Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-04-02 and last amended on 2013-12-12. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Appeal re costs

 A party who is ordered to pay costs may, with leave of the court of appeal or a judge of a court of appeal, appeal the order or the amount of costs ordered.

  • 1997, c. 18, s. 94.
Marginal note:Specifying grounds of dissent

 Where a judge of the court of appeal expresses an opinion dissenting from the judgment of the court, the judgment of the court shall specify any grounds in law on which the dissent, in whole or in part, is based.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 677;
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 67.

Procedure on Appeals

Marginal note:Notice of appeal
  •  (1) An appellant who proposes to appeal to the court of appeal or to obtain the leave of that court to appeal shall give notice of appeal or notice of his application for leave to appeal in such manner and within such period as may be directed by rules of court.

  • Marginal note:Extension of time

    (2) The court of appeal or a judge thereof may at any time extend the time within which notice of appeal or notice of an application for leave to appeal may be given.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 607;
  • 1972, c. 13, s. 53;
  • 1974-75-76, c. 105, s. 16.
Marginal note:Service where respondent cannot be found

 Where a respondent cannot be found after reasonable efforts have been made to serve the respondent with a notice of appeal or notice of an application for leave to appeal, service of the notice of appeal or the notice of the application for leave to appeal may be effected substitutionally in the manner and within the period directed by a judge of the court of appeal.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 140;
  • 1992, c. 1, s. 60(F).
Marginal note:Release pending determination of appeal
  •  (1) A judge of the court of appeal may, in accordance with this section, release an appellant from custody pending the determination of his appeal if,

    • (a) in the case of an appeal to the court of appeal against conviction, the appellant has given notice of appeal or, where leave is required, notice of his application for leave to appeal pursuant to section 678;

    • (b) in the case of an appeal to the court of appeal against sentence only, the appellant has been granted leave to appeal; or

    • (c) in the case of an appeal or an application for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada, the appellant has filed and served his notice of appeal or, where leave is required, his application for leave to appeal.

  • Marginal note:Notice of application for release

    (2) Where an appellant applies to a judge of the court of appeal to be released pending the determination of his appeal, he shall give written notice of the application to the prosecutor or to such other person as a judge of the court of appeal directs.

  • Marginal note:Circumstances in which appellant may be released

    (3) In the case of an appeal referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or (c), the judge of the court of appeal may order that the appellant be released pending the determination of his appeal if the appellant establishes that

    • (a) the appeal or application for leave to appeal is not frivolous;

    • (b) he will surrender himself into custody in accordance with the terms of the order; and

    • (c) his detention is not necessary in the public interest.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (4) In the case of an appeal referred to in paragraph (1)(b), the judge of the court of appeal may order that the appellant be released pending the determination of his appeal or until otherwise ordered by a judge of the court of appeal if the appellant establishes that

    • (a) the appeal has sufficient merit that, in the circumstances, it would cause unnecessary hardship if he were detained in custody;

    • (b) he will surrender himself into custody in accordance with the terms of the order; and

    • (c) his detention is not necessary in the public interest.

  • Marginal note:Conditions of order

    (5) Where the judge of the court of appeal does not refuse the application of the appellant, he shall order that the appellant be released

    • (a) on his giving an undertaking to the judge, without conditions or with such conditions as the judge directs, to surrender himself into custody in accordance with the order, or

    • (b) on his entering into a recognizance

      • (i) with one or more sureties,

      • (ii) with deposit of money or other valuable security,

      • (iii) with both sureties and deposit, or

      • (iv) with neither sureties nor deposit,

      in such amount, subject to such conditions, if any, and before such justice as the judge directs,

    • (c[Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 141]

    and the person having the custody of the appellant shall, where the appellant complies with the order, forthwith release the appellant.

  • Marginal note:Conditions

    (5.1) The judge may direct that the undertaking or recognizance referred to in subsection (5) include the conditions described in subsections 515(4), (4.1) and (4.2) that the judge considers desirable.

  • Marginal note:Application of certain provisions of section 525

    (6) The provisions of subsections 525(5), (6) and (7) apply with such modifications as the circumstances require in respect of a person who has been released from custody under subsection (5) of this section.

  • Marginal note:Release or detention pending hearing of reference

    (7) If, with respect to any person, the Minister of Justice gives a direction or makes a reference under section 696.3, this section applies to the release or detention of that person pending the hearing and determination of the reference as though that person were an appellant in an appeal described in paragraph (1)(a).

  • Marginal note:Release or detention pending new trial or new hearing

    (7.1) Where, with respect to any person, the court of appeal or the Supreme Court of Canada orders a new trial, section 515 or 522, as the case may be, applies to the release or detention of that person pending the new trial or new hearing as though that person were charged with the offence for the first time, except that the powers of a justice under section 515 or of a judge under section 522 are exercised by a judge of the court of appeal.

  • Marginal note:Application to appeals on summary conviction proceedings

    (8) This section applies to applications for leave to appeal and appeals to the Supreme Court of Canada in summary conviction proceedings.

  • Marginal note:Form of undertaking or recognizance

    (9) An undertaking under this section may be in Form 12 and a recognizance under this section may be in Form 32.

  • Marginal note:Directions for expediting appeal, new trial, etc.

    (10) A judge of the court of appeal, where on the application of an appellant he does not make an order under subsection (5) or where he cancels an order previously made under this section, or a judge of the Supreme Court of Canada on application by an appellant in the case of an appeal to that Court, may give such directions as he thinks necessary for expediting the hearing of the appellant’s appeal or for expediting the new trial or new hearing or the hearing of the reference, as the case may be.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 679;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 141;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 95;
  • 1999, c. 25, s. 14(Preamble);
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 66.