Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-09-01 and last amended on 2014-07-11. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Release from custody by officer in charge
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (1.1), if a person who has been arrested without warrant by a peace officer is taken into custody, or if a person who has been arrested without warrant and delivered to a peace officer under subsection 494(3) or placed in the custody of a peace officer under subsection 163.5(3) of the Customs Act is detained in custody under subsection 503(1) for an offence described in paragraph 496(a), (b) or (c), or any other offence that is punishable by imprisonment for five years or less, and has not been taken before a justice or released from custody under any other provision of this Part, the officer in charge or another peace officer shall, as soon as practicable,

    • (a) release the person with the intention of compelling their appearance by way of summons;

    • (b) release the person on their giving a promise to appear;

    • (c) release the person on the person’s entering into a recognizance before the officer in charge or another peace officer without sureties in an amount not exceeding $500 that the officer directs, but without deposit of money or other valuable security; or

    • (d) if the person is not ordinarily resident in the province in which the person is in custody or does not ordinarily reside within 200 kilometres of the place in which the person is in custody, release the person on the person’s entering into a recognizance before the officer in charge or another peace officer without sureties in an amount not exceeding $500 that the officer directs and, if the officer so directs, on depositing with the officer a sum of money or other valuable security not exceeding in amount or value $500, that the officer directs.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (1.1) The officer in charge or the peace officer shall not release a person under subsection (1) if the officer in charge or peace officer believes, on reasonable grounds,

    • (a) that it is necessary in the public interest that the person be detained in custody or that the matter of their release from custody be dealt with under another provision of this Part, having regard to all the circumstances including the need to

      • (i) establish the identity of the person,

      • (ii) secure or preserve evidence of or relating to the offence,

      • (iii) prevent the continuation or repetition of the offence or the commission of another offence, or

      • (iv) ensure the safety and security of any victim of or witness to the offence; or

    • (b) that, if the person is released from custody, the person will fail to attend court in order to be dealt with according to law.

  • Marginal note:Where subsection (1) does not apply

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of a person who has been arrested without warrant by a peace officer for an offence described in subsection 503(3).

  • Marginal note:Consequences of non-release

    (3) An officer in charge or another peace officer who has the custody of a person taken into or detained in custody for an offence described in subsection (1) and who does not release the person from custody as soon as practicable in the manner described in that subsection shall be deemed to be acting lawfully and in the execution of the officer’s duty for the purposes of

    • (a) any proceedings under this or any other Act of Parliament; or

    • (b) any other proceedings, unless in any such proceedings it is alleged and established by the person making the allegation that the officer in charge or other peace officer did not comply with the requirements of subsection (1).

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 498;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 186;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 52;
  • 1998, c. 7, s. 2;
  • 1999, c. 25, ss. 4, 30(Preamble).