Income Tax Act

Version of section 112 from 2017-05-01 to 2017-11-20:

Marginal note:Deduction of taxable dividends received by corporation resident in Canada
  •  (1) Where a corporation in a taxation year has received a taxable dividend from

    • (a) a taxable Canadian corporation, or

    • (b) a corporation resident in Canada (other than a non-resident-owned investment corporation or a corporation exempt from tax under this Part) and controlled by it,

    an amount equal to the dividend may be deducted from the income of the receiving corporation for the year for the purpose of computing its taxable income.

  • Marginal note:Dividends received from non-resident corporation

    (2) Where a taxpayer that is a corporation has, in a taxation year, received a dividend from a corporation (other than a foreign affiliate of the taxpayer) that was taxable under subsection 2(3) for the year and that has, throughout the period from June 18, 1971 to the time when the dividend was received, carried on a business in Canada through a permanent establishment as defined by regulation, an amount equal to that proportion of the dividend that the paying corporation’s taxable income earned in Canada for the immediately preceding year is of the whole of the amount that its taxable income for that year would have been if it had been resident in Canada throughout that year, may be deducted from the income of the receiving corporation for the taxation year for the purpose of computing its taxable income.

  • Marginal note:No deduction permitted

    (2.1) No deduction may be made under subsection (1) or (2) in computing the taxable income of a specified financial institution in respect of a dividend received by it on a share that was, at the time the dividend was received, a term preferred share, other than a dividend on a share of the capital stock of a corporation that was not acquired in the ordinary course of the business carried on by the institution, and for the purposes of this subsection, if a restricted financial institution received the dividend on a share of the capital stock of a mutual fund corporation or an investment corporation at any time after the mutual fund or investment corporation has elected under subsection 131(10) not to be a restricted financial institution, the share is deemed to be a term preferred share acquired in the ordinary course of business.

  • Marginal note:Guaranteed shares

    (2.2) No deduction may be made under subsection (1), (2) or 138(6) in computing the taxable income of a particular corporation in respect of a dividend received on a share of the capital stock of a corporation that was issued after 8:00 p.m. Eastern Daylight Saving Time, June 18, 1987 where

    • (a) a person or partnership (in this subsection and subsection (2.21) referred to as the “guarantor”) that is a specified financial institution or a specified person in relation to a specified financial institution, but that is not the issuer of the share or an individual other than a trust, is, at or immediately before the time the dividend was received, obligated, either absolutely or contingently and either immediately or in the future, to effect any undertaking (in this subsection and subsections (2.21) and (2.22) referred to as a “guarantee agreement”), including any guarantee, covenant or agreement to purchase or repurchase the share and including the lending of funds to or the placing of amounts on deposit with, or on behalf of, the particular corporation or any specified person in relation to the particular corporation given to ensure that

      • (i) any loss that the particular corporation or a specified person in relation to the particular corporation may sustain by reason of the ownership, holding or disposition of the share or any other property is limited in any respect, or

      • (ii) the particular corporation or a specified person in relation to the particular corporation will derive earnings by reason of the ownership, holding or disposition of the share or any other property; and

    • (b) the guarantee agreement was given as part of a transaction or event or a series of transactions or events that included the issuance of the share.

  • Marginal note:Exceptions

    (2.21) Subsection (2.2) does not apply to a dividend received by a particular corporation on

    • (a) a share that is at the time the dividend is received a share described in paragraph (e) of the definition term preferred share in subsection 248(1);

    • (b) a grandfathered share, a taxable preferred share issued before December 16, 1987 or a prescribed share;

    • (c) a taxable preferred share issued after December 15, 1987 and of a class of the capital stock of a corporation that is listed on a designated stock exchange where all guarantee agreements in respect of the share were given by one or more of the issuer of the share and persons that are related (otherwise than because of a right referred to in paragraph 251(5)(b)) to the issuer unless, at the time the dividend is paid to the particular corporation, dividends in respect of more than 10 per cent of the issued and outstanding shares to which the guarantee agreement applies are paid to the particular corporation or the particular corporation and specified persons in relation to the particular corporation; or

    • (d) a share

      • (i) that was not acquired by the particular corporation in the ordinary course of its business,

      • (ii) in respect of which the guarantee agreement was not given in the ordinary course of the guarantor’s business, and

      • (iii) the issuer of which is, at the time the dividend is paid, related (otherwise than because of a right referred to in paragraph 251(5)(b)) to both the particular corporation and the guarantor.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (2.22) For the purposes of subsections (2.2) and (2.21),

    • (a) where a guarantee agreement in respect of a share is given at any particular time after 8:00 p.m. Eastern Daylight Saving Time, June 18, 1987, otherwise than under a written arrangement to do so entered into before 8:00 p.m. Eastern Daylight Saving Time, June 18, 1987, the share is deemed to have been issued at the particular time and the guarantee agreement is deemed to have been given as part of a series of transactions that included the issuance of the share; and

    • (b) specified person has the meaning assigned by paragraph (h) of the definition taxable preferred share in subsection 248(1).

