Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-12-08 and last amended on 2014-12-06. Previous Versions

High-Risk Accused

Marginal note:Finding
  •  (1) On application made by the prosecutor before any disposition to discharge an accused absolutely, the court may, at the conclusion of a hearing, find the accused to be a high-risk accused if the accused has been found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for a serious personal injury offence, as defined in subsection 672.81(1.3), the accused was 18 years of age or more at the time of the commission of the offence and

    • (a) the court is satisfied that there is a substantial likelihood that the accused will use violence that could endanger the life or safety of another person; or

    • (b) the court is of the opinion that the acts that constitute the offence were of such a brutal nature as to indicate a risk of grave physical or psychological harm to another person.

  • Marginal note:Factors to consider

    (2) In deciding whether to find that the accused is a high-risk accused, the court shall consider all relevant evidence, including

    • (a) the nature and circumstances of the offence;

    • (b) any pattern of repetitive behaviour of which the offence forms a part;

    • (c) the accused’s current mental condition;

    • (d) the past and expected course of the accused’s treatment, including the accused’s willingness to follow treatment; and

    • (e) the opinions of experts who have examined the accused.

  • Marginal note:Detention of high-risk accused

    (3) If the court finds the accused to be a high-risk accused, the court shall make a disposition under paragraph 672.54(c), but the accused’s detention must not be subject to any condition that would permit the accused to be absent from the hospital unless

    • (a) it is appropriate, in the opinion of the person in charge of the hospital, for the accused to be absent from the hospital for medical reasons or for any purpose that is necessary for the accused’s treatment, if the accused is escorted by a person who is authorized by the person in charge of the hospital; and

    • (b) a structured plan has been prepared to address any risk related to the accused’s absence and, as a result, that absence will not present an undue risk to the public.

  • Marginal note:Appeal

    (4) A decision not to find an accused to be a high-risk accused is deemed to be a disposition for the purpose of sections 672.72 to 672.78.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (5) For greater certainty, a finding that an accused is a high-risk accused is a disposition and sections 672.72 to 672.78 apply to it.

  • 1991, c. 43, s. 4;
  • 2005, c. 22, s. 24;
  • 2014, c. 6, s. 12.

 [No sections 672.65 and 672.66]

Dual Status Offenders

Marginal note:Where court imposes a sentence
  •  (1) Where a court imposes a sentence of imprisonment on an offender who is, or thereby becomes, a dual status offender, that sentence takes precedence over any prior custodial disposition, pending any placement decision by the Review Board.

  • Marginal note:Custodial disposition by court

    (2) Where a court imposes a custodial disposition on an accused who is, or thereby becomes, a dual status offender, the disposition takes precedence over any prior sentence of imprisonment pending any placement decision by the Review Board.

  • 1991, c. 43, s. 4;
  • 1995, c. 22, s. 10;
  • 2005, c. 22, s. 25.