Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

Act current to 2014-06-12 and last amended on 2014-04-01. Previous Versions

Offences under this Part (Enforcement)

Marginal note:Offence requiring intent — dual procedure

 Every person who wilfully contravenes subsection 479(4) (refusal to obey order to leave polling place) is guilty of an offence.

Offences under Part 21 (General)

Marginal note:Strict liability offence — summary conviction
  •  (1) Every person who contravenes subsection 548(1) (removal of posted election documents) is guilty of an offence.

  • Marginal note:Offences requiring intent — dual procedure

    (2) Every person is guilty of an offence who

    • (a) knowingly contravenes subsection 549(3) (taking false oath) or 549(4) (compelling or inducing false oath); or

    • (b) being a candidate, knowingly contravenes section 550 (signing document that limits freedom of action in Parliament).

Punishment

Marginal note:Punishment — strict liability offences
  •  (1) Every person who is guilty of an offence under any of subsections 484(1), 486(1), 489(1), 491(1), 492(1), 495(1), 496(1), 497(1) and 499(1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three months, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Punishment — offences requiring intent (summary conviction)

    (2) Every person who is guilty of an offence under any of subsection 485(1), paragraph 487(1)(a), subsections 488(1), 489(2) and 491(2), section 493 and subsection 495(2) is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $1,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three months, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Punishment — offences requiring intent (summary conviction)

    (3) Every person who is guilty of an offence under any of subsections 484(2), 486(2), 495(3) and 497(2) is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than six months, or to both.

  • (3.1) Every person who is guilty of an offence under paragraph 487(1)(b) is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Punishment — offences requiring intent (summary conviction — fine only)

    (4) Every person who is guilty of an offence under subsection 495(4) is liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $25,000.

  • Marginal note:Punishment — offences requiring intent (dual procedure)

    (5) Every person who is guilty of an offence under any of subsections 480(1) and (2), sections 481 to 483, subsections 484(3), 485(2), 486(3), 487(2), 488(2) and 489(3), section 490, subsections 491(3) and 492(2), section 494, subsections 495(5), 496(2) and 497(3), section 498 and subsection 499(2) is liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $2,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than one year, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $5,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Additional punishment — third parties

    (6) Every third party that is guilty of an offence under paragraph 496(1)(a) or (2)(a) is, in addition to the punishment provided under subsection (1) or (5), liable to a fine of up to five times the amount by which the third party exceeded the election advertising expense limit in question.

  • 2000, c. 9, s. 500;
  • 2007, c. 21, s. 39.1.