Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2016-04-12 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Revocation of prohibition order under s. 111(5)

 A provincial court judge may, on application by the person against whom an order is made under subsection 111(5), revoke the order if satisfied that the circumstances for which it was made have ceased to exist.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 112;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203;
  • 1991, c. 40, s. 26;
  • 1995, c. 39, s. 139.
Marginal note:Lifting of prohibition order for sustenance or employment
  •  (1) Where a person who is or will be a person against whom a prohibition order is made establishes to the satisfaction of a competent authority that

    • (a) the person needs a firearm or restricted weapon to hunt or trap in order to sustain the person or the person’s family, or

    • (b) a prohibition order against the person would constitute a virtual prohibition against employment in the only vocation open to the person,

    the competent authority may, notwithstanding that the person is or will be subject to a prohibition order, make an order authorizing a chief firearms officer or the Registrar to issue, in accordance with such terms and conditions as the competent authority considers appropriate, an authorization, a licence or a registration certificate, as the case may be, to the person for sustenance or employment purposes.

  • Marginal note:Factors

    (2) A competent authority may make an order under subsection (1) only after taking the following factors into account:

    • (a) the criminal record, if any, of the person;

    • (b) the nature and circumstances of the offence, if any, in respect of which the prohibition order was or will be made; and

    • (c) the safety of the person and of other persons.

  • Marginal note:Effect of order

    (3) Where an order is made under subsection (1),

    • (a) an authorization, a licence or a registration certificate may not be denied to the person in respect of whom the order was made solely on the basis of a prohibition order against the person or the commission of an offence in respect of which a prohibition order was made against the person; and

    • (b) an authorization and a licence may, for the duration of the order, be issued to the person in respect of whom the order was made only for sustenance or employment purposes and, where the order sets out terms and conditions, only in accordance with those terms and conditions, but, for greater certainty, the authorization or licence may also be subject to terms and conditions set by the chief firearms officer that are not inconsistent with the purpose for which it is issued and any terms and conditions set out in the order.

  • Marginal note:When order can be made

    (4) For greater certainty, an order under subsection (1) may be made during proceedings for an order under subsection 109(1), 110(1), 111(5), 117.05(4) or 515(2), paragraph 732.1(3)(d) or subsection 810(3).

  • Meaning of competent authority

    (5) In this section, competent authority means the competent authority that made or has jurisdiction to make the prohibition order.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 113;
  • 1991, c. 40, s. 27(E);
  • 1995, c. 22, s. 10, c. 39, ss. 139, 190.
Marginal note:Requirement to surrender

 A competent authority that makes a prohibition order against a person may, in the order, require the person to surrender to a peace officer, a firearms officer or a chief firearms officer

  • (a) any thing the possession of which is prohibited by the order that is in the possession of the person on the commencement of the order, and

  • (b) every authorization, licence and registration certificate relating to any thing the possession of which is prohibited by the order that is held by the person on the commencement of the order,

and where the competent authority does so, it shall specify in the order a reasonable period for surrendering such things and documents and during which section 117.01 does not apply to that person.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 114;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203;
  • 1995, c. 22, s. 10, c. 39, s. 139.
Marginal note:Forfeiture
  •  (1) Unless a prohibition order against a person specifies otherwise, every thing the possession of which is prohibited by the order that, on the commencement of the order, is in the possession of the person is forfeited to Her Majesty.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (1.1) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of an order made under section 515.

  • Marginal note:Disposal

    (2) Every thing forfeited to Her Majesty under subsection (1) shall be disposed of or otherwise dealt with as the Attorney General directs.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 115;
  • 1995, c. 39, s. 139;
  • 2003, c. 8, s. 5.
Marginal note:Authorizations revoked or amended
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every authorization, licence and registration certificate relating to any thing the possession of which is prohibited by a prohibition order and issued to a person against whom the prohibition order is made is, on the commencement of the prohibition order, revoked, or amended, as the case may be, to the extent of the prohibitions in the order.

  • Marginal note:Duration of revocation or amendment — orders under section 515

    (2) An authorization, a licence and a registration certificate relating to a thing the possession of which is prohibited by an order made under section 515 is revoked, or amended, as the case may be, only in respect of the period during which the order is in force.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 116;
  • 1991, c. 28, s. 11, c. 40, ss. 28, 41;
  • 1995, c. 39, s. 139;
  • 2003, c. 8, s. 6.
Marginal note:Return to owner

 Where the competent authority that makes a prohibition order or that would have had jurisdiction to make the order is, on application for an order under this section, satisfied that a person, other than the person against whom a prohibition order was or will be made,

  • (a) is the owner of any thing that is or may be forfeited to Her Majesty under subsection 115(1) and is lawfully entitled to possess it, and

  • (b) in the case of a prohibition order under subsection 109(1) or 110(1), had no reasonable grounds to believe that the thing would or might be used in the commission of the offence in respect of which the prohibition order was made,

the competent authority shall order that the thing be returned to the owner or the proceeds of any sale of the thing be paid to that owner or, if the thing was destroyed, that an amount equal to the value of the thing be paid to the owner.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 117;
  • 1991, c. 40, s. 29;
  • 1995, c. 39, s. 139.
Marginal note:Possession contrary to order
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (4), every person commits an offence who possesses a firearm, a cross-bow, a prohibited weapon, a restricted weapon, a prohibited device, any ammunition, any prohibited ammunition or an explosive substance while the person is prohibited from doing so by any order made under this Act or any other Act of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Failure to surrender authorization, etc.

    (2) Every person commits an offence who wilfully fails to surrender to a peace officer, a firearms officer or a chief firearms officer any authorization, licence or registration certificate held by the person when the person is required to do so by any order made under this Act or any other Act of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (3) Every person who commits an offence under subsection (1) or (2)

    • (a) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years; or

    • (b) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person who possessed a firearm in accordance with an authorization or licence issued to the person as the result of an order made under subsection 113(1).

  • 1995, c. 39, s. 139.

Limitations on Access

Marginal note:Application for order
  •  (1) A peace officer, firearms officer or chief firearms officer may apply to a provincial court judge for an order under this section where the peace officer, firearms officer or chief firearms officer believes on reasonable grounds that

    • (a) the person against whom the order is sought cohabits with, or is an associate of, another person who is prohibited by any order made under this Act or any other Act of Parliament from possessing any firearm, cross-bow, prohibited weapon, restricted weapon, prohibited device, ammunition, prohibited ammunition or explosive substance, or all such things; and

    • (b) the other person would or might have access to any such thing that is in the possession of the person against whom the order is sought.

  • Marginal note:Date for hearing and notice

    (2) On receipt of an application made under subsection (1), the provincial court judge shall fix a date for the hearing of the application and direct that notice of the hearing be given, in such manner as the provincial court judge may specify, to the person against whom the order is sought.

  • Marginal note:Hearing of application

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), at the hearing of an application made under subsection (1), the provincial court judge shall hear all relevant evidence presented by or on behalf of the applicant and the person against whom the order is sought.

  • Marginal note:Where hearing may proceed ex parte

    (4) A provincial court judge may proceed ex parte to hear and determine an application made under subsection (1) in the absence of the person against whom the order is sought in the same circumstances as those in which a summary conviction court may, under Part XXVII, proceed with a trial in the absence of the defendant.

  • Marginal note:Order

    (5) Where, at the conclusion of a hearing of an application made under subsection (1), the provincial court judge is satisfied that the circumstances referred to in that subsection exist, the provincial court judge shall make an order in respect of the person against whom the order was sought imposing such terms and conditions on the person’s use and possession of anything referred to in subsection (1) as the provincial court judge considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Terms and conditions

    (6) In determining terms and conditions under subsection (5), the provincial court judge shall impose terms and conditions that are the least intrusive as possible, bearing in mind the purpose of the order.

  • Marginal note:Appeal by person or Attorney General

    (7) Where a provincial court judge makes an order under subsection (5), the person to whom the order relates, or the Attorney General, may appeal to the superior court against the order.

  • Marginal note:Appeal by Attorney General

    (8) Where a provincial court judge does not make an order under subsection (5), the Attorney General may appeal to the superior court against the decision not to make an order.

  • Marginal note:Application of Part XXVII to appeals

    (9) The provisions of Part XXVII, except sections 785 to 812, 816 to 819 and 829 to 838, apply in respect of an appeal made under subsection (7) or (8), with such modifications as the circumstances require and as if each reference in that Part to the appeal court were a reference to the superior court.

  • 1995, c. 39, s. 139.
 
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