  • Marginal note:Where no deduction permitted

    (2.3) No deduction may be made under subsection (1) or (2) or 138(6) in computing the taxable income of a particular corporation in respect of a dividend received on a share of the capital stock of a corporation where there is, in respect of the share, a dividend rental arrangement of the particular corporation, a partnership of which the particular corporation is directly or indirectly a member or a trust under which the particular corporation is a beneficiary.

  • Marginal note:Dividend rental arrangements — exception

    (2.31) Subsection (2.3) does not apply to a dividend received on a share where there is, in respect of the share, a dividend rental arrangement of a person or partnership (referred to in this subsection and subsection (2.32) as the taxpayer) throughout a particular period during which the synthetic equity arrangement referred to in paragraph (c) of the definition dividend rental arrangement in subsection 248(1) is in effect if

    • (a) the dividend rental arrangement is a dividend rental arrangement because of that paragraph; and

    • (b) the taxpayer establishes that, throughout the particular period, no tax-indifferent investor or group of tax-indifferent investors, each member of which is affiliated with every other member, has all or substantially all of the risk of loss and opportunity for gain or profit in respect of the share because of the synthetic equity arrangement or a specified synthetic equity arrangement.

  • Marginal note:Representations

    (2.32) A taxpayer is considered to have satisfied the condition described in paragraph (2.31)(b) in respect of a share if

    • (a) the taxpayer or the connected person referred to in paragraph (a) of the definition synthetic equity arrangement in subsection 248(1) (either of which is referred to in this subsection as the synthetic equity arrangement party) obtains accurate representations in writing from its counterparty, or from each member of a group comprised of all its counterparties each of which is affiliated with each other (each member of this group of counterparties is referred to in this subsection as an affiliated counterparty), with respect to the synthetic equity arrangement, as appropriate, that

      • (i) it is not a tax-indifferent investor and it does not reasonably expect to become a tax-indifferent investor during the particular period referred to in subsection (2.31), and

      • (ii) it has not eliminated and it does not reasonably expect to eliminate all or substantially all of its risk of loss and opportunity for gain or profit in respect of the share during the particular period referred to in subsection (2.31);

    • (b) the synthetic equity arrangement party obtains accurate representations in writing from its counterparty, or from each affiliated counterparty, with respect to the synthetic equity arrangement that the counterparty, or each affiliated counterparty, as appropriate

      • (i) is not a tax-indifferent investor and does not reasonably expect to become a tax-indifferent investor during the particular period referred to in subsection (2.31),

      • (ii) has entered into one or more specified synthetic equity arrangements that have the effect of eliminating all or substantially all of its risk of loss and opportunity for gain or profit, in respect of the share, in one of the following circumstances:

        • (A) in the case of a counterparty, that counterparty

          • (I) has entered into a specified synthetic equity arrangement with its own counterparty (a counterparty of a counterparty or of an affiliated counterparty is referred to in this subsection as a specified counterparty), or

          • (II) has entered into a specified synthetic equity arrangement with each member of a group of its own counterparties each member of which is affiliated with each other member (each member of this group of counterparties is referred to in this subsection as an affiliated specified counterparty), or

        • (B) in the case of an affiliated counterparty, each affiliated counterparty

          • (I) has entered into a specified synthetic equity arrangement with the same specified counterparty, or

          • (II) has entered into a specified synthetic equity arrangement with an affiliated specified counterparty that is part of the same group of affiliated specified counterparties, and

      • (iii) has obtained accurate representations in writing from each of its specified counterparties, or from each member of the group of affiliated specified counterparties referred to in subclause (A)(II) or (B)(II), as appropriate, that

        • (A) it is not a tax-indifferent investor and it does not reasonably expect to become a tax-indifferent investor during the particular period referred to in subsection (2.31), and

        • (B) it has not eliminated and it does not reasonably expect to eliminate all or substantially all of its risk of loss and opportunity for gain or profit in respect of the share during the particular period referred to in subsection (2.31);

    • (c) the synthetic equity arrangement party obtains accurate representations in writing from its counterparty, or from each affiliated counterparty, with respect to the synthetic equity arrangement that the counterparty, or each affiliated counterparty, as appropriate

      • (i) is not a tax-indifferent investor and does not reasonably expect to become a tax-indifferent investor during the particular period referred to in subsection (2.31),

      • (ii) has entered into specified synthetic equity arrangements

        • (A) that have the effect of eliminating all or substantially all of its risk of loss and opportunity for gain or profit in respect of the share,

        • (B) where no single specified counterparty or group of affiliated specified counterparties has been provided with all or substantially all of the risk of loss and opportunity for gain or profit in respect of the share, and

        • (C) where each specified counterparty or affiliated specified counterparty deals at arm’s length with each other (other than in the case of affiliated specified counterparties, within the same group, of affiliated specified counterparties), and

      • (iii) has obtained accurate representations in writing from each of its specified counterparties, or from each of its affiliated specified counterparties, that

        • (A) it is a person resident in Canada and it does not reasonably expect to cease to be resident in Canada during the particular period referred to in subsection (2.31), and

        • (B) it has not eliminated and it does not reasonably expect to eliminate all or substantially all of its risk of loss and opportunity for gain or profit in respect of the share during the particular period referred to in subsection (2.31); or

    • (d) where a person or partnership is a party to a synthetic equity arrangement chain in respect of the share, the person or partnership

      • (i) has obtained all or substantially all of the risk of loss and opportunity for gain or profit in respect of the share under the synthetic equity arrangement chain,

      • (ii) has entered into one or more specified synthetic equity arrangements that have the effect of eliminating all or substantially all of its risk of loss and opportunity for gain or profit in respect of the share, and

      • (iii) obtains accurate representations in writing of the type described in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), as if it were a synthetic equity arrangement party, from each of its counterparties where each such counterparty deals at arm’s length with that person or partnership.

  • Marginal note:End of particular period

    (2.33) If, at a time during a particular period referred to in subsection (2.31), a counterparty, specified counterparty, affiliated counterparty or affiliated specified counterparty reasonably expects to become a tax-indifferent investor or, if it has provided a representation described by subparagraph (2.32)(a)(ii) or clause (2.32)(b)(iii)(B) or (c)(iii)(B) in respect of a share, to eliminate all or substantially all of its risk of loss and opportunity for gain or profit in respect of the share, the particular period for which it has provided a representation in respect of the share is deemed to end at that time.

  • Marginal note:Interpretation

    (2.34) For greater certainty, each reference in subsection (2.32) to a “counterparty”, a “specified counterparty”, an “affiliated counterparty” or an “affiliated specified counterparty” is to be read as referring only to a person or partnership that obtains all or any portion of the risk of loss or opportunity for gain or profit in respect of the share.

  • Marginal note:Where no deduction permitted

    (2.4) No deduction may be made under subsection 112(1) or 112(2) or subsection 138(6) in computing the taxable income of a particular corporation in respect of a dividend received on a share (in this subsection referred to as the “subject share”), other than an exempt share, of the capital stock of another corporation where

    • (a) any person or partnership was obligated, either absolutely or contingently, to effect an undertaking, including any guarantee, covenant or agreement to purchase or repurchase the subject share, under which an investor is entitled, either immediately or in the future, to receive or obtain any amount or benefit for the purpose of reducing the impact, in whole or in part, of any loss that an investor may sustain by virtue of the ownership, holding or disposition of the subject share, and any property is used, in whole or in part, either directly or indirectly in any manner whatever, to secure the undertaking; or

    • (b) the consideration for which the subject share was issued or any other property received, either directly or indirectly, by an issuer from an investor, or any property substituted therefor, is or includes

      • (i) an obligation of an investor to make payments that are required to be included, in whole or in part, in computing the income of the issuer, other than an obligation of a corporation that, immediately before the subject share was issued, would be related to the corporation that issued the subject share if this Act were read without reference to paragraph 251(5)(b), or

      • (ii) any right to receive payments that are required to be included, in whole or in part, in computing the income of the issuer where that right is held on condition that it or property substituted therefor may revert or pass to an investor or a person or partnership to be determined by an investor,

      where that obligation or right was acquired by the issuer as part of a transaction or event or a series of transactions or events that included the issuance or acquisition of the subject share, or a share for which the subject share was substituted.

  • Marginal note:Application of s. (2.4)

    (2.5) Subsection 112(2.4) applies only in respect of a dividend on a share where, having regard to all the circumstances, it may reasonably be considered that the share was issued or acquired as part of a transaction or event or a series of transactions or events that enabled any corporation to earn investment income, or any income substituted therefor, and, as a result, the amount of its taxes payable under this Act for a taxation year is less than the amount that its taxes payable under this Act would be for the year if that investment income were the only income of the corporation for the year and all other taxation years and no amount were deductible under subsections 127(5) and 127.2(1) in computing its taxes payable under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (2.6) For the purposes of this subsection and subsection 112(2.4),

    exempt share

    exempt share means

    • (a) a prescribed share,

    • (b) a share of the capital stock of a corporation issued before 5:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, November 27, 1986, other than a share held at that time

      • (i) by the issuer, or

      • (ii) by any person or partnership where the issuer may become entitled to receive any amount after that time by way of subscription proceeds or contribution of capital with respect to that share pursuant to an agreement made before that time, or

    • (c) a share that was, at the time the dividend referred to in subsection 112(2.4) was received, a share described in paragraph (e) of the definition term preferred share in subsection 248(1) during the applicable period referred to in that paragraph; (action exclue)

    investor

    investor means the particular corporation referred to in subsection 112(2.4) and a person with whom that corporation does not deal at arm’s length and any partnership or trust of which that corporation, or a person with whom that corporation does not deal at arm’s length, is a member or beneficiary, but does not include the other corporation referred to in that subsection; (investisseur)

    issuer

    issuer means the other corporation referred to in subsection 112(2.4) and a person with whom that corporation does not deal at arm’s length and any partnership or trust of which that corporation, or a person with whom that corporation does not deal at arm’s length, is a member or beneficiary, but does not include the particular corporation referred to in that subsection. (émetteur)

  • Marginal note:Change in agreement or condition

    (2.7) For the purposes of the definition exempt share in subsection 112(2.6), where at any time after 5:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, November 27, 1986 the terms or conditions of a share of the capital stock of a corporation have been changed or any agreement in respect of the share has been changed or entered into by the corporation, the share shall be deemed to have been issued at that time.

