Income Tax Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.))

Act current to 2016-05-12 and last amended on 2015-12-31. Previous Versions

PART XVI.1Transfer Pricing

Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) The definitions in this subsection apply in this section.

    arm’s length allocation

    attribution de pleine concurrence

    arm’s length allocation means, in respect of a transaction, an allocation of profit or loss that would have occurred between the participants in the transaction if they had been dealing at arm’s length with each other. (attribution de pleine concurrence)

    arm’s length transfer price

    prix de transfert de pleine concurrence

    arm’s length transfer price means, in respect of a transaction, an amount that would have been a transfer price in respect of the transaction if the participants in the transaction had been dealing at arm’s length with each other. (prix de transfert de pleine concurrence)

    documentation-due date

    date limite de production

    documentation-due date for a taxation year or fiscal period of a person or partnership means

    • (a) in the case of a person, the person’s filing-due date for the year; or

    • (b) in the case of a partnership, the day on or before which a return is required by section 229 of the Income Tax Regulations to be filed in respect of the period or would be required to be so filed if that section applied to the partnership. (date limite de production)

    qualifying cost contribution arrangement

    arrangement admissible de participation au coût

    qualifying cost contribution arrangement means an arrangement under which reasonable efforts are made by the participants in the arrangement to establish a basis for contributing to, and to contribute on that basis to, the cost of producing, developing or acquiring any property, or acquiring or performing any services, in proportion to the benefits which each participant is reasonably expected to derive from the property or services, as the case may be, as a result of the arrangement. (arrangement admissible de participation au coût)

    tax benefit

    avantage fiscal

    tax benefit has the meaning assigned by subsection 245(1). (avantage fiscal)

    transaction

    opération

    transaction includes an arrangement or event. (opération)

    transfer price

    prix de transfert

    transfer price means, in respect of a transaction, an amount paid or payable or an amount received or receivable, as the case may be, by a participant in the transaction as a price, a rental, a royalty, a premium or other payment for, or for the use, production or reproduction of, property or as consideration for services (including services provided as an employee and the insurance or reinsurance of risks) as part of the transaction. (prix de transfert)

    transfer pricing capital adjustment

    redressement de capital

    transfer pricing capital adjustment of a taxpayer for a taxation year means the total of

    • (a) all amounts each of which is

      • (i) 1/2 of the amount, if any, by which the adjusted cost base to the taxpayer of a capital property (other than a depreciable property) is reduced in the year because of an adjustment made under subsection (2),

      • (ii) 3/4 of the amount, if any, by which the adjusted cost base to the taxpayer of an eligible capital expenditure of the taxpayer in respect of a business is reduced in the year because of an adjustment made under subsection (2), or

      • (iii) the amount, if any, by which the capital cost to the taxpayer of a depreciable property is reduced in the year because of an adjustment made under subsection (2); and

    • (b) all amounts each of which is that proportion of the total of

      • (i) 1/2 of the amount, if any, by which the adjusted cost base to a partnership of a capital property (other than a depreciable property) is reduced in a fiscal period that ends in the year because of an adjustment made under subsection (2),

      • (ii) 3/4 of the amount, if any, by which the adjusted cost base to a partnership of an eligible capital expenditure of the partnership in respect of a business is reduced in a fiscal period that ends in the year because of an adjustment made under subsection (2), and

      • (iii) the amount, if any, by which the capital cost to a partnership of a depreciable property is reduced in the period because of an adjustment made under subsection (2),

      that

      • (iv) the taxpayer’s share of the income or loss of the partnership for the period

      is of

      • (v) the income or loss of the partnership for the period,

      and where the income and loss of the partnership are nil for the period, the income of the partnership for the period is deemed to be $1,000,000 for the purpose of determining a taxpayer’s share of the partnership’s income for the purpose of this definition. (redressement de capital)

    transfer pricing capital setoff adjustment

    redressement compensatoire de capital

    transfer pricing capital setoff adjustment of a taxpayer for a taxation year means the amount, if any, that would be the taxpayer’s transfer pricing capital adjustment for the year if the references, in the definition transfer pricing capital adjustment, to “reduced” were read as “increased”. (redressement compensatoire de capital)

