Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Act current to 2016-03-28 and last amended on 2015-07-23. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Supplying noxious things

 Every one who unlawfully supplies or procures a drug or other noxious thing or an instrument or thing, knowing that it is intended to be used or employed to procure the miscarriage of a female person, whether or not she is pregnant, is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 252.

Venereal Diseases

 [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 41]

Offences Against Conjugal Rights

Marginal note:Bigamy
  •  (1) Every one commits bigamy who

    • (a) in Canada,

      • (i) being married, goes through a form of marriage with another person,

      • (ii) knowing that another person is married, goes through a form of marriage with that person, or

      • (iii) on the same day or simultaneously, goes through a form of marriage with more than one person; or

    • (b) being a Canadian citizen resident in Canada leaves Canada with intent to do anything mentioned in subparagraphs (a)(i) to (iii) and, pursuant thereto, does outside Canada anything mentioned in those subparagraphs in circumstances mentioned therein.

  • Marginal note:Matters of defence

    (2) No person commits bigamy by going through a form of marriage if

    • (a) that person in good faith and on reasonable grounds believes that his spouse is dead;

    • (b) the spouse of that person has been continuously absent from him for seven years immediately preceding the time when he goes through the form of marriage, unless he knew that his spouse was alive at any time during those seven years;

    • (c) that person has been divorced from the bond of the first marriage; or

    • (d) the former marriage has been declared void by a court of competent jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Incompetency no defence

    (3) Where a person is alleged to have committed bigamy, it is not a defence that the parties would, if unmarried, have been incompetent to contract marriage under the law of the place where the offence is alleged to have been committed.

  • Marginal note:Validity presumed

    (4) Every marriage or form of marriage shall, for the purpose of this section, be deemed to be valid unless the accused establishes that it was invalid.

  • Marginal note:Act or omission by accused

    (5) No act or omission on the part of an accused who is charged with bigamy invalidates a marriage or form of marriage that is otherwise valid.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 254.
Marginal note:Punishment
  •  (1) Every one who commits bigamy is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Marginal note:Certificate of marriage

    (2) For the purposes of this section, a certificate of marriage issued under the authority of law is evidence of the marriage or form of marriage to which it relates without proof of the signature or official character of the person by whom it purports to be signed.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 255.
Marginal note:Procuring feigned marriage
  •  (1) Every person who procures or knowingly aids in procuring a feigned marriage between himself and another person is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Marginal note:Corroboration

    (2) No person shall be convicted of an offence under this section on the evidence of only one witness unless the evidence of that witness is corroborated in a material particular by evidence that implicates the accused.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 256;
  • 1980-81-82-83, c. 125, s. 21.
Marginal note:Polygamy
  •  (1) Every one who

    • (a) practises or enters into or in any manner agrees or consents to practise or enter into

      • (i) any form of polygamy, or

      • (ii) any kind of conjugal union with more than one person at the same time,

      whether or not it is by law recognized as a binding form of marriage, or

    • (b) celebrates, assists or is a party to a rite, ceremony, contract or consent that purports to sanction a relationship mentioned in subparagraph (a)(i) or (ii),

    is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • Marginal note:Evidence in case of polygamy

    (2) Where an accused is charged with an offence under this section, no averment or proof of the method by which the alleged relationship was entered into, agreed to or consented to is necessary in the indictment or on the trial of the accused, nor is it necessary on the trial to prove that the persons who are alleged to have entered into the relationship had or intended to have sexual intercourse.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 257.
Marginal note:Forced marriage

 Everyone who celebrates, aids or participates in a marriage rite or ceremony knowing that one of the persons being married is marrying against their will is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • 2015, c. 29, s. 9.
Marginal note:Marriage under age of 16 years

 Everyone who celebrates, aids or participates in a marriage rite or ceremony knowing that one of the persons being married is under the age of 16 years is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years.

  • 2015, c. 29, s. 9.

Unlawful Solemnization of Marriage

Marginal note:Pretending to solemnize marriage

 Every one who

  • (a) solemnizes or pretends to solemnize a marriage without lawful authority, the proof of which lies on him, or

  • (b) procures a person to solemnize a marriage knowing that he is not lawfully authorized to solemnize the marriage,

is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 258.
Marginal note:Marriage contrary to law

 Everyone who, being lawfully authorized to solemnize marriage, knowingly solemnizes a marriage in contravention of federal law or the laws of the province in which the marriage is solemnized is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

  • R.S., 1985, c. C-46, s. 295;
  • 2015, c. 29, s. 10.

Blasphemous Libel

Marginal note:Offence
  •  (1) Every one who publishes a blasphemous libel is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

  • Marginal note:Question of fact

    (2) It is a question of fact whether or not any matter that is published is a blasphemous libel.

  • Marginal note:Saving

    (3) No person shall be convicted of an offence under this section for expressing in good faith and in decent language, or attempting to establish by argument used in good faith and conveyed in decent language, an opinion on a religious subject.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 260.

Defamatory Libel

Definition of newspaper

 In sections 303, 304 and 308, newspaper means any paper, magazine or periodical containing public news, intelligence or reports of events, or any remarks or observations thereon, printed for sale and published periodically or in parts or numbers, at intervals not exceeding thirty-one days between the publication of any two such papers, parts or numbers, and any paper, magazine or periodical printed in order to be dispersed and made public, weekly or more often, or at intervals not exceeding thirty-one days, that contains advertisements, exclusively or principally.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 261.
Marginal note:Definition
  •  (1) A defamatory libel is matter published, without lawful justification or excuse, that is likely to injure the reputation of any person by exposing him to hatred, contempt or ridicule, or that is designed to insult the person of or concerning whom it is published.

  • Marginal note:Mode of expression

    (2) A defamatory libel may be expressed directly or by insinuation or irony

    • (a) in words legibly marked on any substance; or

    • (b) by any object signifying a defamatory libel otherwise than by words.

  • R.S., c. C-34, s. 262.
 
Date modified: