, c. 28, s. 5.
Marginal note:Unauthorized use of computer
  •  (1) Every one who, fraudulently and without colour of right,

    • (a) obtains, directly or indirectly, any computer service,

    • (b) by means of an electro-magnetic, acoustic, mechanical or other device, intercepts or causes to be intercepted, directly or indirectly, any function of a computer system,

    • (c) uses or causes to be used, directly or indirectly, a computer system with intent to commit an offence under paragraph (a) or (b) or an offence under section 430 in relation to data or a computer system, or

    • (d) uses, possesses, traffics in or permits another person to have access to a computer password that would enable a person to commit an offence under paragraph (a), (b) or (c)

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years, or is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (2) In this section,

    “computer password”

    « mot de passe »

    “computer password” means any data by which a computer service or computer system is capable of being obtained or used;

    “computer program”

    « programme d’ordinateur »

    “computer program” means data representing instructions or statements that, when executed in a computer system, causes the computer system to perform a function;

    “computer service”

    « service d’ordinateur »

    “computer service” includes data processing and the storage or retrieval of data;

    “computer system”

    « ordinateur »

    “computer system” means a device that, or a group of interconnected or related devices one or more of which,

    • (a) contains computer programs or other data, and

    • (b) pursuant to computer programs,

      • (i) performs logic and control, and

      • (ii) may perform any other function;

    “data”

    « données »

    “data” means representations of information or of concepts that are being prepared or have been prepared in a form suitable for use in a computer system;

    “electro-magnetic, acoustic, mechanical or other device”

    « dispositif électromagnétique, acoustique, mécanique ou autre »

    “electro-magnetic, acoustic, mechanical or other device” means any device or apparatus that is used or is capable of being used to intercept any function of a computer system, but does not include a hearing aid used to correct subnormal hearing of the user to not better than normal hearing;

    “function”

    « fonction »

    “function” includes logic, control, arithmetic, deletion, storage and retrieval and communication or telecommunication to, from or within a computer system;

    “intercept”

    « intercepter »

    “intercept” includes listen to or record a function of a computer system, or acquire the substance, meaning or purport thereof;

    “traffic”

    « trafic »

    “traffic” means, in respect of a computer password, to sell, export from or import into Canada, distribute or deal with in any other way.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 45;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 18.