Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-12-08 and last amended on 2014-12-06. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Offence charged, part only proved
  •  (1) A count in an indictment is divisible and where the commission of the offence charged, as described in the enactment creating it or as charged in the count, includes the commission of another offence, whether punishable by indictment or on summary conviction, the accused may be convicted

    • (a) of an offence so included that is proved, notwithstanding that the whole offence that is charged is not proved; or

    • (b) of an attempt to commit an offence so included.

  • Marginal note:First degree murder charged

    (2) For greater certainty and without limiting the generality of subsection (1), where a count charges first degree murder and the evidence does not prove first degree murder but proves second degree murder or an attempt to commit second degree murder, the jury may find the accused not guilty of first degree murder but guilty of second degree murder or an attempt to commit second degree murder, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Conviction for infanticide or manslaughter on charge of murder

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), where a count charges murder and the evidence proves manslaughter or infanticide but does not prove murder, the jury may find the accused not guilty of murder but guilty of manslaughter or infanticide, but shall not on that count find the accused guilty of any other offence.

  • Marginal note:Conviction for concealing body of child where murder or infanticide charged

    (4) Where a count charges the murder of a child or infanticide and the evidence proves the commission of an offence under section 243 but does not prove murder or infanticide, the jury may find the accused not guilty of murder or infanticide, as the case may be, but guilty of an offence under section 243.

  • Marginal note:Conviction for dangerous driving where manslaughter charged

    (5) For greater certainty, where a count charges an offence under section 220, 221 or 236 arising out of the operation of a motor vehicle or the navigation or operation of a vessel or aircraft, and the evidence does not prove such offence but does prove an offence under section 249 or subsection 249.1(3), the accused may be convicted of an offence under section 249 or subsection 249.1(3), as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Conviction for break and enter with intent

    (6) Where a count charges an offence under paragraph 98(1)(b) or 348(1)(b) and the evidence does not prove that offence but does prove an offence under, respectively, paragraph 98(1)(a) or 348(1)(a), the accused may be convicted of an offence under that latter paragraph.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 662;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 134;
  • 2000, c. 2, s. 3;
  • 2008, c. 6, s. 38.
Marginal note:No acquittal unless act or omission not wilful

 Where a female person is charged with infanticide and the evidence establishes that she caused the death of her child but does not establish that, at the time of the act or omission by which she caused the death of the child,

  • (a) she was not fully recovered from the effects of giving birth to the child or from the effect of lactation consequent on the birth of the child, and

  • (b) the balance of her mind was, at that time, disturbed by reason of the effect of giving birth to the child or of the effect of lactation consequent on the birth of the child,

she may be convicted unless the evidence establishes that the act or omission was not wilful.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 590.