Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-09-01 and last amended on 2014-07-11. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Identity fraud
  •  (1) Everyone commits an offence who fraudulently personates another person, living or dead,

    • (a) with intent to gain advantage for themselves or another person;

    • (b) with intent to obtain any property or an interest in any property;

    • (c) with intent to cause disadvantage to the person being personated or another person; or

    • (d) with intent to avoid arrest or prosecution or to obstruct, pervert or defeat the course of justice.

  • Marginal note:Clarification

    (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), personating a person includes pretending to be the person or using the person’s identity information — whether by itself or in combination with identity information pertaining to any person — as if it pertains to the person using it.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (3) Everyone who commits an offence under subsection (1)

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than 10 years; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 403;
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 27;
  • 2009, c. 28, s. 10.
Marginal note:Personation at examination

 Every one who falsely, with intent to gain advantage for himself or some other person, personates a candidate at a competitive or qualifying examination held under the authority of law or in connection with a university, college or school or who knowingly avails himself of the results of such personation is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 362.
Marginal note:Acknowledging instrument in false name

 Every one who, without lawful authority or excuse, the proof of which lies on him, acknowledges, in the name of another person before a court or a judge or other person authorized to receive the acknowledgment, a recognizance of bail, a confession of judgment, a consent to judgment or a judgment, deed or other instrument is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 363.

Forgery of Trade-marks and Trade Descriptions

Marginal note:Forging trade-mark

 For the purposes of this Part, every one forges a trade-mark who

  • (a) without the consent of the proprietor of the trade-mark, makes or reproduces in any manner that trade-mark or a mark so nearly resembling it as to be calculated to deceive; or

  • (b) falsifies, in any manner, a genuine trade-mark.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 364.