Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-09-29 and last amended on 2014-09-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Referral when private prosecution
  •  (1) A justice who receives an information laid under section 504, other than an information referred to in subsection 507(1), shall refer it to a provincial court judge or, in Quebec, a judge of the Court of Quebec, or to a designated justice, to consider whether to compel the appearance of the accused on the information.

  • Marginal note:Summons or warrant

    (2) A judge or designated justice to whom an information is referred under subsection (1) and who considers that a case for doing so is made out shall issue either a summons or warrant for the arrest of the accused to compel him or her to attend before a justice to answer to a charge of the offence charged in the information.

  • Marginal note:Conditions for issuance

    (3) The judge or designated justice may issue a summons or warrant only if he or she

    • (a) has heard and considered the allegations of the informant and the evidence of witnesses;

    • (b) is satisfied that the Attorney General has received a copy of the information;

    • (c) is satisfied that the Attorney General has received reasonable notice of the hearing under paragraph (a); and

    • (d) has given the Attorney General an opportunity to attend the hearing under paragraph (a) and to cross-examine and call witnesses and to present any relevant evidence at the hearing.

  • Marginal note:Appearance of Attorney General

    (4) The Attorney General may appear at the hearing held under paragraph (3)(a) without being deemed to intervene in the proceeding.

  • Marginal note:Information deemed not to have been laid

    (5) If the judge or designated justice does not issue a summons or warrant under subsection (2), he or she shall endorse the information with a statement to that effect. Unless the informant, not later than six months after the endorsement, commences proceedings to compel the judge or designated justice to issue a summons or warrant, the information is deemed never to have been laid.

  • Marginal note:Information deemed not to have been laid — proceedings commenced

    (6) If proceedings are commenced under subsection (5) and a summons or warrant is not issued as a result of those proceedings, the information is deemed never to have been laid.

  • Marginal note:New evidence required for new hearing

    (7) If a hearing in respect of an offence has been held under paragraph (3)(a) and the judge or designated justice has not issued a summons or a warrant, no other hearings may be held under that paragraph with respect to the offence or an included offence unless there is new evidence in support of the allegation in respect of which the hearing is sought to be held.

  • Marginal note:Subsections 507(2) to (8) to apply

    (8) Subsections 507(2) to (8) apply to proceedings under this section.

  • Marginal note:Non-application — informations laid under sections 810 and 810.1

    (9) Subsections (1) to (8) do not apply in respect of an information laid under section 810 or 810.1.

  • Marginal note:Definition of “designated justice”

    (10) In this section, “designated justice” means a justice designated for the purpose by the chief judge of the provincial court having jurisdiction in the matter or, in Quebec, a justice designated by the chief judge of the Court of Quebec.

  • Meaning of “Attorney General”

    (11) In this section, “Attorney General” includes the Attorney General of Canada and his or her lawful deputy in respect of proceedings that could have been commenced at the instance of the Government of Canada and conducted by or on behalf of that Government.

  • 2002, c. 13, s. 22;
  • 2008, c. 18, s. 16.