Indian Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. I-5)

Act current to 2016-05-12 and last amended on 2015-04-02. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Property deemed situated on reserve
  •  (1) For the purposes of sections 87 and 89, personal property that was

    • (a) purchased by Her Majesty with Indian moneys or moneys appropriated by Parliament for the use and benefit of Indians or bands, or

    • (b) given to Indians or to a band under a treaty or agreement between a band and Her Majesty,

    shall be deemed always to be situated on a reserve.

  • Marginal note:Restriction on transfer

    (2) Every transaction purporting to pass title to any property that is by this section deemed to be situated on a reserve, or any interest in such property, is void unless the transaction is entered into with the consent of the Minister or is entered into between members of a band or between the band and a member thereof.

  • Marginal note:Destruction of property

    (3) Every person who enters into any transaction that is void by virtue of subsection (2) is guilty of an offence, and every person who, without the written consent of the Minister, destroys personal property that is by this section deemed to be situated on a reserve is guilty of an offence.

  • R.S., c. I-6, s. 90.

Trading with Indians

Marginal note:Certain property on a reserve may not be acquired
  •  (1) No person may, without the written consent of the Minister, acquire title to any of the following property situated on a reserve, namely,

    • (a) an Indian grave house;

    • (b) a carved grave pole;

    • (c) a totem pole;

    • (d) a carved house post; or

    • (e) a rock embellished with paintings or carvings.

  • Marginal note:Saving

    (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to chattels referred to therein that are manufactured for sale by Indians.

  • Marginal note:Removal, destruction, etc.

    (3) No person shall remove, take away, mutilate, disfigure, deface or destroy any chattel referred to in subsection (1) without the written consent of the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (4) A person who contravenes this section is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding two hundred dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months.

  • R.S., c. I-6, s. 91.

 [Repealed, 2014, c. 38, s. 10]

Removal of Materials from Reserves

Marginal note:Removal of material from reserve

 A person who, without the written permission of the Minister or his duly authorized representative,

  • (a) removes or permits anyone to remove from a reserve

    • (i) minerals, stone, sand, gravel, clay or soil, or

    • (ii) trees, saplings, shrubs, underbrush, timber, cordwood or hay, or

  • (b) has in his possession anything removed from a reserve contrary to this section,

is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or to both.

  • R.S., c. I-6, s. 93.

Offences, Punishment and Enforcement

 [Repealed, R.S., 1985, c. 32 (1st Supp.), s. 17]

Marginal note:Certificate of analysis is evidence

 In every prosecution under this Act a certificate of analysis furnished by an analyst employed by the Government of Canada or by a province shall be accepted as evidence of the facts stated therein and of the authority of the person giving or issuing the certificate, without proof of the signature of the person appearing to have signed the certificate or his official character, and without further proof thereof.

  • R.S., c. I-6, s. 101.
Marginal note:Penalty where no other provided

 Every person who is guilty of an offence against any provision of this Act or any regulation made by the Governor in Council or the Minister for which a penalty is not provided elsewhere in this Act or the regulations is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding two hundred dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or to both.

  • R.S., c. I-6, s. 102.
Marginal note:Seizure of goods
  •  (1) Whenever a peace officer, a superintendent or a person authorized by the Minister believes on reasonable grounds that a by-law made under subsection 81(1) or 85.1(1) has been contravened or an offence against section 90 or 93 has been committed, he may seize all goods and chattels by means of or in relation to which he believes on reasonable grounds the by-law was contravened or the offence was committed.

  • Marginal note:Detention

    (2) All goods and chattels seized pursuant to subsection (1) may be detained for a period of three months following the day of seizure unless during that period proceedings are undertaken under this Act in respect of the offence, in which case the goods and chattels may be further detained until the proceedings are finally concluded.

  • Marginal note:Forfeiture

    (3) Where a person is convicted of an offence against the sections mentioned in subsection (1), the convicting court or judge may order that the goods and chattels by means of or in relation to which the offence was committed, in addition to any penalty imposed, are forfeited to Her Majesty and may be disposed of as the Minister directs.

  • Marginal note:Search

    (4) A justice who is satisfied by information on oath that there is reasonable ground to believe that there are in a reserve or in any building, receptacle or place any goods or chattels by means of or in relation to which an offence against any of the sections mentioned in subsection (1) has been, is being or is about to be committed may at any time issue a warrant under his hand authorizing a person named therein or a peace officer at any time to search the reserve, building, receptacle or place for any of those goods or chattels.

  • R.S., 1985, c. I-5, s. 103;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 32 (1st Supp.), s. 19;
  • 2014, c. 38, s. 11.
Marginal note:Disposition of fines
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), every fine, penalty or forfeiture imposed under this Act belongs to Her Majesty for the benefit of the band, or of one or more members of the band, with respect to which the offence was committed or to which the offender, if an Indian, belongs.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The Governor in Council may from time to time direct that a fine, penalty or forfeiture described in subsection (1) shall be paid to a provincial, municipal or local authority that bears in whole or in part the expense of administering the law under which the fine, penalty or forfeiture is imposed, or that the fine, penalty or forfeiture shall be applied in the manner that he considers will best promote the purposes of the law under which the fine, penalty or forfeiture is imposed, or the administration of that law.

  • Marginal note:Disposition of fines imposed under by-laws

    (3) If a fine is imposed under a by-law made by the council of a band under this Act, it belongs to the band and subsections (1) and (2) do not apply.

  • R.S., 1985, c. I-5, s. 104;
  • 2014, c. 38, s. 12.

 [Repealed, 2014, c. 38, s. 13]

Marginal note:Jurisdiction of provincial court judges

 A provincial court judge has, with respect to matters arising under this Act, jurisdiction over the whole county, union of counties or judicial district in which the city, town or other place for which he is appointed or in which he has jurisdiction under provincial laws is situated.

  • R.S., 1985, c. I-5, s. 106;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203.
Marginal note:Appointment of justices

 The Governor in Council may appoint persons to be, for the purposes of this Act, justices of the peace and those persons have the powers and authority of two justices of the peace with regard to

  • (a) any offence under this Act; and

  • (b) any offence under the Criminal Code relating to cruelty to animals, common assault, breaking and entering and vagrancy, where the offence is committed by an Indian or relates to the person or property of an Indian.

  • R.S., c. I-6, s. 107.
Marginal note:Commissioners for taking oaths

 For the purposes of this Act or any matter relating to Indian affairs

  • (a) persons appointed by the Minister for the purpose,

  • (b) superintendents, and

  • (c) the Minister, Deputy Minister and the chief officer in charge of the branch of the Department relating to Indian affairs,

are commissioners for the taking of oaths.

  • R.S., c. I-6, s. 108.
 
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