Indian Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. I-5)

Act current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2015-04-02. Previous Versions


Marginal note:Minister may operate farms
  •  (1) The Minister may operate farms on reserves and may employ such persons as he considers necessary to instruct Indians in farming and may purchase and distribute without charge pure seed to Indian farmers.

  • Marginal note:Application of profits

    (2) The Minister may apply any profits that result from the operation of farms pursuant to subsection (1) on reserves to extend farming operations on the reserves or to make loans to Indians to enable them to engage in farming or other agricultural operations or he may apply those profits in any way that he considers to be desirable to promote the progress and development of the Indians.

  • R.S., c. I-6, s. 71.


Marginal note:Treaty money payable out of C.R.F.

 Moneys that are payable to Indians or to Indian bands under a treaty between Her Majesty and a band and for the payment of which the Government of Canada is responsible may be paid out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund.

  • R.S., c. I-6, s. 72.


Marginal note:Regulations
  •  (1) The Governor in Council may make regulations

    • (a) for the protection and preservation of fur-bearing animals, fish and other game on reserves;

    • (b) for the destruction of noxious weeds and the prevention of the spreading or prevalence of insects, pests or diseases that may destroy or injure vegetation on Indian reserves;

    • (c) for the control of the speed, operation and parking of vehicles on roads within reserves;

    • (d) for the taxation, control and destruction of dogs and for the protection of sheep on reserves;

    • (e) for the operation, supervision and control of pool rooms, dance halls and other places of amusement on reserves;

    • (f) to prevent, mitigate and control the spread of diseases on reserves, whether or not the diseases are infectious or communicable;

    • (g) to provide medical treatment and health services for Indians;

    • (h) to provide compulsory hospitalization and treatment for infectious diseases among Indians;

    • (i) to provide for the inspection of premises on reserves and the destruction, alteration or renovation thereof;

    • (j) to prevent overcrowding of premises on reserves used as dwellings;

    • (k) to provide for sanitary conditions in private premises on reserves as well as in public places on reserves;

    • (l) for the construction and maintenance of boundary fences; and

    • (m) for empowering and authorizing the council of a band to borrow money for band projects or housing purposes and providing for the making of loans out of moneys so borrowed to members of the band for housing purposes.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) The Governor in Council may prescribe the punishment, not exceeding a fine of one hundred dollars or imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or both, that may be imposed on summary conviction for contravention of a regulation made under subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Orders and regulations

    (3) The Governor in Council may make orders and regulations to carry out the purposes and provisions of this Act.

  • R.S., c. I-6, s. 73.