Income Tax Act

Version of section 107.4 from 2017-01-01 to 2017-09-27:

Marginal note:Qualifying disposition
  •  (1) In this section, a qualifying disposition of a property means a disposition of the property before December 21, 2002 by a person or partnership, and a disposition of property after December 20, 2002 by an individual, (which person, partnership or individual is referred to in this subsection as the “contributor”) as a result of a transfer of the property to a particular trust where

    • (a) the disposition does not result in a change in the beneficial ownership of the property;

    • (b) the proceeds of disposition would, if this Act were read without reference to this section and sections 69 and 73, not be determined under any provision of this Act;

    • (c) the particular trust is resident in Canada at the time of the transfer;

    • (d) [Repealed, 2013, c. 34, s. 235]

    • (e) unless the contributor is a trust, there is immediately after the disposition no absolute or contingent right of a person or partnership (other than the contributor or, where the property was co-owned, each of the joint contributors) as a beneficiary (determined with reference to subsection 104(1.1)) under the particular trust;

    • (f) the contributor is not an individual (other than a trust described in any of paragraphs (a) to (e.1) of the definition trust in subsection 108(1)), if the particular trust is described in any of paragraphs (a) to (e.1) of the definition trust in subsection 108(1);

    • (g) the disposition is not part of a series of transactions or events

      • (i) that begins after December 17, 1999 and that includes the subsequent acquisition, for consideration given to a personal trust, of a capital interest or an income interest in the trust,

      • (ii) that begins after December 17, 1999 and that includes the disposition of all or part of a capital interest or an income interest in a personal trust, other than a disposition solely as a consequence of a distribution from a trust to a person or partnership in satisfaction of all or part of that interest, or

      • (iii) that begins after June 5, 2000 and that includes the transfer to the particular trust of particular property as consideration for the acquisition of a capital interest in the particular trust, if the particular property can reasonably be considered to have been received by the particular trust in order to fund a distribution (other than a distribution that is proceeds of disposition of a capital interest in the particular trust);

    • (h) the disposition is not, and is not part of, a transaction

      • (i) that occurs after December 17, 1999, and

      • (ii) that includes the giving to the contributor, for the disposition, of any consideration (other than consideration that is an interest of the contributor as a beneficiary under the particular trust or that is the assumption by the particular trust of debt for which the property can, at the time of the disposition, reasonably be considered to be security);

    • (i) subsection 73(1) does not apply to the disposition and would not apply to the disposition if

      • (i) no election had been made under that subsection, and

      • (ii) section 73 were read without reference to subsection 73(1.02); and

    • (j) if the contributor is an amateur athlete trust, a cemetery care trust, an employee life and health trust, an employee trust, a trust deemed by subsection 143(1) to exist in respect of a congregation that is a constituent part of a religious organization, a related segregated fund trust (within the meaning assigned by paragraph 138.1(1)(a)), a trust described in paragraph 149(1)(o.4) or a trust governed by an eligible funeral arrangement, an employees profit sharing plan, a registered disability savings plan, a registered education savings plan, a registered supplementary unemployment benefit plan or a TFSA, the particular trust is the same type of trust.

  • Marginal note:Application of paragraph (1)(a)

    (2) For the purpose of paragraph (1)(a),

    • (a) except where paragraph (b) applies, where a trust (in this paragraph and subsection (2.1) referred to as the “transferor trust”), in a period that does not exceed one day, disposes of one or more properties in the period to one or more other trusts, there is deemed to be no resulting change in the beneficial ownership of those properties if

      • (i) the transferor trust receives no consideration for the disposition, and

      • (ii) as a consequence of the disposition, the value of each beneficiary’s beneficial ownership at the beginning of the period under the transferor trust in each particular property of the transferor trust (or group of two or more properties of the transferor trust that are identical to each other) is the same as the value of the beneficiary’s beneficial ownership at the end of the period under the transferor trust and the other trust or trusts in each particular property (or in property that was immediately before the disposition included in the group of identical properties referred to above); and

    • (b) where a trust (in this paragraph referred to as the “transferor”) governed by a registered retirement savings plan or by a registered retirement income fund transfers a property to a trust (in this paragraph referred to as the “transferee”) governed by a registered retirement savings plan or by a registered retirement income fund, the transfer is deemed not to result in a change in the beneficial ownership of the property if the annuitant of the plan or fund that governs the transferor is also the annuitant of the plan or fund that governs the transferee.

