Canada Elections Act (S.C. 2000, c. 9)

Act current to 2014-12-18 and last amended on 2014-10-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:More than one application

 If a judge receives more than one application for a recount for more than one electoral district, the recounts shall be conducted in the order in which the judge receives the applications.

Marginal note:Right of candidate to attend
  •  (1) Each candidate and up to three of his or her representatives may attend at a recount. If a candidate is not present and is not represented at the recount, no more than three electors are entitled to attend on the candidate’s behalf.

  • Marginal note:No other person may attend

    (2) Except with the permission of the judge, no person other than those described in subsection (1) and the returning officer may be present at the recount.

Marginal note:Recount procedure
  •  (1) The judge shall conduct the recount by adding the number of votes reported in the statements of the vote or by counting the valid ballots or all of the ballots returned by the deputy returning officers or the Chief Electoral Officer.

  • Marginal note:Documents that may be examined

    (2) If a recount of all of the ballots returned is required, the judge may open the sealed envelopes that contain the used and counted, unused, rejected and spoiled ballots. The judge shall not open any envelopes that appear to contain other documents or refer to any other election documents.

  • Marginal note:Steps to be taken by judge

    (3) At a recount, the judge shall

    • (a) count the ballots in the manner prescribed for a deputy returning officer or a special ballot officer;

    • (b) verify or correct, if necessary, each statement of the vote; and

    • (c) review the decision of the returning officer with respect to the number of votes cast for a candidate, in the case of a missing or destroyed ballot box or statement of the vote.

  • Marginal note:Powers of judge

    (4) For the purpose of arriving at the facts with respect to a missing ballot box or statement of the vote, the judge has all the powers of a returning officer with regard to the attendance and examination of witnesses who, in case of non-attendance, are subject to the same consequences as in the case of refusal or neglect to attend on the summons of a returning officer.

  • Marginal note:Additional powers of judge

    (5) For the purpose of conducting a recount, a judge has the power to summon any deputy returning officer or poll clerk as a witness and to require him or her to give evidence on oath and, for that purpose, has the same power that is vested in any court of record.

  • Marginal note:Clerical assistants

    (6) Subject to the approval of the Chief Electoral Officer, a judge may retain the services of support staff to assist in the performance of his or her duties under this Part.

Marginal note:Proceedings to be continuous

 The judge shall, as far as practicable, proceed continuously with a recount, except for necessary breaks and, unless the judge orders otherwise, between 6:00 p.m. and 9:00 a.m.