Judges Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. J-1)

Act current to 2017-09-27 and last amended on 2017-06-22. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Personnel
  •  (1) The Commission may engage the services of any persons necessary for the proper conduct of the Commission.

  • Marginal note:Presumption

    (2) No person engaged under subsection (1) shall, as a result, be considered to be employed in the federal public administration.

  • 1998, c. 30, s. 5;
  • 2003, c. 22, s. 224(E).
Marginal note:Costs payable
  •  (1) The Commission may identify those representatives of the judiciary participating in an inquiry of the Commission to whom costs shall be paid in accordance with this section.

  • Marginal note:Entitlement to payment of costs

    (2) A representative of the judiciary identified under subsection (1) who participates in an inquiry of the Commission is entitled to be paid, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, two thirds of the costs determined under subsection (3) in respect of his or her participation.

  • Marginal note:Determination of costs

    (3) An assessment officer of the Federal Court, other than a judge or a prothonotary, shall determine the amount of costs, on a solicitor-and-client basis, in accordance with the Federal Courts Rules.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (4) This section applies to costs incurred in relation to participation in any inquiry of the Commission conducted after September 1, 1999.

  • 2001, c. 7, s. 18;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 85;
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 5;
  • 2014, c. 39, s. 320.

Definition of judiciary

 In sections 26, 26.1 and 26.3, judiciary includes the prothonotaries of the Federal Court.

  • 2014, c. 39, s. 321.

Allowances for Incidental, Non-accountable and Representational Expenses

Marginal note:Allowance for incidental expenditures actually incurred
  •  (1) On and after April 1, 2000, every judge in receipt of a salary under this Act is entitled to be paid, up to a maximum of $5,000 for each year, for reasonable incidental expenditures that the fit and proper execution of the office of judge may require, to the extent that the judge has actually incurred the expenditures and is not entitled to be reimbursed for them under any other provision of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Additional allowance for northern judges

    (2) On and after April 1, 2004, there shall be paid to each judge of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland and Labrador resident in Labrador and each judge of the Supreme Court of Yukon, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories and the Nunavut Court of Justice who is in receipt of a salary under this Act, in addition to the allowance provided by subsection (1), a non-accountable yearly allowance of $12,000 as compensation for the higher cost of living in Labrador and in the territories.

  • Marginal note:Additional allowance — Federal Courts and Tax Court of Canada

    (3) There shall be paid to every judge of the Federal Court of Appeal, the Federal Court and the Tax Court of Canada who is in receipt of a salary under this Act, in addition to the allowance provided by subsection (1), a non-accountable yearly allowance of $2,000 as compensation for special incidental expenditures inherent in the exercise of their office as judge.

  • (3.1) [Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 86]

  • Marginal note:Continuance in force of subsection (3)

    (4) Subsection (3) shall continue in force for so long as subsection 57(2) continues in force in relation to judges of superior courts in the provinces.

  • Marginal note:Idem

    (5) The additional allowances described in subsections (2) and (3) are deemed not to be travel or personal or living expense allowances expressly fixed by this Act.

  • Marginal note:Representational allowance

    (6) On and after April 1, 2004, each of the following judges is entitled to be paid, as a representational allowance, reasonable travel and other expenses actually incurred by the judge or the spouse or common-law partner of the judge in discharging the special extra-judicial obligations and responsibilities that devolve on the judge, to the extent that those expenses may not be reimbursed under any other provision of this Act and their aggregate amount does not exceed in any year the maximum amount indicated below in respect of the judge:

    • (a) the Chief Justice of Canada, $18,750;

    • (b) each puisne judge of the Supreme Court of Canada, $10,000;

    • (c) the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Appeal and each chief justice described in sections 12 to 21 as the chief justice of a province, $12,500;

    • (d) each other chief justice referred to in sections 10 to 21, $10,000;

    • (e) the Chief Justices of the Court of Appeal of Yukon, the Court of Appeal of the Northwest Territories and the Court of Appeal of Nunavut, and the senior judges of the Supreme Court of Yukon, the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories and the Nunavut Court of Justice, $10,000 each;

    • (f) the Chief Justice of the Court Martial Appeal Court of Canada, $10,000; and

    • (g) the Senior Judge of the Family Court, and each regional senior judge, of the Superior Court of Justice in and for the Province of Ontario, $5,000.

