Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2016-08-15 and last amended on 2016-06-17. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Fear of forced marriage or marriage under age of 16 years
  •  (1) A person who fears on reasonable grounds that another person will commit an offence under paragraph 273.3(1)(d) or section 293.1 or 293.2 may lay an information before a provincial court judge.

  • Marginal note:Appearances

    (2) The judge who receives the information may cause the parties to appear before a provincial court judge.

  • Marginal note:Adjudication

    (3) If the provincial court judge before whom the parties appear is satisfied by the evidence adduced that the informant has reasonable grounds for the fear, the judge may order that the defendant enter into a recognizance to keep the peace and be of good behaviour for a period of not more than 12 months.

  • Marginal note:Duration extended

    (4) However, if the provincial court judge is also satisfied that the defendant was convicted previously of an offence referred to in subsection (1), the judge may order that the defendant enter into the recognizance for a period of not more than two years.

  • Marginal note:Refusal to enter into recognizance

    (5) The provincial court judge may commit the defendant to prison for a term not exceeding 12 months if the defendant fails or refuses to enter into the recognizance.

  • Marginal note:Conditions in recognizance

    (6) The provincial court judge may add any reasonable conditions to the recognizance that the judge considers desirable to secure the good conduct of the defendant, including conditions that

    • (a) prohibit the defendant from making agreements or arrangements for the marriage, whether in or outside Canada, of the person in respect of whom it is feared that the offence will be committed;

    • (b) prohibit the defendant from taking steps to cause the person in respect of whom it is feared that the offence will be committed to leave the jurisdiction of the court;

    • (c) require the defendant to deposit, in the specified manner, any passport or any other travel document that is in their possession or control, whether or not such passport or document is in their name or in the name of any other specified person;

    • (d) prohibit the defendant from communicating, directly or indirectly, with any specified person, or refrain from going to any specified place, except in accordance with any specified conditions that the judge considers necessary;

    • (e) require the defendant to participate in a treatment program, including a family violence counselling program;

    • (f) require the defendant to remain within a specified geographic area unless written permission to leave that area is obtained from the provincial court judge; and

    • (g) require the defendant to return to and remain at their place of residence at specified times.

  • Marginal note:Conditions — firearms

    (7) The provincial court judge shall consider whether it is desirable, in the interests of the defendant’s safety or that of any other person, to prohibit the defendant from possessing any firearm, cross-bow, prohibited weapon, restricted weapon, prohibited device, ammunition, prohibited ammunition or explosive substance, or all of those things. If the judge decides that it is desirable to do so, the judge shall add that condition to the recognizance and specify the period during which the condition applies.

  • Marginal note:Surrender, etc.

    (8) If the provincial court judge adds a condition described in subsection (7) to a recognizance, the judge shall specify in the recognizance how the things referred to in that subsection that are in the defendant’s possession are to be surrendered, disposed of, detained, stored or dealt with and how the authorizations, licences and registration certificates that are held by the defendant are to be surrendered.

  • Marginal note:Variance of conditions

    (9) A provincial court judge may, on application of the informant or the defendant, vary the conditions fixed in the recognizance.

  • 2015, c. 29, s. 11.
Marginal note:Where fear of sexual offence
  •  (1) Any person who fears on reasonable grounds that another person will commit an offence under section 151 or 152, subsection 153(1), section 155 or 159, subsection 160(2) or (3), section 163.1, 170, 171, 171.1, 172.1 or 172.2, subsection 173(2), section 271, 272, 273 or 279.011, subsection 279.02(2) or 279.03(2), section 280 or 281 or subsection 286.1(2), 286.2(2) or 286.3(2), in respect of one or more persons who are under the age of 16 years, may lay an information before a provincial court judge, whether or not the person or persons in respect of whom it is feared that the offence will be committed are named.

  • Marginal note:Appearances

    (2) A provincial court judge who receives an information under subsection (1) may cause the parties to appear before a provincial court judge.

  • Marginal note:Adjudication

    (3) If the provincial court judge before whom the parties appear is satisfied by the evidence adduced that the informant has reasonable grounds for the fear, the judge may order that the defendant enter into a recognizance to keep the peace and be of good behaviour for a period that does not exceed 12 months.