    transfer pricing income adjustment

    redressement de revenu

    transfer pricing income adjustment of a taxpayer for a taxation year means the total of all amounts each of which is the amount, if any, by which an adjustment made under subsection 247(2) (other than an adjustment included in determining a transfer pricing capital adjustment of the taxpayer for a taxation year) would result in an increase in the taxpayer’s income for the year or a decrease in a loss of the taxpayer for the year from a source if that adjustment were the only adjustment made under subsection 247(2). (redressement de revenu)

    transfer pricing income setoff adjustment

    redressement compensatoire de revenu

    transfer pricing income setoff adjustment of a taxpayer for a taxation year means the total of all amounts each of which is the amount, if any, by which an adjustment made under subsection 247(2) (other than an adjustment included in determining a transfer pricing capital setoff adjustment of the taxpayer for a taxation year) would result in a decrease in the taxpayer’s income for the year or an increase in a loss of the taxpayer for the year from a source if that adjustment were the only adjustment made under subsection 247(2). (redressement compensatoire de revenu)

  • Marginal note:Transfer pricing adjustment

    (2) Where a taxpayer or a partnership and a non-resident person with whom the taxpayer or the partnership, or a member of the partnership, does not deal at arm’s length (or a partnership of which the non-resident person is a member) are participants in a transaction or a series of transactions and

    • (a) the terms or conditions made or imposed, in respect of the transaction or series, between any of the participants in the transaction or series differ from those that would have been made between persons dealing at arm’s length, or

    • (b) the transaction or series

      • (i) would not have been entered into between persons dealing at arm’s length, and

      • (ii) can reasonably be considered not to have been entered into primarily for bona fide purposes other than to obtain a tax benefit,

    any amounts that, but for this section and section 245, would be determined for the purposes of this Act in respect of the taxpayer or the partnership for a taxation year or fiscal period shall be adjusted (in this section referred to as an “adjustment”) to the quantum or nature of the amounts that would have been determined if,

    • (c) where only paragraph 247(2)(a) applies, the terms and conditions made or imposed, in respect of the transaction or series, between the participants in the transaction or series had been those that would have been made between persons dealing at arm’s length, or

    • (d) where paragraph 247(2)(b) applies, the transaction or series entered into between the participants had been the transaction or series that would have been entered into between persons dealing at arm’s length, under terms and conditions that would have been made between persons dealing at arm’s length.

  • Marginal note:Penalty

    (3) A taxpayer (other than a taxpayer all of whose taxable income for the year is exempt from tax under Part I) is liable to a penalty for a taxation year equal to 10% of the amount determined under paragraph 247(3)(a) in respect of the taxpayer for the year, where

    • (a) the amount, if any, by which

      • (i) the total of

        • (A) the taxpayer’s transfer pricing capital adjustment for the year, and

        • (B) the taxpayer’s transfer pricing income adjustment for the year

        exceeds the total of

      • (ii) the total of all amounts each of which is the portion of the taxpayer’s transfer pricing capital adjustment or transfer pricing income adjustment for the year that can reasonably be considered to relate to a particular transaction, where

        • (A) the transaction is a qualifying cost contribution arrangement in which the taxpayer or a partnership of which the taxpayer is a member is a participant, or

        • (B) in any other case, the taxpayer or a partnership of which the taxpayer is a member made reasonable efforts to determine arm’s length transfer prices or arm’s length allocations in respect of the transaction, and to use those prices or allocations for the purposes of this Act, and

      • (iii) the total of all amounts, each of which is the portion of the taxpayer’s transfer pricing capital setoff adjustment or transfer pricing income setoff adjustment for the year that can reasonably be considered to relate to a particular transaction, where

        • (A) the transaction is a qualifying cost contribution arrangement in which the taxpayer or a partnership of which the taxpayer is a member is a participant, or

        • (B) in any other case, the taxpayer or a partnership of which the taxpayer is a member made reasonable efforts to determine arm’s length transfer prices or arm’s length allocations in respect of the transaction, and to use those prices or allocations for the purposes of this Act,

    is greater than

    • (b) the lesser of

      • (i) 10% of the amount that would be the taxpayer’s gross revenue for the year if this Act were read without reference to subsection 247(2), subsections 69(1) and 69(1.2) and section 245, and

      • (ii) $5,000,000.

