Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-09-29 and last amended on 2014-09-19. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Firearm, etc., prohibitions
  •  (1) Before making a probation order, the court shall consider whether section 109 or 110 is applicable.

  • Marginal note:Application of section 109 or 110

    (2) For greater certainty, a condition of a probation order referred to in paragraph 732.1(3)(d) does not affect the operation of section 109 or 110.

  • 1992, c. 20, s. 201;
  • 1995, c. 22, s. 6;
  • 2002, c. 13, s. 73.
Marginal note:Intermittent sentence
  •  (1) Where the court imposes a sentence of imprisonment of ninety days or less on an offender convicted of an offence, whether in default of payment of a fine or otherwise, the court may, having regard to the age and character of the offender, the nature of the offence and the circumstances surrounding its commission, and the availability of appropriate accommodation to ensure compliance with the sentence, order

    • (a) that the sentence be served intermittently at such times as are specified in the order; and

    • (b) that the offender comply with the conditions prescribed in a probation order when not in confinement during the period that the sentence is being served and, if the court so orders, on release from prison after completing the intermittent sentence.

  • Marginal note:Application to vary intermittent sentence

    (2) An offender who is ordered to serve a sentence of imprisonment intermittently may, on giving notice to the prosecutor, apply to the court that imposed the sentence to allow it to be served on consecutive days.

  • Marginal note:Court may vary intermittent sentence if subsequent offence

    (3) Where a court imposes a sentence of imprisonment on a person who is subject to an intermittent sentence in respect of another offence, the unexpired portion of the intermittent sentence shall be served on consecutive days unless the court otherwise orders.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 732;
  • 1995, c. 22, s. 6.
Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) In this section and section 732.2,

    “change”

    « modification »

    “change”, in relation to optional conditions, includes deletions and additions;

    “optional conditions”

    « conditions facultatives »

    “optional conditions” means the conditions referred to in subsection (3) or (3.1).

  • Marginal note:Compulsory conditions of probation order

    (2) The court shall prescribe, as conditions of a probation order, that the offender do all of the following:

    • (a) keep the peace and be of good behaviour;

    • (a.1) abstain from communicating, directly or indirectly, with any victim, witness or other person identified in the order, or refrain from going to any place specified in the order, except in accordance with the conditions specified in the order that the court considers necessary, unless

      • (i) the victim, witness or other person gives their consent or, if the victim, witness or other person is a minor, the parent or guardian, or any other person who has the lawful care or charge of them, gives their consent, or

      • (ii) the court decides that, because of exceptional circumstances, it is not appropriate to impose the condition;

    • (b) appear before the court when required to do so by the court; and

    • (c) notify the court or the probation officer in advance of any change of name or address, and promptly notify the court or the probation officer of any change of employment or occupation.

  • Marginal note:Consent

    (2.1) For the purposes of subparagraph (2)(a.1)(i), the consent is valid only if it is given in writing or in the manner specified in the order.

  • Marginal note:Reasons

    (2.2) If the court makes the decision described in subparagraph (2)(a.1)(ii), it shall state the reasons for the decision in the record.

  • Marginal note:Optional conditions of probation order

    (3) The court may prescribe, as additional conditions of a probation order, that the offender do one or more of the following:

    • (a) report to a probation officer

      • (i) within two working days, or such longer period as the court directs, after the making of the probation order, and

      • (ii) thereafter, when required by the probation officer and in the manner directed by the probation officer;

    • (b) remain within the jurisdiction of the court unless written permission to go outside that jurisdiction is obtained from the court or the probation officer;

    • (c) abstain from

      • (i) the consumption of alcohol or other intoxicating substances, or

      • (ii) the consumption of drugs except in accordance with a medical prescription;

    • (d) abstain from owning, possessing or carrying a weapon;

    • (e) provide for the support or care of dependants;

    • (f) perform up to 240 hours of community service over a period not exceeding eighteen months;

    • (g) if the offender agrees, and subject to the program director’s acceptance of the offender, participate actively in a treatment program approved by the province;

    • (g.1) where the lieutenant governor in council of the province in which the probation order is made has established a program for curative treatment in relation to the consumption of alcohol or drugs, attend at a treatment facility, designated by the lieutenant governor in council of the province, for assessment and curative treatment in relation to the consumption by the offender of alcohol or drugs that is recommended pursuant to the program;

    • (g.2) where the lieutenant governor in council of the province in which the probation order is made has established a program governing the use of an alcohol ignition interlock device by an offender and if the offender agrees to participate in the program, comply with the program; and

    • (h) comply with such other reasonable conditions as the court considers desirable, subject to any regulations made under subsection 738(2), for protecting society and for facilitating the offender’s successful reintegration into the community.

  • Marginal note:Optional conditions — organization

    (3.1) The court may prescribe, as additional conditions of a probation order made in respect of an organization, that the offender do one or more of the following:

    • (a) make restitution to a person for any loss or damage that they suffered as a result of the offence;

    • (b) establish policies, standards and procedures to reduce the likelihood of the organization committing a subsequent offence;

    • (c) communicate those policies, standards and procedures to its representatives;

    • (d) report to the court on the implementation of those policies, standards and procedures;

    • (e) identify the senior officer who is responsible for compliance with those policies, standards and procedures;

    • (f) provide, in the manner specified by the court, the following information to the public, namely,

      • (i) the offence of which the organization was convicted,

      • (ii) the sentence imposed by the court, and

      • (iii) any measures that the organization is taking — including any policies, standards and procedures established under paragraph (b) — to reduce the likelihood of it committing a subsequent offence; and

    • (g) comply with any other reasonable conditions that the court considers desirable to prevent the organization from committing subsequent offences or to remedy the harm caused by the offence.

  • Marginal note:Consideration — organizations

    (3.2) Before making an order under paragraph (3.1)(b), a court shall consider whether it would be more appropriate for another regulatory body to supervise the development or implementation of the policies, standards and procedures referred to in that paragraph.

  • Marginal note:Form and period of order

    (4) A probation order may be in Form 46, and the court that makes the probation order shall specify therein the period for which it is to remain in force.

  • Marginal note:Obligations of court

    (5) The court that makes a probation order shall

    • (a) cause a copy of the order to be given to the offender;

    • (b) explain the conditions of the order set under subsections (2) to (3.1) and the substance of section 733.1 to the offender;

    • (c) cause an explanation to be given to the offender of the procedure for applying under subsection 732.2(3) for a change to the optional conditions and of the substance of subsections 732.2(3) and (5); and

    • (d) take reasonable measures to ensure that the offender understands the order and the explanations.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (6) For greater certainty, a failure to comply with subsection (5) does not affect the validity of the probation order.

  • 1995, c. 22, s. 6;
  • 1999, c. 32, s. 6(Preamble);
  • 2003, c. 21, s. 18;
  • 2008, c. 18, s. 37;
  • 2014, c. 21, s. 2.