  • Marginal note:Fractional interests

    (2.1) For the purpose of applying paragraph (2)(a) in respect of a transfer by a transferor trust of property that includes a share and money, the other trust or trusts referred to in that paragraph may receive, in lieu of a transfer of a fractional interest in a share that would otherwise be required, a disproportionate amount of money or interest in the share (the value of which does not exceed the lesser of $200 and the fair market value of the fractional interest).

  • Marginal note:Tax consequences of qualifying dispositions

    (3) Where at a particular time there is a qualifying disposition of a property by a person or partnership (in this subsection referred to as the “transferor”) to a trust (in this subsection referred to as the “transferee trust”),

    • (a) the transferor’s proceeds of disposition of the property are deemed to be

      • (i) where the transferor so elects in writing and files the election with the Minister on or before the transferor’s filing-due date for its taxation year that includes the particular time, or at any later time that is acceptable to the Minister, the amount specified in the election that is not less than the cost amount to the transferor of the property immediately before the particular time and not more than the fair market value of the property at the particular time, and

      • (ii) in any other case, the cost amount to the transferor of the property immediately before the particular time;

    • (b) the transferee trust’s cost of the property is deemed to be the amount, if any, by which

      • (i) the proceeds determined under paragraph (a) in respect of the qualifying disposition

      exceed

      • (ii) the amount by which the transferor’s loss otherwise determined from the qualifying disposition would be reduced because of subsection 100(4), paragraph 107(1)(c) or (d) or any of subsections 112(3) to (4.2), if the proceeds determined under paragraph (a) were equal to the fair market value of the property at the particular time;

    • (c) [Repealed, 2005, c. 30, s. 4]

    • (d) if the property was depreciable property of a prescribed class of the transferor and its capital cost to the transferor exceeds the cost at which the transferee trust is deemed by this subsection to have acquired the property, for the purposes of sections 13 and 20 and any regulations made for the purpose of paragraph 20(1)(a),

      • (i) the capital cost of the property to the transferee trust is deemed to be the amount that was the capital cost of the property to the transferor, and

      • (ii) the excess is deemed to have been allowed to the transferee trust in respect of the property under regulations made for the purpose of paragraph 20(1)(a) in computing income for taxation years that ended before the particular time;

    • (e) [Repealed, 2016, c. 12, s. 37]

    • (f) if, as a result of a transaction or event, the property was deemed to be taxable Canadian property of the transferor by this paragraph or any of paragraphs 44.1(2)(c), 51(1)(f), 85(1)(i) and 85.1(1)(a), subsection 85.1(5), paragraph 85.1(8)(b), subsections 87(4) and (5) and paragraphs 97(2)(c) and 107(3.1)(d), the property is also deemed to be, at any time that is within 60 months after the transaction or event, taxable Canadian property of the transferee trust;

    • (g) where the transferor is a related segregated fund trust (in this paragraph having the meaning assigned by section 138.1),

      • (i) paragraph 138.1(1)(i) does not apply in respect of a disposition of an interest in the transferor that occurs in connection with the qualifying disposition, and

      • (ii) in computing the amount determined under paragraph 138.1(1)(i) in respect of a subsequent disposition of an interest in the transferee trust where the interest is deemed to exist in connection with a particular life insurance policy, the acquisition fee (as defined by subsection 138.1(6)) in respect of the particular policy shall be determined as if each amount determined under any of paragraphs 138.1(6)(a) to (d) in respect of the policyholder’s interest in the transferor had been determined in respect of the policyholder’s interest in the transferee trust;

    • (h) if the transferor is a trust to which property had been transferred by an individual (other than a trust),

      • (i) where subsection 73(1) applied in respect of the property so transferred and it is reasonable to consider that the property was so transferred in anticipation of the individual ceasing to be resident in Canada, for the purposes of paragraph 104(4)(a.3) and the application of this paragraph to a disposition by the transferee trust after the particular time, the transferee trust is deemed after the particular time to be a trust to which the individual had transferred property in anticipation of the individual ceasing to reside in Canada and in circumstances to which subsection 73(1) applied, and

      • (ii) for the purposes of paragraph (j) of the definition excluded right or interest in subsection 128.1(10) and the application of this paragraph to a disposition by the transferee trust after the particular time, where the property so transferred was transferred in circumstances to which this subsection would apply if subsection (1) were read without reference to paragraphs (1)(h) and (i), the transferee trust is deemed after the particular time to be a trust an interest in which was acquired by the individual as a consequence of a qualifying disposition;

    • (i) if the transferor is a trust (other than a personal trust or a trust prescribed for the purposes of subsection 107(2)), the transferee trust is deemed to be neither a personal trust nor a trust prescribed for the purposes of subsection 107(2);