  • Marginal note:Contemporaneous documentation

    (4) For the purposes of subsection 247(3) and the definition qualifying cost contribution arrangement in subsection 247(1), a taxpayer or a partnership is deemed not to have made reasonable efforts to determine and use arm’s length transfer prices or arm’s length allocations in respect of a transaction or not to have participated in a transaction that is a qualifying cost contribution arrangement, unless the taxpayer or the partnership, as the case may be,

    • (a) makes or obtains, on or before the taxpayer’s or partnership’s documentation-due date for the taxation year or fiscal period, as the case may be, in which the transaction is entered into, records or documents that provide a description that is complete and accurate in all material respects of

      • (i) the property or services to which the transaction relates,

      • (ii) the terms and conditions of the transaction and their relationship, if any, to the terms and conditions of each other transaction entered into between the participants in the transaction,

      • (iii) the identity of the participants in the transaction and their relationship to each other at the time the transaction was entered into,

      • (iv) the functions performed, the property used or contributed and the risks assumed, in respect of the transaction, by the participants in the transaction,

      • (v) the data and methods considered and the analysis performed to determine the transfer prices or the allocations of profits or losses or contributions to costs, as the case may be, in respect of the transaction, and

      • (vi) the assumptions, strategies and policies, if any, that influenced the determination of the transfer prices or the allocations of profits or losses or contributions to costs, as the case may be, in respect of the transaction;

    • (b) for each subsequent taxation year or fiscal period, if any, in which the transaction continues, makes or obtains, on or before the taxpayer’s or partnership’s documentation-due date for that year or period, as the case may be, records or documents that completely and accurately describe each material change in the year or period to the matters referred to in any of subparagraphs 247(4)(a)(i) to 247(4)(a)(vi) in respect of the transaction; and

    • (c) provides the records or documents described in paragraphs 247(4)(a) and 247(4)(b) to the Minister within 3 months after service, made personally or by registered or certified mail, of a written request therefor.

  • Marginal note:Partner’s gross revenue

    (5) For the purpose of subparagraph 247(3)(b)(i), where a taxpayer is a member of a partnership in a taxation year, the taxpayer’s gross revenue for the year as a member of the partnership from any activities carried on by means of the partnership is deemed to be that proportion of the amount that would be the partnership’s gross revenue from the activities if it were a taxpayer (to the extent that amount does not include amounts received or receivable from other partnerships of which the taxpayer is a member in the year), for a fiscal period of the partnership that ends in the year, that

    • (a) the taxpayer’s share of the income or loss of the partnership from its activities for the period

    is of

    • (b) the income or loss of the partnership from its activities for the period,

    and where the income and loss of the partnership from its activities are nil for the period, the income of the partnership from its activities for the period is deemed to be $1,000,000 for the purpose of determining a taxpayer’s share of the partnership’s income from its activities for the purpose of this subsection.

  • Marginal note:Deemed member of partnership

    (6) For the purposes of this section, where a person is a member of a partnership that is a member of another partnership,

    • (a) the person is deemed to be a member of the other partnership; and

    • (b) the person’s share of the income or loss of the other partnership is deemed to be equal to the amount of that income or loss to which the person is directly or indirectly entitled.

  • Marginal note:Exclusion for loans to certain controlled foreign affiliates

    (7) Where, in a taxation year of a corporation resident in Canada, a non-resident person owes an amount to the corporation, the non-resident person is a controlled foreign affiliate of the corporation for the purpose of section 17 throughout the period in the year during which the amount is owing and it is established that the amount owing is an amount owing described in paragraph 17(8)(a) or (b), subsection (2) does not apply to adjust the amount of interest paid, payable or accruing in the year on the amount owing.

  • Marginal note:Exclusion  — certain guarantees

    (7.1) Subsection (2) does not apply to adjust an amount of consideration paid, payable or accruing to a corporation resident in Canada (in this subsection referred to as the “parent”) in a taxation year of the parent for the provision of a guarantee to a person or partnership (in this subsection referred to as the “lender”) for the repayment, in whole or in part, of a particular amount owing to the lender by a non-resident person, if

    • (a) the non-resident person is a controlled foreign affiliate of the parent for the purposes of section 17 throughout the period in the year during which the particular amount is owing; and

    • (b) it is established that the particular amount would be an amount owing described in paragraph 17(8)(a) or (b) if it were owed to the parent.

  • Marginal note:Provisions not applicable

    (8) Where subsection 247(2) would, if this Act were read without reference to sections 67 and 68 and subsections 69(1) and 69(1.2), apply to adjust an amount under this Act, sections 67 and 68 and subsections 69(1) and 69(1.2) shall not apply to determine the amount if subsection 247(2) is applied to adjust the amount.

