Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-12-08 and last amended on 2014-12-06. Previous Versions

Organizations

Marginal note:Additional factors

 A court that imposes a sentence on an organization shall also take into consideration the following factors:

  • (a) any advantage realized by the organization as a result of the offence;

  • (b) the degree of planning involved in carrying out the offence and the duration and complexity of the offence;

  • (c) whether the organization has attempted to conceal its assets, or convert them, in order to show that it is not able to pay a fine or make restitution;

  • (d) the impact that the sentence would have on the economic viability of the organization and the continued employment of its employees;

  • (e) the cost to public authorities of the investigation and prosecution of the offence;

  • (f) any regulatory penalty imposed on the organization or one of its representatives in respect of the conduct that formed the basis of the offence;

  • (g) whether the organization was — or any of its representatives who were involved in the commission of the offence were — convicted of a similar offence or sanctioned by a regulatory body for similar conduct;

  • (h) any penalty imposed by the organization on a representative for their role in the commission of the offence;

  • (i) any restitution that the organization is ordered to make or any amount that the organization has paid to a victim of the offence; and

  • (j) any measures that the organization has taken to reduce the likelihood of it committing a subsequent offence.

  • 2003, c. 21, s. 14.

Punishment Generally

Marginal note:Degrees of punishment
  •  (1) Where an enactment prescribes different degrees or kinds of punishment in respect of an offence, the punishment to be imposed is, subject to the limitations prescribed in the enactment, in the discretion of the court that convicts a person who commits the offence.

  • Marginal note:Discretion respecting punishment

    (2) Where an enactment prescribes a punishment in respect of an offence, the punishment to be imposed is, subject to the limitations prescribed in the enactment, in the discretion of the court that convicts a person who commits the offence, but no punishment is a minimum punishment unless it is declared to be a minimum punishment.

  • Marginal note:Imprisonment in default where term not specified

    (3) Where an accused is convicted of an offence punishable with both fine and imprisonment and a term of imprisonment in default of payment of the fine is not specified in the enactment that prescribes the punishment to be imposed, the imprisonment that may be imposed in default of payment shall not exceed the term of imprisonment that is prescribed in respect of the offence.

  • Marginal note:Cumulative punishments

    (4) The court or youth justice court that sentences an accused may direct that the terms of imprisonment that are imposed by the court or the youth justice court or that result from the operation of subsection 734(4) or 743.5(1) or (2) shall be served consecutively, when

    • (a) the accused is sentenced while under sentence for an offence, and a term of imprisonment, whether in default of payment of a fine or otherwise, is imposed;

    • (b) the accused is found guilty or convicted of an offence punishable with both a fine and imprisonment and both are imposed;

    • (c) the accused is found guilty or convicted of more than one offence, and

      • (i) more than one fine is imposed,

      • (ii) terms of imprisonment for the respective offences are imposed, or

      • (iii) a term of imprisonment is imposed in respect of one offence and a fine is imposed in respect of another offence; or

    • (d) subsection 743.5(1) or (2) applies.

  • 1995, c. 22, s. 6;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 141;
  • 2002, c. 1, s. 182.