    • (j) if the transferor is a trust and a taxpayer disposes of all or part of a capital interest in the transferor because of the qualifying disposition and, as a consequence, acquires a capital interest or part of it in the transferee trust

      • (i) the taxpayer is deemed to dispose of the capital interest or part of it in the transferor for proceeds equal to the cost amount to the taxpayer of that interest or part of it immediately before the particular time, and

      • (ii) the taxpayer is deemed to acquire the capital interest or part of it in the transferee trust at a cost equal to the amount, if any, by which

        • (A) that cost amount

        exceeds

        • (B) the amount by which the taxpayer’s loss otherwise determined from the disposition referred to in subparagraph (i) would be reduced because of paragraph 107(1)(c) or (d) if the proceeds under that subparagraph were equal to the fair market value of the capital interest or part of it in the transferor immediately before the particular time;

    • (k) where the transferor is a trust, a taxpayer’s beneficial ownership in the property ceases to be derived from the taxpayer’s capital interest in the transferor because of the qualifying disposition and no part of the taxpayer’s capital interest in the transferor was disposed of because of the qualifying disposition, there shall, immediately after the particular time, be added to the cost otherwise determined of the taxpayer’s capital interest in the transferee trust, the amount determined by the formula

      A × [(B - C)/B] - D

      where

      A
      is the cost amount to the taxpayer of the taxpayer’s capital interest in the transferor immediately before the particular time,
      B
      is the fair market value immediately before the particular time of the taxpayer’s capital interest in the transferor,
      C
      is the fair market value at the particular time of the taxpayer’s capital interest in the transferor (determined as if the only property disposed of at the particular time were the particular property), and
      D
      is the lesser of
      • (i) the amount, if any, by which the cost amount to the taxpayer of the taxpayer’s capital interest in the transferor immediately before the particular time exceeds the fair market value of the taxpayer’s capital interest in the transferor immediately before the particular time, and

      • (ii) the maximum amount by which the taxpayer’s loss from a disposition of a capital interest otherwise determined could have been reduced because of paragraph 107(1)(c) or (d) if the taxpayer’s capital interest in the transferor had been disposed of immediately before the particular time;

    • (l) where paragraph (k) applies to the qualifying disposition in respect of a taxpayer, the amount that would be determined under that paragraph in respect of the qualifying disposition if the amount determined for D in that paragraph were nil shall, immediately after the particular time, be deducted in computing the cost otherwise determined of the taxpayer’s capital interest in the transferor;

    • (m) where paragraphs (j) and (k) do not apply in respect of the qualifying disposition, the transferor is deemed to acquire the capital interest or part of it in the transferee trust that is acquired as a consequence of the qualifying disposition

      • (i) where the transferee trust is a personal trust, at a cost equal to nil, and

      • (ii) in any other case, at a cost equal to the excess determined under paragraph (b) in respect of the qualifying disposition; and

    • (n) if the transferor is a trust and a taxpayer disposes of all or part of an income interest in the transferor because of the qualifying disposition and, as a consequence, acquires an income interest or a part of an income interest in the transferee trust, for the purpose of subsection 106(2), the taxpayer is deemed not to dispose of any part of the income interest in the transferor at the particular time.

  • Marginal note:Fair market value of vested interest in trust

    (4) Where

    • (a) a particular capital interest in a trust is held by a beneficiary at any time,

    • (b) the particular interest is vested indefeasibly at that time,

    • (c) the trust is not described in any of paragraphs (a) to (e.1) of the definition trust in subsection 108(1), and

    • (d) interests under the trust are not ordinarily disposed of for consideration that reflects the fair market value of the net assets of the trust,

    the fair market value of the particular interest at that time is deemed to be not less than the amount determined by the formula

    (A - B) × (C/D)

    where

    A
    is the total fair market value at that time of all properties of the trust,
    B
    is the total of all amounts each of which is the amount of a debt owing by the trust at that time or the amount of any other obligation of the trust to pay any amount that is outstanding at that time,
    C
    is the fair market value at that time of the particular interest (determined without reference to this subsection), and
    D
    is the total fair market value at that time of all interests as beneficiaries under the trust (determined without reference to this subsection).
  • NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text;
  • see relevant amending Acts. 2001, c. 17, s. 82;
  • 2005, c. 30, s. 4;
  • 2007, c. 35, s. 109;
  • 2008, c. 28, s. 10;
  • 2009, c. 2, s. 27;
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 11, c. 25, s. 18;
  • 2013, c. 34, s. 235;
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 27;
  • 2016, c. 12, s. 37.
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