Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2015-06-09 and last amended on 2015-04-10. Previous Versions

Arrest without Warrant and Release from Custody

Marginal note:Arrest without warrant by any person
  •  (1) Any one may arrest without warrant

    • (a) a person whom he finds committing an indictable offence; or

    • (b) a person who, on reasonable grounds, he believes

      • (i) has committed a criminal offence, and

      • (ii) is escaping from and freshly pursued by persons who have lawful authority to arrest that person.

  • Marginal note:Arrest by owner, etc., of property

    (2) The owner or a person in lawful possession of property, or a person authorized by the owner or by a person in lawful possession of property, may arrest a person without a warrant if they find them committing a criminal offence on or in relation to that property and

    • (a) they make the arrest at that time; or

    • (b) they make the arrest within a reasonable time after the offence is committed and they believe on reasonable grounds that it is not feasible in the circumstances for a peace officer to make the arrest.

  • Marginal note:Delivery to peace officer

    (3) Any one other than a peace officer who arrests a person without warrant shall forthwith deliver the person to a peace officer.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (4) For greater certainty, a person who is authorized to make an arrest under this section is a person who is authorized by law to do so for the purposes of section 25.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 494;
  • 2012, c. 9, s. 3.
Marginal note:Arrest without warrant by peace officer
  •  (1) A peace officer may arrest without warrant

    • (a) a person who has committed an indictable offence or who, on reasonable grounds, he believes has committed or is about to commit an indictable offence;

    • (b) a person whom he finds committing a criminal offence; or

    • (c) a person in respect of whom he has reasonable grounds to believe that a warrant of arrest or committal, in any form set out in Part XXVIII in relation thereto, is in force within the territorial jurisdiction in which the person is found.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (2) A peace officer shall not arrest a person without warrant for

    • (a) an indictable offence mentioned in section 553,

    • (b) an offence for which the person may be prosecuted by indictment or for which he is punishable on summary conviction, or

    • (c) an offence punishable on summary conviction,

    in any case where

    • (d) he believes on reasonable grounds that the public interest, having regard to all the circumstances including the need to

      • (i) establish the identity of the person,

      • (ii) secure or preserve evidence of or relating to the offence, or

      • (iii) prevent the continuation or repetition of the offence or the commission of another offence,

      may be satisfied without so arresting the person, and

    • (e) he has no reasonable grounds to believe that, if he does not so arrest the person, the person will fail to attend court in order to be dealt with according to law.

  • Marginal note:Consequences of arrest without warrant

    (3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), a peace officer acting under subsection (1) is deemed to be acting lawfully and in the execution of his duty for the purposes of

    • (a) any proceedings under this or any other Act of Parliament; and

    • (b) any other proceedings, unless in any such proceedings it is alleged and established by the person making the allegation that the peace officer did not comply with the requirements of subsection (2).

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 495;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 75.