Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2015-06-09 and last amended on 2015-04-10. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Tampering with vehicle identification number
  •  (1) Every person commits an offence who, without lawful excuse, wholly or partially alters, removes or obliterates a vehicle identification number on a motor vehicle.

  • Definition of “vehicle identification number”

    (2) For the purpose of this section, “vehicle identification number” means any number or other mark placed on a motor vehicle for the purpose of distinguishing it from other similar motor vehicles.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) Despite subsection (1), it is not an offence to wholly or partially alter, remove or obliterate a vehicle identification number on a motor vehicle during regular maintenance or any repair or other work done on the vehicle for a legitimate purpose, including a modification of the vehicle.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (4) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1)

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • 2010, c. 14, s. 4.

Possession and Trafficking

Marginal note:Possession of property obtained by crime
  •  (1) Every one commits an offence who has in his possession any property or thing or any proceeds of any property or thing knowing that all or part of the property or thing or of the proceeds was obtained by or derived directly or indirectly from

    • (a) the commission in Canada of an offence punishable by indictment; or

    • (b) an act or omission anywhere that, if it had occurred in Canada, would have constituted an offence punishable by indictment.

  • Marginal note:Obliterated vehicle identification number

    (2) In proceedings in respect of an offence under subsection (1), evidence that a person has in his possession a motor vehicle the vehicle identification number of which has been wholly or partially removed or obliterated or a part of a motor vehicle being a part bearing a vehicle identification number that has been wholly or partially removed or obliterated is, in the absence of any evidence to the contrary, proof that the motor vehicle or part, as the case may be, was obtained, and that such person had the motor vehicle or part, as the case may be, in his possession knowing that it was obtained,

    • (a) by the commission in Canada of an offence punishable by indictment; or

    • (b) by an act or omission anywhere that, if it had occurred in Canada, would have constituted an offence punishable by indictment.

  • Definition of “vehicle identification number”

    (3) For the purposes of subsection (2), “vehicle identification number” means any number or other mark placed on a motor vehicle for the purpose of distinguishing the motor vehicle from other similar motor vehicles.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) A peace officer or a person acting under the direction of a peace officer is not guilty of an offence under this section by reason only that the peace officer or person possesses property or a thing or the proceeds of property or a thing mentioned in subsection (1) for the purposes of an investigation or otherwise in the execution of the peace officer’s duties.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 354;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 23.