Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Resources Accord Implementation Act (S.C. 1988, c. 28)

Act current to 2016-04-12 and last amended on 2016-02-27. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Offence by officers, etc., of corporation
  •  (1) If a corporation commits an offence under this Part, any of the following individuals who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence and is liable on conviction to the punishment provided for the offence, whether or not the corporation has been prosecuted or convicted:

    • (a) an officer, director or agent of the corporation; and

    • (b) any other individual exercising managerial or supervisory functions in the corporation.

  • Marginal note:Offence by employee or agent

    (2) In a prosecution for an offence under this Part, it is sufficient proof of the offence to establish that it was committed by an employee or agent of the accused, whether or not the employee or agent is identified or has been prosecuted for the offence.

  • 1988, c. 28, s. 200;
  • 1992, c. 35, s. 119;
  • 2014, c. 13, s. 79.
Marginal note:Imprisonment precluded in certain cases

 If an individual is convicted of an offence under this Part on proceedings by way of summary conviction, no imprisonment may be imposed in default of payment of any fine imposed as punishment.

  • 2014, c. 13, s. 79.

 [Repealed, 2015, c. 4, s. 117]

 [Repealed, 2015, c. 4, s. 117]

 [Repealed, 2015, c. 4, s. 117]

 [Repealed, 2015, c. 4, s. 117]

Marginal note:Order of court
  •  (1) If a person is found guilty of an offence under this Part, the court may, having regard to the nature of the offence and the circumstances surrounding its commission, in addition to any other punishment that may be imposed under this Part, make an order that has any or all of the following effects:

    • (a) prohibiting the offender from committing an act or engaging in an activity that may, in the opinion of the court, result in the continuation or repetition of the offence;

    • (b) directing the offender to take any action that the court considers appropriate to remedy or avoid any harm to the environment that results or may result from the act or omission that constituted the offence;

    • (c) directing the offender to take any measures that the court considers appropriate to avoid any injury or damage that may result from the act or omission that constituted the offence, or to remedy any injury or damage resulting from it;

    • (d) directing the offender to carry out environmental effects monitoring in the manner established by the Board or directing the offender to pay, in the manner specified by the court, an amount of money for the purposes of environmental effects monitoring;

    • (e) directing the offender to make changes to their environmental management system that are satisfactory to the Board;

    • (f) directing the offender to have an environmental audit conducted by a person of a class and at the times specified by the Board and directing the offender to remedy any deficiencies revealed during the audit;

    • (g) directing the offender to pay to Her Majesty in right of Canada, for the purpose of promoting the conservation, protection or restoration of the environment, or to pay into the Environmental Damages Fund — an account in the accounts of Canada — an amount of money that the court considers appropriate;

    • (h) directing the offender to pay to the Board an amount of money that the court considers appropriate for the purpose of conducting research, education and training in matters related to the protection of the environment, conservation of petroleum resources or safety of petroleum operations;

    • (i) directing the offender to publish, in the manner specified by the court, the facts relating to the commission of the offence and the details of the punishment imposed, including any orders made under this subsection;

    • (j) directing the offender to submit to the Chief Safety Officer, on application by the Chief Safety Officer within three years after the conviction, any information with respect to the offender’s activities that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances;

    • (k) directing the offender to notify, at the offender’s own cost and in the manner specified by the court, any person aggrieved or affected by the offender’s conduct of the facts relating to the commission of the offence and of the details of the punishment imposed, including any orders made under this subsection;

    • (l) directing the offender to post a bond or pay an amount of money into court that the court considers appropriate to ensure that the offender complies with any prohibition, direction, requirement or condition that is specified in the order;

    • (m) directing the offender to perform community service, subject to any reasonable conditions that may be imposed by the court;

    • (n) directing the offender to pay, in the manner specified by the court, an amount of money to environmental, health or other groups to assist in their work;

    • (o) directing the offender to pay, in the manner specified by the court, an amount of money to an educational institution including for scholarships for students enrolled in studies related to the environment;

    • (p) requiring the offender to comply with any conditions that the court considers appropriate in the circumstances for securing the offender’s good conduct and for preventing the offender from repeating the same offence or committing another offence under this Part;

    • (q) prohibiting the offender from taking measures to acquire an interest or from applying for any new licence or other authorization under this Act during any period that the court considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Coming into force and duration of order

    (2) An order made under subsection (1) comes into force on the day on which the order is made or on any other day that the court may determine, but shall not continue in force for more than three years after that day.

  • Marginal note:Publication

    (3) If an offender does not comply with an order requiring the publication of facts relating to the offence and the details of the punishment, the Board may, in the manner that the court directed the offender, publish those facts and details and recover the costs of publication from the offender.

  • Marginal note:Debt due to Board

    (4) If the Board incurs publication costs under subsection (3), the costs constitute a debt due to the Board and may be recovered in any court of competent jurisdiction.

  • 1988, c. 28, s. 201;
  • 2015, c. 4, ss. 101, 117.
Marginal note:Variation of sanctions
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if a court has made, in relation to an offender, an order under section 201, the court may, on application by the offender or the Board, require the offender to appear before it and, after hearing the offender and the Board, vary the order in one or more of the following ways that the court considers appropriate because of a change in the offender’s circumstances since the order was made:

    • (a) by making changes to any prohibition, direction, requirement or condition that is specified in the order for any period or by extending the period during which the order is to remain in force, not exceeding one year; or

    • (b) by decreasing the period during which the order is to remain in force or by relieving the offender of compliance with any condition that is specified in the order, either absolutely or partially or for any period.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (2) Before making an order under subsection (1), the court may direct that notice be given to any persons that the court considers to be interested, and may hear any of those persons.

  • 2015, c. 4, s. 101.
Marginal note:Subsequent applications with leave

 If an application made under subsection 201.1(1) in relation to an offender has been heard by a court, no other application may be made under section 201.1 in relation to the offender except with leave of the court.

  • 2015, c. 4, s. 101.
Marginal note:Recovery of fines and amounts

 If a person is convicted of an offence under this Part and a fine that is imposed is not paid when required or if a court orders an offender to pay an amount under subsection 201(1) or 201.1(1), the prosecutor may, by filing the conviction or order, as the case may be, enter as a judgment the amount of the fine or the amount ordered to be paid, and costs, if any, in the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia, and the judgment is enforceable against the person in the same manner as if it were a judgment rendered against them in that Court in civil proceedings.

  • 2015, c. 4, s. 101.
Marginal note:Continuing offences

 Where an offence under this Part is committed on more than one day or is continued for more than one day, it shall be deemed to be a separate offence for each day on which the offence is committed or continued.

 
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