  • Marginal note:Loss sustained by investor

    (2.8) For the purposes of paragraph 112(2.4)(a), any loss that an investor may sustain by virtue of the ownership, holding or disposition of the subject share referred to in that paragraph shall be deemed to include any loss with respect to an obligation or share that was issued or acquired as part of a transaction or event or a series of transactions or events that included the issuance or acquisition of the subject share, or a share for which the subject share was substituted.

  • Marginal note:Related corporations

    (2.9) For the purposes of subparagraph 112(2.4)(b)(i), where it may reasonably be considered having regard to all the circumstances that a corporation has become related to any other corporation for the purpose of avoiding any limitation on the deduction of a dividend under subsection 112(1), 112(2) or 138(6), the corporation shall be deemed not to be related to the other corporation.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share that is capital property

    (3) Subject to subsections 112(5.5) and 112(5.6), the amount of any loss of a taxpayer (other than a trust) from the disposition of a share that is capital property of the taxpayer (other than a share that is property of a partnership) is deemed to be the amount of the loss determined without reference to this subsection minus,

    • (a) where the taxpayer is an individual, the lesser of

      • (i) the total of all amounts each of which is a dividend received by the taxpayer on the share in respect of which an election was made under subsection 83(2) where subsection 83(2.1) does not deem the dividend to be a taxable dividend, and

      • (ii) the loss determined without reference to this subsection minus all taxable dividends received by the taxpayer on the share; and

    • (b) where the taxpayer is a corporation, the total of all amounts received by the taxpayer on the share each of which is

      • (i) a taxable dividend, to the extent of the amount of the dividend that was deductible under this section or subsection 115(1) or 138(6) in computing the taxpayer’s taxable income or taxable income earned in Canada for any taxation year,

      • (ii) a dividend in respect of which an election was made under subsection 83(2) where subsection 83(2.1) does not deem the dividend to be a taxable dividend, or

      • (iii) a life insurance capital dividend.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share that is capital property — excluded dividends

    (3.01) A qualified dividend shall not be included in the total determined under subparagraph (3)(a)(i) or paragraph (3)(b) if the taxpayer establishes that

    • (a) it was received when the taxpayer and persons with whom the taxpayer was not dealing at arm’s length did not own in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received; and

    • (b) it was received on a share that the taxpayer owned throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share held by partnership

    (3.1) Subject to subsections 112(5.5) and 112(5.6), where a taxpayer (other than a partnership or a mutual fund trust) is a member of a partnership, the taxpayer’s share of any loss of the partnership from the disposition of a share that is held by a particular partnership as capital property is deemed to be that share of the loss determined without reference to this subsection minus,

    • (a) where the taxpayer is an individual, the lesser of

      • (i) the total of all amounts each of which is a dividend received by the taxpayer on the share in respect of which an election was made under subsection 83(2) where subsection 83(2.1) does not deem the dividend to be a taxable dividend, and

      • (ii) that share of the loss determined without reference to this subsection minus all taxable dividends received by the taxpayer on the share;

    • (b) where the taxpayer is a corporation, the total of all amounts received by the taxpayer on the share each of which is

      • (i) a taxable dividend, to the extent of the amount of the dividend that was deductible under this section or subsection 115(1) or 138(6) in computing the taxpayer’s taxable income or taxable income earned in Canada for any taxation year,

      • (ii) a dividend in respect of which an election was made under subsection 83(2) where subsection 83(2.1) does not deem the dividend to be a taxable dividend, or

      • (iii) a life insurance capital dividend; and

    • (c) where the taxpayer is a trust, the total of all amounts each of which is

      • (i) a taxable dividend, or

      • (ii) a life insurance capital dividend

      received on the share and designated under subsection 104(19) or 104(20) by the trust in respect of a beneficiary that was a corporation, partnership or trust.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share held by partnership — excluded dividends

    (3.11) A qualified dividend shall not be included in the total determined under subparagraph (3.1)(a)(i) or paragraph (3.1)(b) or (c) if the taxpayer establishes that

    • (a) it was received when the particular partnership, the taxpayer and persons with whom the taxpayer was not dealing at arm’s length did not hold in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received; and

    • (b) it was received on a share that the particular partnership held throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share held by partnership — excluded dividends

    (3.12) A taxable dividend received on a share and designated under subsection 104(19) by a particular trust in respect of a beneficiary that was a partnership or trust shall not be included in the total determined under paragraph 112(3.1)(c) where the particular trust establishes that the dividend was received by an individual (other than a trust).

