Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (S.C. 2001, c. 27)

Act current to 2014-04-02 and last amended on 2014-02-06. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Decision
  •  (1) After considering the appeal, the Refugee Appeal Division shall make one of the following decisions:

    • (a) confirm the determination of the Refugee Protection Division;

    • (b) set aside the determination and substitute a determination that, in its opinion, should have been made; or

    • (c) refer the matter to the Refugee Protection Division for re-determination, giving the directions to the Refugee Protection Division that it considers appropriate.

  • (1.1) [Repealed, 2012, c. 17, s. 37]

  • Marginal note:Referrals

    (2) The Refugee Appeal Division may make the referral described in paragraph (1)(c) only if it is of the opinion that

    • (a) the decision of the Refugee Protection Division is wrong in law, in fact or in mixed law and fact; and

    • (b) it cannot make a decision under paragraph 111(1)(a) or (b) without hearing evidence that was presented to the Refugee Protection Division.

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 111;
  • 2010, c. 8, s. 14;
  • 2012, c. 17, s. 37.

Regulations

Marginal note:Regulations
  •  (1) The regulations may provide for any matter relating to the application of this Division, and may include provisions respecting

    • (a) time limits for the provision of documents and information under subsection 99(3.1) or 100(4);

    • (b) time limits for the hearing referred to in subsection 100(4.1);

    • (c) exceptions to the application of paragraph 110(2)(d);

    • (d) time limits for the filing and perfecting of an appeal under subsection 110(2.1); and

    • (e) time limits for the making of a decision by the Refugee Appeal Division, the extension of those time limits and the circumstances in which they do not apply.

  • Marginal note:Clarification — regulations made under paragraph (1)(b)

    (2) With respect to claimants who are nationals of a country that is, on the day on which their claim is made, a country designated under subsection 109.1(1), regulations made under paragraph (1)(b) may provide for time limits that are different from the time limits for other claimants.

  • 2010, c. 8, s. 14.1;
  • 2012, c. 17, s. 59.

Division 3Pre-removal Risk Assessment

Protection

Marginal note:Application for protection
  •  (1) A person in Canada, other than a person referred to in subsection 115(1), may, in accordance with the regulations, apply to the Minister for protection if they are subject to a removal order that is in force or are named in a certificate described in subsection 77(1).

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Despite subsection (1), a person may not apply for protection if

    • (a) they are the subject of an authority to proceed issued under section 15 of the Extradition Act;

    • (b) they have made a claim to refugee protection that has been determined under paragraph 101(1)(e) to be ineligible;

    • (b.1) subject to subsection (2.1), less than 12 months, or, in the case of a person who is a national of a country that is designated under subsection 109.1(1), less than 36 months, have passed since their claim for refugee protection was last rejected — unless it was deemed to be rejected under subsection 109(3) or was rejected on the basis of section E or F of Article 1 of the Refugee Convention — or determined to be withdrawn or abandoned by the Refugee Protection Division or the Refugee Appeal Division;

    • (c) subject to subsection (2.1), less than 12 months, or, in the case of a person who is a national of a country that is designated under subsection 109.1(1), less than 36 months, have passed since their last application for protection was rejected or determined to be withdrawn or abandoned by the Refugee Protection Division or the Minister.

    • (d[Repealed, 2012, c. 17, s. 38]

  • Marginal note:Exemption

    (2.1) The Minister may exempt from the application of paragraph (2)(b.1) or (c)

    • (a) the nationals — or, in the case of persons who do not have a country of nationality, the former habitual residents — of a country;

    • (b) the nationals or former habitual residents of a country who, before they left the country, lived in a given part of that country; and

    • (c) a class of nationals or former habitual residents of a country.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2.2) However, an exemption made under subsection (2.1) does not apply to persons in respect of whom, after the day on which the exemption comes into force, a decision is made respecting their claim for refugee protection by the Refugee Protection Division or, if an appeal is made, by the Refugee Appeal Division.

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (2.3) The regulations may govern any matter relating to the application of subsection (2.1) or (2.2) and may include provisions establishing the criteria to be considered when an exemption is made.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (3) Refugee protection may not result from an application for protection if the person

    • (a) is determined to be inadmissible on grounds of security, violating human or international rights or organized criminality;

    • (b) is determined to be inadmissible on grounds of serious criminality with respect to a conviction in Canada of an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years or with respect to a conviction outside Canada for an offence that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years;

    • (c) made a claim to refugee protection that was rejected on the basis of section F of Article 1 of the Refugee Convention; or

    • (d) is named in a certificate referred to in subsection 77(1).

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 112;
  • 2010, c. 8, s. 15;
  • 2012, c. 17, ss. 38, 60, 84.