Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2015-03-31 and last amended on 2015-03-31. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Order restricting publication — sexual offences
  •  (1) Where a Review Board holds a hearing referred to in section 672.5 in respect of an accused who has been declared not crimi­nally responsible on account of mental disorder or unfit to stand trial for an offence referred to in subsection 486.4(1), the Review Board shall make an order directing that any information that could identify a victim, or a witness who is under the age of eighteen years, shall not be published in any document or broadcast or transmitted in any way.

  • Marginal note:Order restricting publication — child pornography

    (2) Where a Review Board holds a hearing referred to in section 672.5 in respect of an accused who has been declared not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder or unfit to stand trial for an offence referred to in section 163.1, a Review Board shall make an order directing that any information that could identify a witness who is under the age of eighteen years, or any person who is the subject of a representation, written material or a recording that constitutes child pornography within the meaning of section 163.1, shall not be published in any document or broadcast or transmitted in any way.

  • Marginal note:Order restricting publication — other offences

    (3) Where a Review Board holds a hearing referred to in section 672.5 in respect of an accused who has been declared not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder or unfit to stand trial for an offence other than the offences referred to in subsection (1) or (2), on application of the prosecutor, a victim or a witness, the Review Board may make an order directing that any information that could identify the victim or witness shall not be published in any document or broadcast or transmitted in any way if the Review Board is satisfied that the order is necessary for the proper administration of justice.

  • Marginal note:Order restricting publication

    (4) An order made under any of subsections (1) to (3) does not apply in respect of the disclosure of information in the course of the administration of justice if it is not the purpose of the disclosure to make the information known in the community.

  • Marginal note:Application and notice

    (5) An applicant for an order under subsection (3) shall

    • (a) apply in writing to the Review Board; and

    • (b) provide notice of the application to the prosecutor, the accused and any other person affected by the order that the Review Board specifies.

  • Marginal note:Grounds

    (6) An applicant for an order under subsection (3) shall set out the grounds on which the applicant relies to establish that the order is necessary for the proper administration of justice.

  • Marginal note:Hearing may be held

    (7) The Review Board may hold a hearing to determine whether an order under subsection (3) should be made, and the hearing may be in private.

  • Marginal note:Factors to be considered

    (8) In determining whether to make an order under subsection (3), the Review Board shall consider

    • (a) the right to a fair and public hearing;

    • (b) whether there is a real and substantial risk that the victim or witness would suffer significant harm if their identity were disclosed;

    • (c) whether the victim or witness needs the order for their security or to protect them from intimidation or retaliation;

    • (d) society’s interest in encouraging the reporting of offences and the participation of victims and witnesses in the criminal justice process;

    • (e) whether effective alternatives are available to protect the identity of the victim or witness;

    • (f) the salutary and deleterious effects of the proposed order;

    • (g) the impact of the proposed order on the freedom of expression of those affected by it; and

    • (h) any other factor that the Review Board considers relevant.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (9) An order made under subsection (3) may be subject to any conditions that the Review Board thinks fit.

  • Marginal note:Publication of application prohibited

    (10) Unless the Review Board refuses to make an order under subsection (3), no person shall publish in any document or broadcast or transmit in any way

    • (a) the contents of an application;

    • (b) any evidence taken, information given or submissions made at a hearing under subsection (7); or

    • (c) any other information that could identify the person to whom the application relates as a victim or witness in the proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Offence

    (11) Every person who fails to comply with an order made under any of subsections (1) to (3) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction.

  • Marginal note:Application of order

    (12) For greater certainty, an order referred to in subsection (11) also prohibits, in relation to proceedings taken against any person who fails to comply with the order, the publication in any document or the broadcasting or transmission in any way of information that could identify a victim or witness whose identity is protected by the order.

  • 2005, c. 22, ss. 17, 64.