  • Marginal note:Loss on share held by trust

    (3.2) Subject to subsections 112(5.5) and 112(5.6), the amount of any loss of a trust (other than a mutual fund trust) from the disposition of a share of the capital stock of a corporation that is capital property of the trust is deemed to be the amount of the loss determined without reference to this subsection minus the total of

    • (a) the amount, if any, by which the lesser of

      • (i) the total of all amounts each of which is a dividend received by the trust on the share in respect of which an election was made under subsection 83(2) where subsection 83(2.1) does not deem the dividend to be a taxable dividend, and

      • (ii) the loss determined without reference to this subsection minus the total of all amounts each of which is the amount of a taxable dividend

        • (A) received by the trust on the share,

        • (B) received on the share and designated under subsection 104(19) by the trust in respect of a beneficiary who is an individual (other than a trust), or

        • (C) that is a qualified dividend received on the share and designated under subsection 104(19) by the trust in respect of a beneficiary that was a corporation, partnership or another trust where the trust establishes that

          • (I) it owned the share throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition, and

          • (II) the dividend was received while the trust, the beneficiary and persons not dealing at arm’s length with the beneficiary owned in total less than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received

      exceeds

      • (iii) if the trust is an individual’s graduated rate estate, the share was acquired as a consequence of the individual’s death and the disposition occurs during the trust’s first taxation year, 1/2 of the lesser of

        • (A) the loss determined without reference to this subsection, and

        • (B) the individual’s capital gain from the disposition of the share immediately before the individual’s death, and

    • (b) the total of all amounts each of which is

      • (i) a taxable dividend, or

      • (ii) a life insurance capital dividend

      received on the share and designated under subsection 104(19) or 104(20) by the trust in respect of a beneficiary that was a corporation, partnership or trust.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share held by trust — special cases

    (3.3) Notwithstanding subsection 112(3.2), where a trust has at any time acquired a share of the capital stock of a corporation because of subsection 104(4), the amount of any loss of the trust from a disposition after that time is deemed to be the amount of the loss determined without reference to subsection 112(3.2) and this subsection minus the total of

    • (a) the amount, if any, by which the lesser of

      • (i) the total of all amounts each of which is a dividend received after that time by the trust on the share in respect of which an election was made under subsection 83(2) where subsection 83(2.1) does not deem the dividend to be a taxable dividend, and

      • (ii) the loss determined without reference to subsection 112(3.2) and this subsection minus the total of all amounts each of which is the amount of a taxable dividend

        • (A) received by the trust on the share after that time,

        • (B) received on the share after that time and designated under subsection 104(19) by the trust in respect of a beneficiary who is an individual (other than a trust), or

        • (C) that is a qualified dividend received on the share after that time and designated under subsection 104(19) by the trust in respect of a beneficiary that was a corporation, partnership or another trust where the trust establishes that

          • (I) it owned the share throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition, and

          • (II) the dividend was received when the trust, the beneficiary and persons not dealing at arm’s length with the beneficiary owned in total less than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received

      exceeds

      • (iii) 1/2 of the lesser of

        • (A) the loss from the disposition, determined without reference to subsection 112(3.2) and this subsection, and

        • (B) the trust’s capital gain from the disposition immediately before that time of the share because of subsection 104(4), and

    • (b) the total of all amounts each of which is a taxable dividend received on the share after that time and designated under subsection 104(19) by the trust in respect of a beneficiary that was a corporation, partnership or trust.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share held by trust — excluded dividends

    (3.31) A qualified dividend received by a trust shall not be included under subparagraph (3.2)(a)(i) or (b)(ii) or (3.3)(a)(i) if the trust establishes that the dividend

    • (a) was received,

      • (i) in any case where the dividend was designated under subsection 104(19) or 104(20) by the trust, when the trust, the beneficiary and persons with whom the beneficiary was not dealing at arm’s length did not own in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received, or

      • (ii) in any other case, when the trust and persons with whom the trust was not dealing at arm’s length did not own in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received, and

    • (b) was received on a share that the trust owned throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share held by trust — excluded dividends

    (3.32) A qualified dividend that is a taxable dividend received on the share and that is designated under subsection 104(19) by the trust in respect of a beneficiary that was a corporation, partnership or trust, shall not be included under paragraph (3.2)(b) or (3.3)(b) if the trust establishes that the dividend was received by an individual (other than a trust), or

    • (a) was received when the trust, the beneficiary and persons with whom the beneficiary was not dealing at arm’s length did not own in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received; and

    • (b) was received on a share that the trust owned throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share that is not capital property

    (4) Subject to subsections 112(5.5) and 112(5.6), the amount of any loss of a taxpayer (other than a trust) from the disposition of a share of the capital stock of a corporation that is property (other than capital property) of the taxpayer is deemed to be the amount of the loss determined without reference to this subsection minus,

    • (a) where the taxpayer is an individual and the corporation is resident in Canada, the total of all dividends received by the individual on the share;

    • (b) where the taxpayer is a partnership, the total of all dividends received by the partnership on the share; and

    • (c) where the taxpayer is a corporation, the total of all amounts received by the taxpayer on the share each of which is

      • (i) a taxable dividend, to the extent of the amount of the dividend that was deductible under this section, section 113 or subsection 115(1) or 138(6) in computing the taxpayer’s taxable income or taxable income earned in Canada for any taxation year, or

      • (ii) a dividend (other than a taxable dividend).

