Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2015-06-22 and last amended on 2015-06-18. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Seizure of explosives
  •  (1) Every person who executes a warrant issued under section 487 or 487.1 may seize any explosive substance that he suspects is intended to be used for an unlawful purpose, and shall, as soon as possible, remove to a place of safety anything that he seizes by virtue of this section and detain it until he is ordered by a judge of a superior court to deliver it to some other person or an order is made pursuant to subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture

    (2) Where an accused is convicted of an offence in respect of anything seized by virtue of subsection (1), it is forfeited and shall be dealt with as the court that makes the conviction may direct.

  • Marginal note:Application of proceeds

    (3) Where anything to which this section applies is sold, the proceeds of the sale shall be paid to the Attorney General.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 492;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 70.
Marginal note:Warrant for tracking device — transactions and things
  •  (1) A justice or judge who is satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds to suspect that an offence has been or will be committed under this or any other Act of Parliament and that tracking the location of one or more transactions or the location or movement of a thing, including a vehicle, will assist in the investigation of the offence may issue a warrant authorizing a peace officer or a public officer to obtain that tracking data by means of a tracking device.

  • Marginal note:Warrant for tracking device — individuals

    (2) A justice or judge who is satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds to believe that an offence has been or will be committed under this or any other Act of Parliament and that tracking an individual’s movement by identifying the location of a thing that is usually carried or worn by the individual will assist in the investigation of the offence may issue a warrant authorizing a peace officer or a public officer to obtain that tracking data by means of a tracking device.

  • Marginal note:Scope of warrant

    (3) The warrant authorizes the peace officer or public officer, or a person acting under their direction, to install, activate, use, maintain, monitor and remove the tracking device, including covertly.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (4) A warrant may contain any conditions that the justice or judge considers appropriate, including conditions to protect a person’s interests.

  • Marginal note:Period of validity

    (5) Subject to subsection (6), a warrant is valid for the period specified in it as long as that period ends no more than 60 days after the day on which the warrant is issued.

  • Marginal note:Period of validity — organized crime and terrorism offence

    (6) A warrant is valid for the period specified in it as long as that period ends no more than one year after the day on which the warrant is issued, if the warrant relates to

    • (a) an offence under any of sections 467.11 to 467.13;

    • (b) an offence committed for the benefit of, at the direction of, or in association with a criminal organization; or

    • (c) a terrorism offence.

  • Marginal note:Removal after expiry of warrant

    (7) On ex parte application supported by an affidavit, the justice or judge who issued a warrant or another justice or judge who has jurisdiction to issue such warrants may authorize the covert removal of the tracking device after the expiry of the warrant under any conditions that the justice or judge considers advisable in the public interest. The authorization is valid for the period specified in it as long as that period is not more than 90 days.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (8) The following definitions apply in this section.

    “data”

    « données »

    “data” means representations, including signs, signals or symbols, that are capable of being understood by an individual or processed by a computer system or other device.

    “judge”

    « juge »

    “judge” means a judge of a superior court of criminal jurisdiction or a judge of the Court of Quebec.

    “public officer”

    « fonctionnaire public »

    “public officer” means a public officer who is appointed or designated to administer or enforce a federal or provincial law and whose duties include the enforcement of this or any other Act of Parliament.

    “tracking data”

    « données de localisation »

    “tracking data” means data that relates to the location of a transaction, individual or thing.

    “tracking device”

    « dispositif de localisation »

    “tracking device” means a device, including a computer program within the meaning of subsection 342.1(2), that may be used to obtain or record tracking data or to transmit it by a means of telecommunication.

  • 1993, c. 40, s. 18;
  • 1999, c. 5, s. 18;
  • 2014, c. 31, s. 23.