  • (7) [Repealed, 2006, c. 11, s. 6]

  • Marginal note:Judge acting in place of recipient

    (8) Where any justice or judge mentioned in subsection (6), other than a puisne judge of the Supreme Court of Canada, is unable to discharge the obligations and responsibilities referred to in that subsection or the office of that justice or judge is vacant, the judge who acts in the place of that justice or judge is entitled to be paid the representational allowance provided for that justice or judge.

  • Marginal note:Definitions

    (9) In this section,

    chief judge

    chief judge[Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 86]

    chief justice

    juge en chef

    chief justice, except in paragraphs (6)(a) and (c), includes a senior associate chief justice and an associate chief justice; (juge en chef)

    senior county court judge

    senior county court judge[Repealed, 1990, c. 17, s. 31]

    senior judge

    juge principal

    senior judge of the Supreme Court of Yukon, of the Supreme Court of the Northwest Territories or of the Nunavut Court of Justice means the judge with the earliest date of appointment to the court in question who has not made an election under subsection 29(1) or 32.1(1) or, in the case of more than one such judge having been appointed on the same day, the judge that the Governor in Council may designate as the senior judge. (juge principal)

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 27;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 50 (1st Supp.), s. 5, c. 27 (2nd Supp.), s. 4, c. 51 (4th Supp.), s. 14;
  • 1989, c. 8, s. 10;
  • 1990, c. 17, s. 31;
  • 1992, c. 51, s. 8;
  • 1993, c. 28, s. 78;
  • 1996, c. 30, s. 2;
  • 1998, c. 15, s. 29;
  • 1999, c. 3, s. 73;
  • 2000, c. 12, s. 168;
  • 2001, c. 7, s. 19;
  • 2002, c. 7, ss. 190, 277(E), c. 8, s. 86;
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 6;
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 213.

Supernumerary Judges

Marginal note:Federal Courts and Tax Court
  •  (1) If a judge of the Federal Court of Appeal, the Federal Court or the Tax Court of Canada notifies the Minister of Justice of Canada of his or her election to give up regular judicial duties and hold office only as a supernumerary judge, the judge shall hold the office of supernumerary judge of that Court from the time notice is given until he or she reaches the age of retirement, resigns or is removed from or otherwise ceases to hold office, or until the expiry of 10 years from the date of the election, whichever occurs earlier, and shall be paid the salary annexed to that office.

  • Marginal note:Restriction on election

    (2) An election may be made under subsection (1) only by a judge

    • (a) who has continued in judicial office for at least 15 years and whose combined age and number of years in judicial office is not less than 80; or

    • (b) who has attained the age of 70 years and has continued in judicial office for at least 10 years.

  • Marginal note:Duties of judge

    (3) A judge who has made the election referred to in subsection (1) shall hold himself or herself available to perform such special judicial duties as may be assigned to the judge

    • (a) by the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Appeal, if the judge is a member of the Federal Court of Appeal;

    • (b) by the Chief Justice of the Federal Court, if the judge is a member of the Federal Court; or

    • (c) by the Chief Justice or the Associate Chief Justice of the Tax Court of Canada, if the judge is a judge of that Court.

  • Marginal note:Salary of supernumerary judge

    (4) The salary of each supernumerary judge of the Federal Court of Appeal, the Federal Court or the Tax Court of Canada is the salary annexed to the office of a judge of that Court, other than the office of a Chief Justice or Associate Chief Justice.

  • R.S., 1985, c. J-1, s. 28;
  • R.S., 1985, c. 16 (3rd Supp.), s. 3;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 87;
  • 2006, c. 11, s. 7.
 
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