Excise Act, 2001 (S.C. 2002, c. 22)

Act current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-06-22. Previous Versions

Marginal note:References to other enactments

 A reference in this Act to a repealed enactment, or a portion of it, of the legislature of a province or territory shall, with respect to a subsequent transaction, matter or thing, be read as a reference to the provisions of any enactment replacing the repealed enactment or portion that relate to the same subject-matter as the repealed enactment or portion. If there is no replacement enactment or portion, or if there are no provisions in the replacement enactment that relate to the same subject-matter, the repealed enactment or portion shall be read as unrepealed in so far as is necessary to maintain or give effect to the reference.

Meaning of administration or enforcement of this Act

 For greater certainty, a reference in this Act to administration or enforcement of this Act includes the collection of any amount payable under this Act.

Marginal note:Constructive possession
  •  (1) For the purposes of section 25.2, subsections 25.3(1), 30(1), 32(1) and 32.1(1), section 61, subsections 70(1) and 88(1), sections 230 and 231 and subsection 238.1(1), if one of two or more persons, with the knowledge and consent of the rest of them, has anything in the person’s possession, it is deemed to be in the custody and possession of each and all of them.

  • Meaning of possession

    (2) In this section and in section 25.2, subsections 25.3(1), 30(1), 32(1) and 32.1(1), section 61 and subsections 70(1), 88(1) and 238.1(1), possession means not only having in one’s own personal possession but also knowingly

    • (a) having in the actual possession or custody of another person; or

    • (b) having in any place, whether belonging to or occupied by one’s self or not, for one’s own use or benefit or that of another person.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 5;
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 51;
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 39.
Marginal note:Arm’s length
  •  (1) For the purposes of this Act,

    • (a) related persons are deemed not to deal with each other at arm’s length; and

    • (b) it is a question of fact whether persons not related to each other were, at any particular time, dealing with each other at arm’s length.

  • Marginal note:Related persons

    (2) For the purposes of this Act, persons are related to each other if they are related persons within the meaning of subsections 251(2) to (6) of the Income Tax Act, except that

    • (a) a reference in those subsections to “corporation” shall be read as a reference to “corporation or partnership”; and

    • (b) a reference in those subsections to “shares” or “shareholders” shall, in respect of a partnership, be read as a reference to “rights” or “partners”, respectively.

  • Marginal note:Associated persons

    (3) For the purposes of this Act, a particular corporation is associated with another corporation if, by reason of subsections 256(1) to (6) of the Income Tax Act, the particular corporation is associated with the other corporation for the purposes of that Act.

  • Marginal note:Corporations controlled by same person or group

    (4) For the purposes of this Act, a person other than a corporation is associated with a particular corporation if the particular corporation is controlled by the person or by a group of persons of which the person is a member and each of whom is associated with each of the others.

  • Marginal note:Partnership or trust

    (5) For the purposes of this Act, a person is associated with

    • (a) a partnership if the total of the shares of the profits of the partnership to which the person and all other persons who are associated with the person are entitled is more than half of the total profits of the partnership, or would be more than half of the total profits of the partnership if it had profits; and

    • (b) a trust if the total of the values of the interests in the trust of the person and all other persons who are associated with the person is more than half of the total value of all interests in the trust.

  • Marginal note:Association with third person

    (6) For the purposes of this Act, a person is associated with another person if each of them is associated with the same third person.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 6;
  • 2010, c. 25, s. 108.

PART 1Application and Administrative Matters

Application to Her Majesty

Marginal note:Act binding on Her Majesty

 This Act is binding on Her Majesty and Her Majesty in right of a province.

Administration and Officers

Marginal note:Minister’s duty

 The Minister shall administer and enforce this Act and the Commissioner may exercise the powers and perform the duties of the Minister under this Act.

Marginal note:Officers and employees
  •  (1) The officers, employees and agents that are necessary to administer and enforce this Act shall be appointed, employed or engaged in the manner authorized by law.

  • Marginal note:Delegation of powers

    (2) The Minister may authorize a designated officer or agent or a class of officers or agents to exercise powers or perform duties of the Minister, including any judicial or quasi-judicial power or duty of the Minister, under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Authorization

    (3) The Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness may authorize a designated officer or agent, or a class of officers or agents, to exercise powers and perform duties of that Minister under section 68.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 9;
  • 2005, c. 38, ss. 93, 145.
Marginal note:Designation of police forces
  •  (1) The Minister and the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness may designate any police force in Canada for the purposes of the enforcement of any of the provisions of this Act that are specified in the designation, subject to any terms and conditions specified in the designation, for any period specified in the designation.

  • Marginal note:Persons to have powers and duties of officers

    (2) All members of a police force designated under subsection (1) have the powers and duties of an officer for the purposes of the enforcement of the provisions of this Act specified in the designation.

  • Marginal note:Designation to be published

    (3) A designation under subsection (1) or any variation or cancellation of that designation must be published in the Canada Gazette and is not effective before it is so published.

  • 2002, c. 22, s. 10;
  • 2005, c. 10, s. 34.
Marginal note:Designation of analysts

 The Minister may designate any person or class of persons as an analyst for the purposes of this Act.

Marginal note:Administration of oaths

 Any officer, if designated by the Minister for the purpose, may administer oaths and take and receive affidavits, declarations and affirmations for the purposes of or incidental to the administration or enforcement of this Act, and every officer so designated has for those purposes all the powers of a commissioner for administering oaths or taking affidavits.

Inquiries

Marginal note:Authorization of inquiry
  •  (1) The Minister may, for any purpose related to the administration or enforcement of this Act, authorize any person, whether or not the person is an officer, to make any inquiry that the Minister considers necessary with reference to anything relating to the administration or enforcement of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Appointment of hearing officer

    (2) If the Minister authorizes a person to make an inquiry, the Minister shall without delay apply to the Tax Court for an order appointing a hearing officer before whom the inquiry will be held.

  • Marginal note:Powers of hearing officer

    (3) For the purposes of an inquiry, a hearing officer has all of the powers conferred on a commissioner under sections 4 and 5 of the Inquiries Act and that may be conferred on a commissioner under section 11 of that Act.

  • Marginal note:When powers to be exercised

    (4) A hearing officer shall exercise the powers conferred on a commissioner under section 4 of the Inquiries Act in relation to any person that the person authorized to make the inquiry considers appropriate for the conduct of the inquiry, but the hearing officer shall not exercise the power to punish any person unless, on application by the hearing officer, a judge certifies that the power may be exercised in the matter disclosed in the application and the applicant has given to the person in respect of whom the power is proposed to be exercised 24 hours notice of the hearing of the application, or any shorter notice that the judge considers reasonable.

  • Marginal note:Rights of witnesses

    (5) Any person who gives evidence in an inquiry is entitled to be represented by counsel and, on request made by the person to the Minister, to receive a transcript of that evidence.

  • Marginal note:Rights of person investigated

    (6) Any person whose affairs are investigated in the course of an inquiry is entitled to be present and to be represented by counsel throughout the inquiry unless the hearing officer, on application by the Minister or a person giving evidence, orders otherwise in relation to the whole or any part of the inquiry, on the ground that the presence of the person and their counsel, or either of them, would be prejudicial to the effective conduct of the inquiry.

 
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