Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2014-04-02 and last amended on 2013-12-12. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Render of accused in court by sureties

 A surety for a person who is bound by recognizance to appear may bring that person into the court at which he is required to appear at any time during the sittings thereof and before his trial and the surety may discharge his obligation under the recognizance by giving that person into the custody of the court, and the court shall thereupon commit that person to prison until he is discharged according to law.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 701.
Marginal note:Substitution of surety
  •  (1) Notwithstanding subsection 766(1) and section 767, where a surety for a person who is bound by a recognizance has rendered the person into the custody of a court pursuant to section 767 or applies to be relieved of his obligation under the recognizance pursuant to subsection 766(1), the court, justice or provincial court judge, as the case may be, may, instead of committing or issuing an order for the committal of the person to prison, substitute any other suitable person for the surety under the recognizance.

  • Marginal note:Signing of recognizance by new sureties

    (2) Where a person substituted for a surety under a recognizance pursuant to subsection (1) signs the recognizance, the original surety is discharged, but the recognizance and the order for judicial interim release pursuant to which the recognizance was entered into are not otherwise affected.

  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 167.
Marginal note:Rights of surety preserved

 Nothing in this Part limits or restricts any right that a surety has of taking and giving into custody any person for whom, under a recognizance, he is a surety.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 702.
Marginal note:Application of judicial interim release provisions

 Where a surety for a person has rendered him into custody and that person has been committed to prison, the provisions of Parts XVI, XXI and XXVII relating to judicial interim release apply, with such modifications as the circumstances require, in respect of him and he shall forthwith be taken before a justice or judge as an accused charged with an offence or as an appellant, as the case may be, for the purposes of those provisions.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 703;
  • R.S., c. 2(2nd Supp.), s. 14.
Marginal note:Default to be endorsed
  •  (1) Where, in proceedings to which this Act applies, a person who is bound by recognizance does not comply with a condition of the recognizance, a court, justice or provincial court judge having knowledge of the facts shall endorse or cause to be endorsed on the recognizance a certificate in Form 33 setting out

    • (a) the nature of the default;

    • (b) the reason for the default, if it is known;

    • (c) whether the ends of justice have been defeated or delayed by reason of the default; and

    • (d) the names and addresses of the principal and sureties.

  • Marginal note:Transmission to clerk of court

    (2) A recognizance that has been endorsed pursuant to subsection (1) shall be sent to the clerk of the court and shall be kept by him with the records of the court.

  • Marginal note:Certificate is evidence

    (3) A certificate that has been endorsed on a recognizance pursuant to subsection (1) is evidence of the default to which it relates.

  • Marginal note:Transmission of deposit

    (4) Where, in proceedings to which this section applies, the principal or surety has deposited money as security for the performance of a condition of a recognizance, that money shall be sent to the clerk of the court with the defaulted recognizance, to be dealt with in accordance with this Part.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 770;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203;
  • 1997, c. 18, s. 108.