Canada Labour Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. L-2)

Act current to 2014-07-22 and last amended on 2014-07-01. Previous Versions

Marginal note:Administering oaths

 An inspector may administer all oaths and take and receive all affidavits and statutory declarations required with respect to the powers of the inspector set out in subsection 249(2) and certify to the administration, taking or receiving thereof.

  • R.S., c. L-1, s. 64.
Marginal note:Where underpayments found on inspection
  •  (1) Where an inspector finds that an employer has failed to pay an employee any wages or other amounts to which the employee is entitled under this Part, the inspector may determine the difference between the wages or other amounts actually paid to the employee under this Part and the wages or other amounts to which the employee is entitled under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Where amount of underpayment agreed to

    (2) Where an inspector determines pursuant to subsection (1) that there is a difference between the wages or other amounts actually paid to an employee and the wages or other amounts to which the employee is entitled and the amount of that difference is agreed to in writing by the employee and his employer, the employer shall, within five days after the date of the agreement, pay the amount

    • (a) to the employee on the direction of the inspector; or

    • (b) to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Where amount paid to Minister

    (3) Where an employer pays the amount under subsection (2) to the Minister, the Minister shall, forthwith on receipt of the amount, pay it over to the employee who, pursuant to subsection (2), is entitled to the amount.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s consent required for prosecution

    (4) No prosecution for failure to pay an employee the wages or other amounts to which the employee was entitled under this Part shall, without the written consent of the Minister, be instituted against the employer when the employer has made payment of any amount of difference in wages or other amounts in accordance with subsection (2).

  • R.S., 1985, c. L-2, s. 251;
  • 1993, c. 42, s. 36.

Complaints

Marginal note:Making of complaint
  •  (1) Any employee may make a complaint in writing to an inspector if they believe that the employer has contravened

    • (a) any provision of this Part or of the regulations made under this Part; or

    • (b) any order.

  • Marginal note:Time for making complaint

    (2) A complaint under subsection (1) shall be made within the following period

    • (a) in the case of a complaint of non-payment of wages or other amounts to which the employee is entitled under this Part, six months from the last day on which the employer was required to pay those wages or other amounts under this Part; and

    • (b) in the case of any other complaint, six months from the day on which the subject-matter of the complaint arose.

  • Marginal note:Extension of time

    (3) The Minister may, subject to the regulations, extend the period set out in subsection (2)

    • (a) if the Minister is satisfied that a complaint was made within that period to a government official who had no authority to deal with the complaint and that the person making the complaint believed the official had that authority;

    • (b) in any circumstances prescribed by regulation; or

    • (c) in the conditions prescribed by regulation.

  • Marginal note:Limitation

    (4) An employee is not permitted to make a complaint under subsection (1) if the complaint is that the employee has been dismissed and considers the dismissal to be unjust.

  • Marginal note:For greater certainty

    (5) For greater certainty, a complaint is not permitted under this section if it relates to a disagreement whose settlement is governed exclusively by a collective agreement under subsection 168(1.1).

  • 2012, c. 31, s. 223.