  • Marginal note:Anti-avoidance

    (9) For the purposes of determining a taxpayer’s gross revenue under subparagraph 247(3)(b)(i) and subsection 247(5), a transaction or series of transactions is deemed not to have occurred, if one of the purposes of the transaction or series was to increase the taxpayer’s gross revenue for the purpose of subsection 247(3).

  • Marginal note:No adjustment unless appropriate

    (10) An adjustment (other than an adjustment that results in or increases a transfer pricing capital adjustment or a transfer pricing income adjustment of a taxpayer for a taxation year) shall not be made under subsection 247(2) unless, in the opinion of the Minister, the circumstances are such that it would be appropriate that the adjustment be made.

  • Marginal note:Provisions applicable to Part

    (11) Sections 152, 158, 159, 162 to 167 and Division J of Part I apply to this Part, with such modifications as the circumstances require.

  • Marginal note:Deemed dividends to non-residents

    (12) For the purposes of Part XIII, if a particular corporation that is a resident of Canada for the purposes of Part XIII would have a transfer pricing capital adjustment or a transfer pricing income adjustment for a taxation year, if the particular corporation, or a partnership of which the particular corporation is a member, had undertaken no transactions or series of transactions other than those in which a particular non-resident person, or a partnership of which the particular non-resident person is a member, that does not deal at arm’s length with the particular corporation (other than a corporation that was for the purposes of section 17 a controlled foreign affiliate of the particular corporation throughout the period during which the transaction or series of transactions occurred) was a participant,

    • (a) a dividend is deemed to have been paid by the particular corporation and received by the particular non-resident person immediately before the end of the taxation year; and

    • (b) the amount of the dividend is the amount, if any, by which

      • (i) the amount that would be the portion of the total of the particular corporation’s transfer pricing capital adjustment and transfer pricing income adjustment for the taxation year that could reasonably be considered to relate to the particular non-resident person if

        • (A) the only transactions or series of transactions undertaken by the particular corporation were those in which the particular non-resident person was a participant, and

        • (B) the definition transfer pricing capital adjustment in subsection (1) were read without reference to the references therein to “1/2 of” and “3/4 of”

      exceeds

      • (ii) the amount that would be the portion of the total of the particular corporation’s transfer pricing capital setoff adjustment, and transfer pricing income setoff adjustment, for the taxation year that could reasonably be considered to relate to the particular non-resident person if

        • (A) the only transactions or series of transactions undertaken by the particular corporation were those in which the particular non-resident person was a participant, and

        • (B) the definition transfer pricing capital adjustment in subsection (1) were read without reference to the references therein to “1/2 of” and “3/4 of”.

  • Marginal note:Repatriation

    (13) If a dividend is deemed by subsection (12) to have been paid by a corporation and received by a non-resident person, and a particular amount has been paid with the concurrence of the Minister by the non-resident person to the corporation,

    • (a) the amount of the dividend may be reduced by the amount (in this subsection referred to as the “reduction”) that the Minister considers appropriate, having regard to all the circumstances, and

    • (b) subsections 227(8.1) and (8.3) apply as if

      • (i) the amount of the dividend were not reduced, and

      • (ii) on the day on which the particular amount was paid, the corporation paid to the Receiver General an amount equal to the amount that would be required to be withheld and remitted under Part XIII in respect of the reduction.

  • Marginal note:Repatriation — interest

    (14) If the amount of a dividend is reduced under paragraph (13)(a), the amount of interest payable by a taxpayer because of paragraph (13)(b) may be reduced to the amount that the Minister considers appropriate, having regard to all the circumstances, including the provision of reciprocal treatment by the country in which the non-resident person referred to in subsection (13) is resident.

  • Marginal note:Non-application of provisions

    (15) Section 15, subsections 56(2) and 212.3(2) and section 246 do not apply in respect of an amount to the extent that a dividend is deemed by subsection (12) (determined without reference to subsection (13)) to have been paid in respect of the amount.

  • NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text;
  • see relevant amending Acts. 1998, c. 19, s. 238;
  • 1999, c. 22, s. 79;
  • 2001, c. 17, s. 187;
  • 2005, c. 19, s. 53;
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 54;
  • 2013, c. 40, s. 88.
 
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