  • Marginal note:Duration extended

    (3.01) However, if the provincial court judge is also satisfied that the defendant was convicted previously of a sexual offence in respect of a person who is under the age of 16 years, the judge may order that the defendant enter into the recognizance for a period that does not exceed two years.

  • Marginal note:Conditions in recognizance

    (3.02) The provincial court judge may add any reasonable conditions to the recognizance that the judge considers desirable to secure the good conduct of the defendant, including conditions that

    • (a) prohibit the defendant from having any contact — including communicating by any means — with a person under the age of 16 years, unless the defendant does so under the supervision of a person whom the judge considers appropriate;

    • (a.1) prohibit the defendant from using the Internet or other digital network, unless the defendant does so in accordance with conditions set by the judge;

    • (b) prohibit the defendant from attending a public park or public swimming area where persons under the age of 16 years are present or can reasonably be expected to be present, or a daycare centre, schoolground or playground;

    • (b.1) prohibit the defendant from communicating, directly or indirectly, with any person identified in the recognizance, or refrain from going to any place specified in the recognizance, except in accordance with the conditions specified in the recognizance that the judge considers necessary;

    • (c) require the defendant to participate in a treatment program;

    • (d) require the defendant to wear an electronic monitoring device, if the Attorney General makes the request;

    • (e) require the defendant to remain within a specified geographic area unless written permission to leave that area is obtained from the provincial court judge;

    • (f) require the defendant to return to and remain at his or her place of residence at specified times;

    • (g) require the defendant to abstain from the consumption of drugs except in accordance with a medical prescription, of alcohol or of any other intoxicating substance;

    • (h) require the defendant to provide, for the purpose of analysis, a sample of a bodily substance prescribed by regulation on the demand of a peace officer, a probation officer or someone designated under paragraph 810.3(2)(a) to make a demand, at the place and time and on the day specified by the person making the demand, if that person has reasonable grounds to believe that the defendant has breached a condition of the recognizance that requires them to abstain from the consumption of drugs, alcohol or any other intoxicating substance; or

    • (i) require the defendant to provide, for the purpose of analysis, a sample of a bodily substance prescribed by regulation at regular intervals that are specified, in a notice in Form 51 served on the defendant, by a probation officer or a person designated under paragraph 810.3(2)(b) to specify them, if a condition of the recognizance requires the defendant to abstain from the consumption of drugs, alcohol or any other intoxicating substance.

  • Marginal note:Conditions — firearms

    (3.03) The provincial court judge shall consider whether it is desirable, in the interests of the defendant’s safety or that of any other person, to prohibit the defendant from possessing any firearm, cross-bow, prohibited weapon, restricted weapon, prohibited device, ammunition, prohibited ammunition or explosive substance, or all of those things. If the judge decides that it is desirable to do so, the judge shall add that condition to the recognizance and specify the period during which the condition applies.

  • Marginal note:Surrender, etc.

    (3.04) If the provincial court judge adds a condition described in subsection (3.03) to a recognizance, the judge shall specify in the recognizance how the things referred to in that subsection that are in the defendant’s possession should be surrendered, disposed of, detained, stored or dealt with and how the authorizations, licences and registration certificates that are held by the defendant should be surrendered.

  • Marginal note:Condition — reporting

    (3.05) The provincial court judge shall consider whether it is desirable to require the defendant to report to the correctional authority of a province or to an appropriate police authority. If the judge decides that it is desirable to do so, the judge shall add that condition to the recognizance.

  • Marginal note:Refusal to enter into recognizance

    (3.1) The provincial court judge may commit the defendant to prison for a term not exceeding twelve months if the defendant fails or refuses to enter into the recognizance.

  • Marginal note:Judge may vary recognizance

    (4) A provincial court judge may, on application of the informant or the defendant, vary the conditions fixed in the recognizance.

  • Marginal note:Other provisions to apply

    (5) Subsections 810(4) and (5) apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to recognizances made under this section.

  • 1993, c. 45, s. 11;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 113;
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 81;
  • 2008, c. 6, ss. 52, 54, 62;
  • 2011, c. 7, s. 9;
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 37;
  • 2014, c. 21, s. 4, c. 25, s. 31.
 
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