Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-12-08 and last amended on 2014-12-06. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Review by court of appeal
  •  (1) A decision made by a judge under section 522 or subsection 524(4) or (5) or a decision made by a judge of the court of appeal under section 261 or 679 may, on the direction of the chief justice or acting chief justice of the court of appeal, be reviewed by that court and that court may, if it does not confirm the decision,

    • (a) vary the decision; or

    • (b) substitute such other decision as, in its opinion, should have been made.

  • Marginal note:Single judge acting

    (2) On consent of the parties, the powers of the court of appeal under subsection (1) may be exercised by a judge of that court.

  • Marginal note:Enforcement of decision

    (3) A decision as varied or substituted under this section shall have effect and may be enforced in all respects as though it were the decision originally made.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 680;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 142;
  • 1994, c. 44, s. 68.

 [Repealed, 1991, c. 43, s. 9]

Marginal note:Report by judge
  •  (1) Where, under this Part, an appeal is taken or an application for leave to appeal is made, the judge or provincial court judge who presided at the trial shall, at the request of the court of appeal or a judge thereof, in accordance with rules of court, furnish it or him with a report on the case or on any matter relating to the case that is specified in the request.

  • Marginal note:Transcript of evidence

    (2) A copy or transcript of

    • (a) the evidence taken at the trial,

    • (b) any charge to the jury and any objections that were made to a charge to the jury,

    • (c) the reasons for judgment, if any, and

    • (d) the addresses of the prosecutor and the accused, if a ground for the appeal is based on either of the addresses,

    shall be furnished to the court of appeal, except in so far as it is dispensed with by order of a judge of that court.

  • (3) [Repealed, 1997, c. 18, s. 96]

  • Marginal note:Copies to interested parties

    (4) A party to an appeal is entitled to receive, on payment of any charges that are fixed by rules of court, a copy or transcript of any material that is prepared under subsections (1) and (2).

  • Marginal note:Copy for Minister of Justice

    (5) The Minister of Justice is entitled, on request, to receive a copy or transcript of any material that is prepared under subsections (1) and (2).

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 682;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), ss. 143, 203;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 96.
Marginal note:Powers of court of appeal
  •  (1) For the purposes of an appeal under this Part, the court of appeal may, where it considers it in the interests of justice,

    • (a) order the production of any writing, exhibit or other thing connected with the proceedings;

    • (b) order any witness who would have been a compellable witness at the trial, whether or not he was called at the trial,

      • (i) to attend and be examined before the court of appeal, or

      • (ii) to be examined in the manner provided by rules of court before a judge of the court of appeal, or before any officer of the court of appeal or justice of the peace or other person appointed by the court of appeal for the purpose;

    • (c) admit, as evidence, an examination that is taken under subparagraph (b)(ii);

    • (d) receive the evidence, if tendered, of any witness, including the appellant, who is a competent but not compellable witness;

    • (e) order that any question arising on the appeal that

      • (i) involves prolonged examination of writings or accounts, or scientific or local investigation, and

      • (ii) cannot in the opinion of the court of appeal conveniently be inquired into before the court of appeal,

      be referred for inquiry and report, in the manner provided by rules of court, to a special commissioner appointed by the court of appeal;

    • (f) act on the report of a commissioner who is appointed under paragraph (e) in so far as the court of appeal thinks fit to do so; and

    • (g) amend the indictment, unless it is of the opinion that the accused has been misled or prejudiced in his defence or appeal.

  • Marginal note:Parties entitled to adduce evidence and be heard

    (2) In proceedings under this section, the parties or their counsel are entitled to examine or cross-examine witnesses and, in an inquiry under paragraph (1)(e), are entitled to be present during the inquiry, to adduce evidence and to be heard.

  • Marginal note:Virtual presence of parties

    (2.1) In proceedings under this section, the court of appeal may order that the presence of a party may be by any technological means satisfactory to the court that permits the court and the other party or parties to communicate simultaneously.

  • Marginal note:Virtual presence of witnesses

    (2.2) Sections 714.1 to 714.8 apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to examinations and cross-examinations of witnesses under this section.

  • Marginal note:Other powers

    (3) A court of appeal may exercise, in relation to proceedings in the court, any powers not mentioned in subsection (1) that may be exercised by the court on appeals in civil matters, and may issue any process that is necessary to enforce the orders or sentences of the court, but no costs shall be allowed to the appellant or respondent on the hearing and determination of an appeal or on any proceedings preliminary or incidental thereto.

  • Marginal note:Execution of process

    (4) Any process that is issued by the court of appeal under this section may be executed anywhere in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Power to order suspension

    (5) If an appeal or an application for leave to appeal has been filed in the court of appeal, that court, or a judge of that court, may, when the court, or the judge, considers it to be in the interests of justice, order that any of the following be suspended until the appeal has been determined:

    • (a) an obligation to pay a fine;

    • (b) an order of forfeiture or disposition of forfeited property;

    • (c) an order to make restitution under section 738 or 739;

    • (d) an obligation to pay a victim surcharge under section 737;

    • (e) a probation order under section 731; and

    • (f) a conditional sentence order under section 742.1.

  • Marginal note:Undertaking or recognizance

    (5.1) Before making an order under paragraph (5)(e) or (f), the court of appeal, or a judge of that court, may order the offender to enter into an undertaking or recognizance.

  • Marginal note:Revocation of suspension order

    (6) The court of appeal may revoke any order it makes under subsection (5) where it considers the revocation to be in the interests of justice.

  • Marginal note:Undertaking or recognizance to be taken into account

    (7) If the offender has been ordered to enter into an undertaking or recognizance under subsection (5.1), the court of appeal shall, in determining whether to vary the sentence of the offender, take into account the conditions of that undertaking or recognizance and the period during which they were imposed.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 683;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 144, c. 23 (4th Supp.), s. 5;
  • 1995, c. 22, s. 10;
  • 1997, c. 18, ss. 97, 141;
  • 1999, c. 25, s. 15(Preamble);
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 67;
  • 2008, c. 18, s. 29.