  • Marginal note:Loss on share that is not capital property — excluded dividends

    (4.01) A qualified dividend shall not be included in the total determined under paragraph (4)(a), (b) or (c) if the taxpayer establishes that

    • (a) it was received when the taxpayer and persons with whom the taxpayer was not dealing at arm’s length did not own in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received; and

    • (b) it was received on a share that the taxpayer owned throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition.

  • Marginal note:Fair market value of shares held as inventory

    (4.1) For the purpose of section 10, the fair market value at any time of a share of the capital stock of a corporation is deemed to be equal to the fair market value of the share at that time, plus

    • (a) where the shareholder is a corporation, the total of all amounts received by the shareholder on the share before that time each of which is

      • (i) a taxable dividend, to the extent of the amount of the dividend that was deductible under this section, section 113 or subsection 115(1) or 138(6) in computing the shareholder’s taxable income or taxable income earned in Canada for any taxation year, or

      • (ii) a dividend (other than a taxable dividend);

    • (b) where the shareholder is a partnership, the total of all amounts each of which is a dividend received by the shareholder on the share before that time; and

    • (c) where the shareholder is an individual and the corporation is resident in Canada, the total of all amounts each of which is a dividend received by the shareholder on the share before that time (or, where the shareholder is a trust, that would have been so received if this Act were read without reference to subsection 104(19)).

  • Marginal note:Fair market value of shares held as inventory — excluded dividends

    (4.11) A qualified dividend shall not be included in the total determined under paragraph (4.1)(a), (b) or (c) if the shareholder establishes that

    • (a) it was received while the shareholder and persons with whom the shareholder was not dealing at arm’s length did not hold in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received; and

    • (b) it was received on a share that the shareholder held throughout the 365-day period that ended at the time referred to in subsection 112(4.1).

  • Marginal note:Loss on share held by trust

    (4.2) Subject to subsections 112(5.5) and 112(5.6), the amount of any loss of a trust from the disposition of a share that is property (other than capital property) of the trust is deemed to be the amount of the loss determined without reference to this subsection minus

    • (a) the total of all amounts each of which is a dividend received by the trust on the share, to the extent that the amount was not designated under subsection 104(20) in respect of a beneficiary of the trust; and

    • (b) the total of all amounts each of which is a dividend received on the share that was designated under subsection 104(19) or 104(20) by the trust in respect of a beneficiary of the trust.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share held by trust — excluded dividends

    (4.21) A qualified dividend shall not be included in the total determined under paragraph (4.2)(a) if the taxpayer establishes that

    • (a) it was received when the trust and persons with whom the trust was not dealing at arm’s length did not own in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received; and

    • (b) it was received on a share that the trust owned throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition.

  • Marginal note:Loss on share held by trust — excluded dividends

    (4.22) A qualified dividend shall not be included in the total determined under paragraph (4.2)(b) if the taxpayer establishes that

    • (a) it was received when the trust, the beneficiary and persons with whom the beneficiary was not dealing at arm’s length did not own in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received; and

    • (b) it was received on a share that the trust owned throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition.

  • (4.3) [Repealed, 1998, c. 19, s. 131]

  • Marginal note:Disposition of share by financial institution

    (5) Subsection 112(5.2) applies to the disposition of a share by a taxpayer in a taxation year where

    • (a) the taxpayer is a financial institution in the year;

    • (b) the share is a mark-to-market property for the year; and

    • (c) the taxpayer received

      • (i) a dividend on the share at a time when the taxpayer and persons with whom the taxpayer was not dealing at arm’s length held in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received, or

      • (ii) a dividend on the share under subsection 84(3).

  • Marginal note:Share held for less than one year

    (5.1) Subsection 112(5.2) applies to the disposition of a share by a taxpayer in a taxation year where

    • (a) the disposition is an actual disposition;

    • (b) the taxpayer did not hold the share throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition; and

    • (c) the share was a mark-to-market property of the taxpayer for a taxation year that begins after October 1994 and in which the taxpayer was a financial institution.

  • Marginal note:Adjustment re dividends

    (5.2) Subject to subsection 112(5.3), where subsection 112(5) or 112(5.1) provides that this subsection applies to the disposition of a share by a taxpayer at any time, the taxpayer’s proceeds of disposition shall be deemed to be the amount determined by the formula

    A + B - (C - D)

    where

    A
    is the taxpayer’s proceeds determined without reference to this subsection,
    B
    is the lesser of
    • (a) the loss, if any, from the disposition of the share that would be determined before the application of this subsection if the cost of the share to any taxpayer were determined without reference to

      • (i) paragraphs 87(2)(e.2) and 87(2)(e.4), 88(1)(c), 138(11.5)(e) and 142.5(2)(b),

      • (ii) subsection 85(1), where the provisions of that subsection are required by paragraph 138(11.5)(e) to be applied, and

      • (iii) paragraph 142.6(1)(d), and

    • (b) the total of all amounts each of which is

      • (i) where the taxpayer is a corporation, a taxable dividend received by the taxpayer on the share, to the extent of the amount that was deductible under this section or subsection 115(1) or 138(6) in computing the taxpayer’s taxable income or taxable income earned in Canada for any taxation year,

      • (ii) where the taxpayer is a partnership, a taxable dividend received by the taxpayer on the share, to the extent of the amount that was deductible under this section or subsection 115(1) or 138(6) in computing the taxable income or taxable income earned in Canada for any taxation year of members of the partnership,

      • (iii) where the taxpayer is a trust, an amount designated under subsection 104(19) in respect of a taxable dividend on the share, or

      • (iv) a dividend (other than a taxable dividend) received by the taxpayer on the share,

    C
    is the total of all amounts each of which is the amount by which
    • (a) the taxpayer’s proceeds of disposition on a deemed disposition of the share before that time were increased because of this subsection,

    • (b) where the taxpayer is a corporation or trust, a loss of the taxpayer on a deemed disposition of the share before that time was reduced because of subsection 112(3), 112(3.2), 112(4) or 112(4.2), or

    • (c) where the taxpayer is a partnership, a loss of a member of the partnership on a deemed disposition of the share before that time was reduced because of subsection 112(3.1) or 112(4.2), and

    D
    is the total of all amounts each of which is the amount by which the taxpayer’s proceeds of disposition on a deemed disposition of the share before that time were decreased because of this subsection.
  • Marginal note:Subsection (5.2) — excluded dividends

    (5.21) A dividend, other than a dividend received under subsection 84(3), shall not be included in the total determined under paragraph (b) of the description of B in subsection (5.2) unless

    • (a) the dividend was received when the taxpayer and persons with whom the taxpayer did not deal at arm’s length held in total more than 5% of the issued shares of any class of the capital stock of the corporation from which the dividend was received; or

    • (b) the share was not held by the taxpayer throughout the 365-day period that ended immediately before the disposition.

  • Marginal note:Adjustment not applicable

    (5.3) For the purpose of determining the cost of a share to a taxpayer on a deemed reacquisition of the share after a deemed disposition of the share, the taxpayer’s proceeds of disposition shall be determined without regard to subsection 112(5.2).

  • Marginal note:Deemed dispositions

    (5.4) Where a taxpayer disposes of a share at any time,

    • (a) for the purpose of determining whether subsection 112(5.2) applies to the disposition, the conditions in subsections 112(5) and 112(5.1) shall be applied without regard to a deemed disposition and reacquisition of the share before that time; and

    • (b) total amounts under subsection 112(5.2) in respect of the disposition shall be determined from the time when the taxpayer actually acquired the share.

  • Marginal note:Stop-loss rules not applicable

    (5.5) Subsections 112(3) to 112(4) and 112(4.2) do not apply to the disposition of a share by a taxpayer in a taxation year that begins after October 1994 where

    • (a) the share is a mark-to-market property for the year and the taxpayer is a financial institution in the year; or

    • (b) subsection 112(5.2) applies to the disposition.

  • Marginal note:Stop-loss rules restricted

    (5.6) In determining whether any of subsections 112(3) to 112(4) and 112(4.2) apply to reduce a loss of a taxpayer from the disposition of a share, this Act shall be read without reference to paragraphs 112(3.01)(b) and 112(3.11)(b), subclauses 112(3.2)(a)(ii)(C)(I) and 112(3.3)(a)(ii)(C)(I) and paragraphs 112(3.31)(b), 112(3.32)(b), 112(4.01)(b), 112(4.21)(b) and 112(4.22)(b) where

    • (a) the disposition occurs

      • (i) because of subsection 142.5(2) in a taxation year that includes October 31, 1994, or

      • (ii) because of paragraph 142.6(1)(b) after October 30, 1994; or

    • (b) the share was a mark-to-market property of the taxpayer for a taxation year that begins after October 1994 in which the taxpayer was a financial institution.

  • Marginal note:Meaning of certain expressions

    (6) For the purposes of this section,

    • (a) “dividend” and “taxable dividend” do not include a capital gains dividend (within the meaning assigned by subsection 131(1)) or any dividend received by a taxpayer on which the taxpayer was required to pay tax under Part VII of the Income Tax Act, chapter 148 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1952, as it read on March 31, 1977;

    • (b) one corporation is controlled by another corporation if more than 50% of its issued share capital (having full voting rights under all circumstances) belongs to the other corporation, to persons with whom the other corporation does not deal at arm’s length, or to the other corporation and persons with whom the other corporation does not deal at arm’s length; and

    • (c) financial institution and mark-to-market property have the meanings assigned by subsection 142.2(1).

