Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-06-12 and last amended on 2014-06-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Coming into force of order
  •  (1) A probation order comes into force

    • (a) on the date on which the order is made;

    • (b) where the offender is sentenced to imprisonment under paragraph 731(1)(b) or was previously sentenced to imprisonment for another offence, as soon as the offender is released from prison or, if released from prison on conditional release, at the expiration of the sentence of imprisonment; or

    • (c) where the offender is under a conditional sentence order, at the expiration of the conditional sentence order.

  • Marginal note:Duration of order and limit on term of order

    (2) Subject to subsection (5),

    • (a) where an offender who is bound by a probation order is convicted of an offence, including an offence under section 733.1, or is imprisoned under paragraph 731(1)(b) in default of payment of a fine, the order continues in force except in so far as the sentence renders it impossible for the offender for the time being to comply with the order; and

    • (b) no probation order shall continue in force for more than three years after the date on which the order came into force.

  • Marginal note:Changes to probation order

    (3) A court that makes a probation order may at any time, on application by the offender, the probation officer or the prosecutor, require the offender to appear before it and, after hearing the offender and one or both of the probation officer and the prosecutor,

    • (a) make any changes to the optional conditions that in the opinion of the court are rendered desirable by a change in the circumstances since those conditions were prescribed,

    • (b) relieve the offender, either absolutely or on such terms or for such period as the court deems desirable, of compliance with any optional condition, or

    • (c) decrease the period for which the probation order is to remain in force,

    and the court shall thereupon endorse the probation order accordingly and, if it changes the optional conditions, inform the offender of its action and give the offender a copy of the order so endorsed.

  • Marginal note:Judge may act in chambers

    (4) All the functions of the court under subsection (3) may be exercised in chambers.

  • Marginal note:Where person convicted of offence

    (5) Where an offender who is bound by a probation order is convicted of an offence, including an offence under section 733.1, and

    • (a) the time within which an appeal may be taken against that conviction has expired and the offender has not taken an appeal,

    • (b) the offender has taken an appeal against that conviction and the appeal has been dismissed, or

    • (c) the offender has given written notice to the court that convicted the offender that the offender elects not to appeal the conviction or has abandoned the appeal, as the case may be,

    in addition to any punishment that may be imposed for that offence, the court that made the probation order may, on application by the prosecutor, require the offender to appear before it and, after hearing the prosecutor and the offender,

    • (d) where the probation order was made under paragraph 731(1)(a), revoke the order and impose any sentence that could have been imposed if the passing of sentence had not been suspended, or

    • (e) make such changes to the optional conditions as the court deems desirable, or extend the period for which the order is to remain in force for such period, not exceeding one year, as the court deems desirable,

    and the court shall thereupon endorse the probation order accordingly and, if it changes the optional conditions or extends the period for which the order is to remain in force, inform the offender of its action and give the offender a copy of the order so endorsed.

  • Marginal note:Compelling appearance of person bound

    (6) The provisions of Parts XVI and XVIII with respect to compelling the appearance of an accused before a justice apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to proceedings under subsections (3) and (5).

  • 1995, c. 22, s. 6;
  • 2004, c. 12, s. 12(E).