Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2015-08-04 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Fraudulent use of certificate of citizenship
  •  (1) Every one who, while in or out of Canada,

    • (a) uses a certificate of citizenship or a certificate of naturalization for a fraudulent purpose, or

    • (b) being a person to whom a certificate of citizenship or a certificate of naturalization has been granted, knowingly parts with the possession of that certificate with intent that it should be used for a fraudulent purpose,

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

  • Definition of “certificate of citizenship” and “certificate of naturalization”

    (2) In this section, “certificate of citizenship” and “certificate of naturalization”, respectively, mean a certificate of citizenship and a certificate of naturalization as defined by the Citizenship Act.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 59;
  • 1974-75-76, c. 108, s. 41.

Sedition

Marginal note:Seditious words
  •  (1) Seditious words are words that express a seditious intention.

  • Marginal note:Seditious libel

    (2) A seditious libel is a libel that expresses a seditious intention.

  • Marginal note:Seditious conspiracy

    (3) A seditious conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to carry out a seditious intention.

  • Marginal note:Seditious intention

    (4) Without limiting the generality of the meaning of the expression “seditious intention”, every one shall be presumed to have a seditious intention who

    • (a) teaches or advocates, or

    • (b) publishes or circulates any writing that advocates,

    the use, without the authority of law, of force as a means of accomplishing a governmental change within Canada.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 60.
Marginal note:Exception

 Notwithstanding subsection 59(4), no person shall be deemed to have a seditious intention by reason only that he intends, in good faith,

  • (a) to show that Her Majesty has been misled or mistaken in her measures;

  • (b) to point out errors or defects in

    • (i) the government or constitution of Canada or a province,

    • (ii) Parliament or the legislature of a province, or

    • (iii) the administration of justice in Canada;

  • (c) to procure, by lawful means, the alteration of any matter of government in Canada; or

  • (d) to point out, for the purpose of removal, matters that produce or tend to produce feelings of hostility and ill-will between different classes of persons in Canada.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 61.