Income Tax Act

Version of section 16.1 from 2013-06-26 to 2017-11-20:

Marginal note:Leasing properties
  •  (1) Where a taxpayer (in this section referred to as the “lessee”) leases tangible property, or for civil law corporeal property, that is not prescribed property and that would, if the lessee acquired the property, be depreciable property of the lessee, from a person resident in Canada other than a person whose taxable income is exempt from tax under this Part, or from a non-resident person who holds the lease in the course of carrying on a business through a permanent establishment in Canada, as defined by regulation, any income from which is subject to tax under this Part, who owns the property and with whom the lessee was dealing at arm’s length (in this section referred to as the “lessor”) for a term of more than one year, if the lessee and the lessor jointly elect in prescribed form filed with their returns of income for their respective taxation years that include the particular time when the lease began, the following rules apply for the purpose of computing the income of the lessee for the taxation year that includes the particular time and for all subsequent taxation years:

    • (a) in respect of amounts paid or payable for the use of, or for the right to use, the property, the lease shall be deemed not to be a lease;

    • (b) the lessee shall be deemed to have acquired the property from the lessor at the particular time at a cost equal to its fair market value at that time;

    • (c) the lessee shall be deemed to have borrowed money from the lessor at the particular time, for the purpose of acquiring the property, in a principal amount equal to the fair market value of the property at that time;

    • (d) interest shall be deemed to accrue on the principal amount of the borrowed money outstanding from time to time, compounded semi-annually, not in advance, at the prescribed rate in effect

      • (i) at the earlier of

        • (A) the time, if any, before the particular time, at which the lessee last entered into an agreement to lease the property, and

        • (B) the particular time, or

      • (ii) where the lease provides that the amount payable by the lessee for the use of, or the right to use, the property varies according to prevailing interest rates in effect from time to time, and the lessee so elects, in respect of all of the property that is subject to the lease, in the lessee’s return of income under this Part for the taxation year of the lessee in which the lease began, at the beginning of the period for which the interest is being calculated;

    • (e) all amounts paid or payable by or on behalf of the lessee for the use of, or the right to use, the property in the year shall be deemed to be blended payments, paid or payable by the lessee, of principal and interest on the borrowed money outstanding from time to time, calculated in accordance with paragraph 16.1(1)(d), applied firstly on account of interest on principal, secondly on account of interest on unpaid interest and thirdly on account of unpaid principal, if any, and the amount, if any, by which any such payment exceeds the total of those amounts shall be deemed to be paid or payable on account of interest, and any amount deemed by reason of this paragraph to be a payment of interest shall be deemed to have been an amount paid or payable, as the case may be, pursuant to a legal obligation to pay interest in respect of the year on the borrowed money;

    • (f) at the time of the expiration or cancellation of the lease, the assignment of the lease or the sublease of the property by the lessee, the lessee shall (except where subsection 16.1(4) applies) be deemed to have disposed of the property at that time for proceeds of disposition equal to the amount, if any, by which

      • (i) the total of

        • (A) the amount referred to in paragraph 16.1(1)(c), and

        • (B) all amounts received or receivable by the lessee in respect of the cancellation or assignment of the lease or the sublease of the property

        exceeds

      • (ii) the total of

        • (A) all amounts deemed under paragraph 16.1(1)(e) to have been paid or payable, as the case may be, by the lessee on account of the principal amount of the borrowed money, and

        • (B) all amounts paid or payable by or on behalf of the lessee in respect of the cancellation or assignment of the lease or the sublease of the property;

    • (g) for the purposes of subsections 13(5.2) and 13(5.3), each amount paid or payable by or on behalf of the lessee that would, but for this subsection, have been an amount paid or payable for the use of, or the right to use, the property shall be deemed to have been deducted in computing the lessee’s income as an amount paid or payable by the lessee for the use of, or the right to use, the property after the particular time;

    • (h) any amount paid or payable by or on behalf of the lessee in respect of the granting or assignment of the lease or the sublease of the property that would, but for this paragraph, be the capital cost to the lessee of a leasehold interest in the property shall be deemed to be an amount paid or payable, as the case may be, by the lessee for the use of, or the right to use, the property for the remaining term of the lease; and

    • (i) where the lessee elects under this subsection in respect of a property and, at any time after the lease was entered into, the owner of the property is a non-resident person who does not hold the lease in the course of carrying on a business through a permanent establishment in Canada, as defined by regulation, any income from which is subject to tax under this Part, for the purposes of this subsection the lease shall be deemed to have been cancelled at that time.