  • Marginal note:Interpretation — qualified dividend

    (6.1) For the purposes of this section, a dividend on a share is a qualified dividend to the extent that

    • (a) it is a dividend other than a dividend received under subsection 84(3); or

    • (b) it is received under subsection 84(3) and,

      • (i) if the share is held by an individual other than a trust, the dividend is received by the individual,

      • (ii) if the share is held by a corporation, the dividend is received by the corporation while it is a private corporation, and is paid by another private corporation,

      • (iii) if the share is held by a trust,

        • (A) the dividend is received by the trust,

        • (B) the dividend is designated under subsection 104(19) by the trust in respect of a beneficiary and

          • (I) the beneficiary is an individual other than a trust,

          • (II) the beneficiary is a private corporation when the dividend is received by it and the dividend is paid by another private corporation,

          • (III) the beneficiary is another trust that does not designate the dividend under subsection 104(19), or

          • (IV) the beneficiary is a partnership all of the members of which are, when the dividend is received, a person described by any of subclauses (I) to (III), or

        • (C) the dividend is designated by the trust under subsection 104(19) in respect of a beneficiary that is another trust or a partnership and the trust establishes that the dividend is received by a person described by any of subclauses (B)(I) to (III), and

      • (iv) if the share is held by a partnership,

        • (A) the dividend is included in the income of a member of a partnership and

          • (I) the member is an individual, or

          • (II) the member is a private corporation when the dividend is received by it and the dividend is paid by another private corporation, or

        • (B) the dividend is designated under subsection 104(19) by a member of a partnership that is a trust in respect of a beneficiary described by any of subclauses (iii)(B)(I) to (IV) or is described by clause (iii)(C).

  • Marginal note:Rules where shares exchanged

    (7) Where a share (in this subsection referred to as the “new share”) has been acquired in exchange for another share (in this subsection referred to as the “old share”) in a transaction to which section 51, 85.1, 86 or 87 applies, for the purposes of the application of any of subsections 112(3) to 112(3.32) in respect of a disposition of the new share, the new share is deemed to be the same share as the old share, except that

    • (a) any dividend received on the old share is deemed for those purposes to have been received on the new share only to the extent of the proportion of the dividend that

      • (i) the shareholder’s adjusted cost base of the new share immediately after the exchange

      is of

      • (ii) the shareholder’s adjusted cost base of all new shares immediately after the exchange acquired in exchange for the old share; and

    • (b) the amount, if any, by which a loss from the disposition of the new share is reduced because of the application of this subsection shall not exceed the proportion of the shareholder’s adjusted cost base of the old share immediately before the exchange that

      • (i) the shareholder’s adjusted cost base of the new share immediately after the exchange

      is of

      • (ii) the shareholder’s adjusted cost base of all new shares, immediately after the exchange, acquired in exchange for the old share.

  • Marginal note:Synthetic disposition  — holding period

    (8) If a synthetic disposition arrangement is entered into in respect of a property owned by a taxpayer and the synthetic disposition period of the arrangement is 30 days or more, for the purposes of paragraphs (3.01)(b) and (3.11)(b), subclauses (3.2)(a)(ii)(C)(I) and (3.3)(a)(ii)(C)(I) and paragraphs (3.31)(b), (3.32)(b), (4.01)(b), (4.11)(b), (4.21)(b), (4.22)(b), (5.1)(b) and (5.21)(b) and subsection (9), the taxpayer is deemed not to own the property during the synthetic disposition period.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (9) Subsection (8) does not apply in respect of a property owned by a taxpayer in respect of a synthetic disposition arrangement if the taxpayer owned the property throughout the 365-day period (determined without reference to this subsection) that ended immediately before the synthetic disposition period of the arrangement.

  • Marginal note:Synthetic equity arrangements — ordering

    (10) For the purposes of subsections (3), (3.1), (4), (4.1) and (5.2), if a synthetic equity arrangement is in respect of a number of shares that are identical properties (referred to in this subsection as identical shares) that is less than the total number of such identical shares owned by a person or partnership at that time and in respect of which there is no other synthetic equity arrangement, the synthetic equity arrangement is deemed to be in respect of those identical shares in the order in which the person or partnership acquired them.

  • NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text;
  • see relevant amending Acts. R.S., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.), s. 112;
  • 1994, c. 7, Sch. II, s. 84, c. 21, s. 51;
  • 1995, c. 21, s. 56;
  • 1998, c. 19, s. 131;
  • 2001, c. 17, ss. 88, 251;
  • 2007, c. 35, s. 68;
  • 2011, c. 24, s. 22;
  • 2013, c. 34, s. 242, c. 40, s. 48;
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 31;
  • 2016, c. 7, s. 14.
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