  • Marginal note:Assignments and subleases

    (2) Subject to subsections 16.1(3) and 16.1(4), where at any particular time a lessee who has made an election under subsection 16.1(1) in respect of a leased property assigns the lease or subleases the property to another person (in this section referred to as the “assignee”),

    • (a) subsection 16.1(1) shall not apply in computing the income of the lessee in respect of the lease for any period after the particular time; and

    • (b) if the lessee and the assignee jointly elect in prescribed form filed with their returns of income under this Part for their respective taxation years that include the particular time, subsection 16.1(1) shall apply to the assignee as if

      • (i) the assignee leased the property at the particular time from the owner of the property for a term of more than one year, and

      • (ii) the assignee and the owner of the property jointly elected under subsection 16.1(1) in respect of the property with their returns of income under this Part for their respective taxation years that include the particular time.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (3) Subject to subsection 16.1(4), where at any particular time a lessee who has made an election under subsection 16.1(1) in respect of a leased property assigns the lease or subleases the property to another person with whom the lessee is not dealing at arm’s length, the other person shall, for the purposes of subsection 16.1(1) and for the purposes of computing that person’s income in respect of the lease for any period after the particular time, be deemed to be the same person as, and a continuation of, the lessee, except that, notwithstanding paragraph 16.1(1)(b), that other person shall be deemed to have acquired the property from the lessee at the time that it was acquired by the lessee at a cost equal to the amount that would be the lessee’s proceeds of disposition of the property determined under paragraph 16.1(1)(f) if that amount were determined without reference to clauses 16.1(1)(f)(i)(B) and (ii)(B).

  • Marginal note:Amalgamations and windings-up

    (4) Notwithstanding subsection 16.1(2), where at any time a particular corporation that has made an election under subsection 16.1(1) in respect of a lease assigns the lease

    • (a) by reason of an amalgamation (within the meaning assigned by subsection 87(1)), or

    • (b) in the course of the winding-up of a Canadian corporation in respect of which subsection 88(1) applies,

    to another corporation with which it does not deal at arm’s length, the other corporation shall, for the purposes of subsection 16.1(1) and for the purposes of computing its income in respect of the lease after that time, be deemed to be the same person as, and a continuation of, the particular corporation.

  • Marginal note:Replacement property

    (5) For the purposes of subsection 16.1(1), where at any time a property (in this subsection referred to as a “replacement property”) is provided by a lessor to a lessee as a replacement for a similar property of the lessor (in this subsection referred to as the “original property”) that was leased by the lessor to the lessee, and the amount payable by the lessee for the use of, or the right to use, the replacement property is the same as the amount that was so payable in respect of the original property, the replacement property shall be deemed to be the same property as the original property.

  • Marginal note:Additional property

    (6) For the purposes of subsection 16.1(1), where at any particular time

    • (a) an addition or alteration (in this subsection referred to as “additional property”) is made by a lessor to a property (in this subsection referred to as the “original property”) of the lessor that is the subject of a lease,

    • (b) the lessor and the lessee of the original property have jointly elected under subsection 16.1(1) in respect of the original property, and

    • (c) as a consequence of the addition or alteration, the total amount payable by the lessee for the use of, or the right to use, the original property and the additional property exceeds the amount so payable in respect of the original property,

    the following rules apply:

    • (d) the lessee shall be deemed to have leased the additional property from the lessor at the particular time,

    • (e) the term of the lease of the additional property shall be deemed to be greater than one year,

    • (f) the lessor and the lessee shall be deemed to have jointly elected under subsection 16.1(1) in respect of the additional property,

    • (g) the prescribed rate in effect at the particular time in respect of the additional property shall be deemed to be equal to the prescribed rate in effect in respect of the original property at the particular time,

    • (h) the additional property shall be deemed not to be prescribed property, and

    • (i) the excess referred to in paragraph 16.1(6)(c) shall be deemed to be an amount payable by the lessee for the use of, or the right to use, the additional property.

  • Marginal note:Renegotiation of lease

    (7) For the purposes of subsection 16.1(1), where at any time

    • (a) a lease (in this subsection referred to as the “original lease”) of property is renegotiated in the course of a bona fide renegotiation, and

    • (b) as a result of the renegotiation, the amount payable by the lessee of the property for the use of, or the right to use, the property is altered in respect of a period after that time (otherwise than because of an addition or alteration to which subsection 16.1(6) applies),

    the original lease shall be deemed to have expired and the renegotiated lease shall be deemed to be a new lease of the property entered into at that time.

  • NOTE: Application provisions are not included in the consolidated text;
  • see relevant amending Acts. R.S., 1985, c. 1 (5th Supp.), s. 16.1;
  • 1994, c. 7, Sch. II, s. 12;
  • 1999, c. 22, s. 7;
  • 2013, c. 34, s. 94.
Date modified: